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Daily Archives: 03.05.2024

SHakhs, fard va fardiyat

Bez-nazvaniya-8

SHakhs fardi boshuur buda, hamchun subekti munosibathoi ijtimoi, ba- randai sifathoi arzishnoki ijtimoi Mo odatan dar radif bo shakhs mafhumhoi odam, fard va fardiyat niz mavridi istifoda qaror medihem. In ma- fhumho khususiyathoi khudro doro boshand ham, dar baroba- ri inba hamdigar aloqai zich dorand. Odam mafhumi nisbatan umumiyu jambastkunanda …

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Tanosubi omilhoi biologi va ijtimoi dar inkishofi psikhikii shakhs

Bez-nazvaniya-21

Odam bo nishonahoi muayyani qobiliyatu is tedodhoi irsi ba dunyo meoyad. Aglabi onho bi- syormanoyand: dar asosi onho sifathoi mukhtalifi shakhs tashakkul yofta metavonand. Baroi amali gardidani on ravandi tarbiya naqshi halkunanda mebozad. Voqean imkoniyathoi tarbiya bo khususiyathoi irsii fard niz aloqamand meboshand. Asosi irsii organizmi odam khususiyathoi anatomi- fiziologi, …

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Ijtimoishavii shakhs

Bez-nazvaniya-22

Ijtimoishavi – in dar asosi az khud kardani arzishhoi ijtimoi va tarzhoi raftori baroi jomea mufid, tashakkul dodani qobiliyati shakhs baroi burdani faoliyati hayoti dar jomea meboshad. Odam dar ravandi ijtimoishavi meyorhoi ijtimoi- ro az khud namuda, moliki tarzhoi ijroi naqshhoi ijti- moi va malakahoi jamiyati megardad. Ijtimoishavi – in …

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Muhammad Gazoli

Bez-nazvaniya-20

(1058-1111) az jumlai buzurgtarin mutafakkironi tojiku fors ast, ki dar inkishofi tamad- duni tamomi khalqhoi SHarqi musulmoni naqshi nihoyat buzurg bozidaast. U namoyandai falsafai kalom meboshad. Gazoli soli 1058 dar shahri Tusi Eron tavallud yof- taast. U malumoti ibtidoiro dar Tus girifta, madrasa- ro niz dar in jo khatm namudaast. …

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Muborizahoi fikri dar psikhologiya

Bez-nazvaniya-17

Predmet, metod va vazifahoi psikho- logiya dar davrai avvali mu- staqilshavii on ba digargunihoi zi- yode duchor omad. Ananahoi V.Vundtro psikhologi amerikoi E.Titchener davom dod. U dar universiteti Korneli IMA kor mekard. U chun V.Vundt predmeti psikhologiyaro dar tajribai bevosita medid. Nomi raviyai ilmii E.Titchener psikhologiyai strukturi bud, ki barkhilofi …

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Tashakkuli afkori psikhologi dar

Bez-nazvaniya-18

Afkori psikhologii mutafak- kironi tojiku fors doroi tarikhi besh az du hazorsola meboshad va on dar barobari tashakkulu inkishofi donishhoi falsafi rushdu numu yoftaast. Aqidahoi zardushtiya, monaviya va mazdakiya, ki dar ahdi boston rivoj doshtand, sarshor az manihoi fal- safivu psikhologi budand. Boyad qayd kard, ki afkori psikhologi dar mutafak- …

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Nosiri Hisrav

Bez-nazvaniya-19

1004-1088) mutafakkiri buzurgi tojik buda, dar shahri Qabodiyon, ki dar _janubii Tojiki- ston mavqe dorad, ba dunyo omadaast. U dar solhoi 30- yumi asri XI ba sifati shoir va olimi zabardasti zamon nom barovard. Nosiri Hisrav tahti tasiri payravoni ismoiliya ba in mazhab mayl paydo karda bud. Ismoiliyon yak shokhai …

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Rushdi donishhoi psikhologi dar asri XIX

Bez-nazvaniya-16

Dar nimai duyumi asri XIX baroi tashakkulu inkishofi donishhoi psikhologi    sharoithoi musoidi voqei ba amal omadand. Doir ba N.YA.Grot menavisad, ki zuhuroti hamaruza, yane baromadani osori nav doir ba masalahoi psikhologi ba on fikr moro mebarad, ki ilmi psikhologiya qobiliyati inkishofyobiro dorad va u in vositahoro sohib ast. Doir ba …

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Afkori psikhologi dar falsafai klassikii nemis

Bez-nazvaniya-15

Filosofiyai empiriki ki dar Angliya paydo shuda bud, dar nimai duyumi asri XVIII tufayli tarjumai asarhoi D.YUm, D.Gartli ohista-ohista ba Germaniya guzasht. I.Kant (1724-1804) az buzurgtarin mutafakkironi in davra shinokhta shudaast. U asosguzori idealizmi klas- sikii nemis ast, ki ideyahoi dialektikaro az nav barqaror namudaast. U ziddi empiriyai Volf H. …

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Psikhologiyai avrupoii asrhoi XVII – XVIII

Bez-nazvaniya-14

Inkishofi donishi tajribavi talab menamud, ki ba joi metodi skholastii ta- fakkur metodi nav mamul shavad. Makhsusan, taraqqiyoti donishhoi anatomiyu psikhologi dar borai sokht, kori jism, ba vujud omadani kashfiyotu ikhtirootho fahmishi ruhro mazmunan digar kard. Faylasufi anglis F.Bekon (1561-1626) saromadi materializmi zamoni nav buda, rohi navi tadqiqi ruhro ba …

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