Home / Ilm / AFKORI JAMIYATI SIYOSI, MAORIFPARVARI

AFKORI JAMIYATI SIYOSI, MAORIFPARVARI

Dar nimai duyumi asri XIX dar afkori chamiyatii khalki tochik zeri tasiri madaniyati rus charayone paydo shud, ki bo nomi maorifparvari mashhur ast.
Istiloh va mafkhumi maorifparvari dar asrhoi XVII dar hayoti chamiyati Angliya dar asri XVIII dar Fransiya va okhiri asri XVIII ibtidoi asri XIX dar Rossiya ba vuchud omada bud. Namoyandagoni afkori peshqadami mamlakathoi gunogun, monandi Volter, Didro, Russo dar Fransiya, Radishev dar Rossiya ba muqobili tartiboti zulmi feodali muboriza burda, dar bayni ommai vasei khalq ba pakhn shudani ilmu marifat kushish mekardand. CHori namudani tartiboti nav dar hayoti siyosivu ichtimoii mamlakathoi nomburda, charayoni maorifparvari va namoyandagoni on maorifparvar nom giriftand.
Faoliyati charayoni navi dar Bukhoro badi hamroh shudan ba Rossiya paydo shud. Maorifparvaroni tochik nisbat ba sokhti feodali va tartiboti davlati nafrat doshtand.
Ahmadi Donish dar natichai se safari khud ba Rossiya bo madaniyati peshqadami rus az nazdik shinos gardida, badi bozgasht ba talifi «Navodir -ul- vaqoe» shuru namud, Ki dar on hayoti ichtimoii amorati Bukhororo tankid namudaast.
Dar «Navodir-ul-vaqoe» ba tamomi madrasahoi Bukhoro talimi ilmhoi dunyavi, omukhtani donishhoi ba hayotu zindagi zaruriro targib namudaast. Dar asarhoi maorifparvaron nisbat ba tartiboti davlati va ilmu marifati avrupoi husni tavajjuh doshtani muallifon mushohida karda meshavand.
Maorifparvaron manfiati ommai mehnatkashro samimona khimoya mekardand. Onho bovari doshtand, ki agar az idorahoi davlati amaldoroni zolimu sitamgar ronda shavand va tartiboti idorai davlat ba nizomi muayyan darovarda shavad, behbudii omma tamin megardad. Dar targibi in akida maorifparvaron az hayot va tartiboti davlathoi peshqadam misolho meovardand. Barobari in, onho az hikoyat va rivoyathoi ananavi dar borai adlu insofparvarii hukmronhoi guzashtai SHark, misli
Iskandari Rumi, Anushervon va digaron misolho meovardand. Onhoro hamchun namunai ibrat dar asarhoi khud tasvir menamudand. Hamin tariq, afkor va faoliyati maorifparvaroni tochik dar tankidi sokhti davlati, targibi marifat, ilmu donishi dunyavi, targibi tarzi zindagii mamlakathoi Avrupoi va Rossiya va himoyai manfiati ommai mehnatkashon zohir megasht.
Sarvari maorifparvaron dar nimai duyumi asri XIX Ahmadi Donish bud. Afkori maorifparvari dar osori Vozeh, SHohin va S. Ayni ravshan aks yoftaast.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

Bez-nazvaniya-27

Sokhti guruhhoi khurd

Zeri mafhumi sokhti guruhi khurd, sokht va khususiyathoi mavjudai mu- nosibathoi baynihamdigarii azo- yoni on …

222222222222222