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CHarayoni Qarmatiya.

Harakati Qarmatiya dar ibtidoi paydoishi khud az sababi khimoya kardani manfiathoi mazlumon: tarfdoroni ziyodro paydo namud. Dar barobari dekhdonon, kosibon, ziyoiyoni taraqkiparvar az kabili Rudaky, Balamy, Firdavsy, Ibni Sino, Nosiri Husrav ba in jarayon payravy namudand.
Asosguzori jarayoni qarmatiya Hamdoni Karmat ba shumor meravad.Muvofiki akhbori Nizomulmulk yake az avvalin tabliotgaroni in talimot Muborak bo khati nafisi « mukarmat» menavisht va u laqabi «Karmatuiyo»-
ro sokhib gardid. Ehtimol nomi «Karmatiya» az hamin jo paydo shudaast. Az jihati oyavy karmatiya ba jarayoni
ismoiliya payvast, bo shia aloqamand va bo mazdakiya mushtarak bud. Karmatiyon molikiyati khususii zaminro inkor mekardand. Bozgasht ba jamoi deharo targib mekardand, lekin nigoh doshtani gulomro tarafdor budand.
Maqsadi nihoii onho jory namudani taqsimoti barobari vositahoi istehsoly khisob meyoft. Ommai khalk ba karmatiya baroi etiroz bar ziddi tartiboti navi feodaly hamroh meshud.
Ashrofi feodaly boshad, dar navbati khud maqsad guzosht, ki in harakatro ziddi hokimiyati markazy istifoda barad.
Dar avval qarmatiyon amaliyoti pinhony meburdand. Badi shurishi gulomon dar Huroson soli 873 tarafdoroni jarayon ba amaliyoti rui rost guzoshtand. Ba shurishi Iroq Hamdon Karmat rohbary mekard. Garchi shurish soli 883 az tarafi khilofat pakhsh shuda boshad, ammo muboriza purra khotima nayoft.
Dar Huroson nehzati Karmatiyon dar viloyathoi Hirot, Gur va Gurjiston dar okhiri davrai Ismoili Somony ruy dod. Dar in shurish 10 hazor nafar odamoni mekhntkash bo sarvarii Abu Bilol shirkat doshtand. Soli 907 shurishgaron muhosira karda shuda, nobud karda shudand. Badtar shurish bo sarvarii voli Hurosoni CHanuby Husayn ibni Alii Marvazy sar shud, va in ba muboriza ba ziddi khokimiyati markazy tabdil yoft. Soli 919 lashkari Somoniyon ba shurish shikast dodand.
Dar Movarounnakhr karmatiyon bo sarvarii Mukhamad Nakhshaby tavonistand, khatto bayni ashrofi balandmaqomi davlat, misli khochibi buzurgi dargokh, raisi devoni mustavfy, raisi Bukhoro, khokimi Ilok va digaron tarafdor paydo kunand. Hudi podshokh Nasri-11 talimoti onkhoro kabul kard.
Ammmo Nuhi- 1 dar bayni dokhili Karmatiyon Nakhshaby va rukhoniyoni mazkhabi sunny munozira tashkil kard, ki rukhoniyon olib omadand, Nakhshaby dar maydoni Bukhoro bv dor kashida shud.
Mukholifoni karmatiya bar ziddi tarafdoroni in raviya chorakhoi amaly didand. Dar naticha odamoni maruf, ki ba in kharakat mayl doshtand, bechazo namondand.
Ba in az takht furovarda shudani Nasri – 11, kur karda shudani Rudaky, az darbor ronda shudani vay, musodira gashtani molu mulkash, ba balo giriftor shudani Balamy, dertar qatl gardidani Daqiqy, ovoragardii Firdavsy, Abuali ibni Sino, Nosiri Husrav va digaron misol shuda metavonad.
Nekhzati karmatiyon dar Huroson dar natichai zaifii voqeii on va zaminai ustuvori ichtimoy nadoshtanash, az doirakhoi khukmroni khukumati Somoniyon, rukhoniyoni
bonufuzi mutakid va gvardiyai turki darbor shikast khurd. In talimot inkiroz yoft va choyashro talimoti ismoiliyon ivaz namud.

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JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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