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Afkori jamiyaty va siyosii Movarounnahr bad az istiloi arab

Arabho Movarounnahrro istilo namuda, ba sari in mardum zulmu kulfati ziyod bor kardand. Az siyosati khalifahoi Umavy, ki ba manfiati ashrofoni arab siyosat meburdand, na tanho aholii mulkhoi istiloshuda, balki aholii khilofati arab ham norozy bud.
Az in norozigy istifoda burda ziddi Umaviyon az solhoi 30 tashviqot burda meshud. Dar muborizai ziddi khilofat du guri kalon ishtirok kardand: ba guruhi avval onhoe dokhil meshudand,ki az baland shudani martabai ashrofi arab norozy budand. Ba guruhi duyum tarafdoroni Aly budand, ki tashkiloti khud- khizbi shiaro tashkil dodand. in guruh tarafdori merosy budani takhti khilofat buda, tanho avlodoni Aliro vorisoni haqiqy khisob mekardand.
Guruhi muqobili Umaviyon sulolai Abbosiyon ( az nomi Abbos amaki Muhmmad) tasis dodand. Dar solhoi 40- rorhbarii Abbosiyon ba dasti pisari Muhammad ibni Aly Ibrohim ibni Muhammad guzasht. Vay ba tamomi nohiyahoi tobei khilofat tashviqotchiyoni khudro firistoda, ba mardum sabuki dodan va ba idorakuny chalb kardani akholii makhally vada dod.
Makhz dar in davra dar Huroson kharakatkhoi ommavy ziddi khilofat sar shud. Dar Huroson baroi kharakati ommavy zaminakhoi muayan choy doshtand. Gurukhi muayyani mardumi Huroson khudro az arabkho bolotar medonistand. Ba kharakati ziddi bayny – Umaviyon mardi ziraku dono Abumuslim rokhbry mekard.
Abumuslim az Ibrokhim dasturi rokhbarii Hurosonro girifta dar Marv ba muboriza ooz kard. Abumuslim parchami khudro siyokh va gurzro nimsiyokh kard, zero rangi siyokh nishonai beadolaty beshavkiyatii Umaviyon makhsub meshud.
Rangi siyokh nishonai chabru sitam va kuvvai bady bud. In mardumi sitamdidaro az tamomi gushavu kanor dar atrofi Abumuslim cham namud.
Soli 748 markazi Huroson shakhri Marv ishol karda shud. Soli 749 payravoni Abumuslim kismati arbii khilofati Arabro zabt karda, soli 750 poytakhti khilofat shakhri Dimishkro ishol karda, khalifa Marvoni 2 az takht sarnagun karda shud. Namoyandai Abbosiyon Abul- Abbos-as- Safokh ba takhti khilofat menishinad. Az bayn raftani yak sulolai arab va ba takht baromadani Abbosiyon ba khalq yagon bekhbudi naovard. Abumuslim baroi ichroi vadakhoi khud chorae naandeshid. u asosan faoliyatkhoi khudro baroi vusati dini islom bayni mardumi Hurosonu
Movarounnakhr ravona karda bud. Ziyoda az on Abumuslim dar pakhsh namudani shurishi SHarik ibni SHaykh al-Mukhry samguzor bud.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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