Home / Ilm / CHUNBISHHOI HALSI (OHIRI ASRI XYIII VA IBTIDOI ASRI XIX).

CHUNBISHHOI HALSI (OHIRI ASRI XYIII VA IBTIDOI ASRI XIX).

Zulmu istibdod, khudsarii amaldoron va feodalon khalki mekhnatkashro ba dod ovarda, sababi etirozi sinfi gardid. Aholii shahri Bukhoro va nohiyahoi girdu atrofii on borho ba mukobili amironi mangit shurish bardoshtand. CHunin shurishho dar solhoi 1758- 1785 sar zada boshad ham, shurishi kalontarin soli 1810 ba amal omad. Zimistoni soli 1810 sard omada, tukhmiro sarmo zad. Bar zammi in, az 1-umi aprel to 16-umi may shamoli sakht vazida, kishtzori atrofi Bukhorro reg zer kard va sokinoni on ba choyhoi digar kuchidand. Dar shahr gurusnagi va duzdi khukmfarmo gardid. Goratgaron aholiro toroch, mekardand. Amir baroi baromadan az in vaziyati dushvor chorae nadid. Halki ba chon rasida dar maydoni Registon cham omada, az amir yori metalabidand, vale amir Haydar bo nazdikonash az shakhr firor namud. Amir ba maqsadi pakhsh kardani shurish aholiro ba mazori shaykh Bahovaddin ba namozi 3 – ruza davat namud. Amir ba choi dastgirii khalk baraks farmon dod, ki sarbozoni u khonahoi aholiro musodira karda, tamomi galladonai ba dast darovardaashonro ba bozor ovarda, bo narkhi kimmat furushand. Quvvai harbii amir shurishro pakhsh kard.
SHuru oshubhoi khalki dar solhoi 1819-1820 dar Uroteppa, CHizzakh, Miyonkol va digar mahalho sar zadand. Makhsusan, shurishi soli 1821 dar mahallai Miyonkol (bayni Bukhoro va Samarqand) chunbishi kalontarin bud. Dar in cho kabilahoi nimkuchii uzbek Hitoy – Kpchokkho zindagi mekardand. Ziyod shudani bochu khiroch, va ba khizmati harbi safarbar kardani mikdori ziyodi kabilaho sababhoi asosii shurish budand. Ba shurish kabilahoi qaraqalpoqihoi sokinoni in mahal hamroh shudand. Dere naguzashta toifahoi digari bayni Samarqandu Kaakurn shurishgaronro tarafdori kardand. SHurishchiyon badi rondani mamuroni amir, Katakuron, Halak, YAngikurn va digar shakhru dehoti girdu atrofro ba dast darovardand. Ishtirokchiyoni shurish ba tarafi Samarqand harakat karda, az SHakhrisabz va Quqand yori pursidand. Garchande ki dar in choyho kuvvahoi ziyodi mukobili amir Haydar vuchud doshta boshand ham, onkho nomutashakkilona, ba tavri parokanda amal mekardand. Hujumi Hitoy-Kpchokikho ba Bukhoro niz muvaffakiyat paydo karda natavonistand. Ayonu ashrof baroi kumak ba amir murochiat kardand. Amir Kattakurnro ishol karda, aholiro az dami teg guzarond. Dar natichai parokanda shudani kuvvahoi shurishgaron amir Haydar muvaffak shud, ki soli 1825 mukhimtarin nuktahoi mukovimati shurishro ishol namoyad.
Soli 1842 amiri Bukhoro bar ziddi khonigarii Quqand lashkar kashid. Dar shahr sarbozoni amir ba betartibi va bedodgarihoi ziyode dast zadand. In kirdor gazabi aholiro ba vuchud ovarda, boisi ba amal omadani shurishi khalqi gardid. SHurishgaron hokimoni amirro az Quqand pesh kardand.
Dar avvali asri XIX muborizai sinfi dar nokhiyahoi kukhistoni Tochikistoni imruza tezu tund gardid. Dar ibtidoi solhoi 60-um dekhqononi SHnon, Rushon va Vakhon ba shurish khestand. Ba in shurish SHaykhzodai Rushon rohbari mekard. SHurishgaron markazi beki kalai Vomarro ba dast darovarda, ba sui korgokhi hokimi SHnon kalai Barpancha harakat kardand. SHurishgaron kushuni bekiro shikast doda, boigarii hokimonro dar bayni khud taqsim kardand. SHurish bo yorii kuvvahoi harbii Badakhshon pakhsh karda shud.

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