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CHaro Hajj mekunem va mavqei on dar Islom

MAROSIMI HAJJ. Hajji khonai Hudo Kaba, ki dar shahri Makka ast yake az arkoni islom buda, ba mardi boligu oqil va ozodu muslim ba sharte, ki sihatu qudratu imkonoti molii safarro doshta boshad va to rafta bargashtan kasone, ki dar nafaqai uyand az volidaynu zanu farzand nafaqa va amniyat doshta boshand, tavsiya shudaast. Dar surati vujudi chunin sharoit hajji khonai Hudo baroi mumin haddi aqal yak bor dar umr farz ast.

Dar islom Kaba va sangi siyoh (hajarul-asvad) sh a o i r i Hudo meboshand. Dar Quron omada ast: “Har ki tazim ba alomatho (shaoyir)-i Alloh kunad, pas in tazim az taqvo va parhezgari ast” (Q.22:32). Manii “shaoyir”jami “shaira” alomat yo marosim ast. Pas har chize, ki az didani on Hudo yod oyad az shaoyiri Alloh ast. Ulamo ba chahor shaoiri asosii Hudo: Quron, Kaba, nabi va namoz (salot) ishora kardaand.

Hajj dar mohi Zulhajja barguzor meshavad va doroi yak qator manosik, az jumla: tavof (gashtan dar atrof)-i khonai Kaba va ziyorat va lamsi sangi siyoh, raftan ba vodii Mino va Muzdalaf va Arafot va baromadan ba kuhi Arafot, sang partoftan dar vodii Mino ba shayton, ki muvofiqi rivoyot, hangomi ba qasdi qurboni burdani Ismoil tavassuti padarash Ibrohim, Ismoilro vasvasa kardan mekhost. Inchunin haft bor davidan bayni Safo va Maruva. Va nihoyat ruzi dahumi Zul-hijja, bad az sang partoftan ba Iblis, khojiyon qurboni mekunand va in ruz ruzi idi Qurbon ast.

hajMarosimi hajj, chunon ki guftem, qabl az islom dar dini qadimai bisyorkhudoi-butparastii arabho niz joy dosht va khonai Kaba hanuz dar davrai johiliya bayni arabho chun khonai khudoyon -beytil maruf bud va arob har sol onro ziyorat mekardand. Ammo dar Quron khonai Hudo- Kabaro dar surai “Oli Imron” hamchun avvalin khonae, ki baroi makoni ibodati mardum bino shuda va rohnamoe baroi olamiyon, hamchun maqomi Ibrohim va makoni amn baroi kasone, ki ba on dokhil meshavand muarrifi va hajji onro baroi onhoe, ki qudratu tavonoi dorand farz elom kard.\Q. 3:96-97\ Dar hamin sura Ibrohmi khalilulloh avvalin payravi dini hanif yaktoparasti va bunyodguzori khonai Kaba shinosoi shudaast. Dar hamin zamina rivoyoti islomi paydoishi khonai Kaba, chashmai Zam-zam va yak qator manosiki digari hajjro (masalan, davidan bayni Marva va Safo, sang andokhtan ba Iblis\ shayton\ , qurboni va g-ro) bo havodisi zindagii Ibrohim, kanizzani u Hojar va farzandash Ismoil vobasta kardaand. Marosimi navi hajj bad az fathi Makka- dar solhoi hashtum to dahumi hijrat bo okhirin hajji Payombar (s)- “hajji vido” barqaror va rasmiyat yoft.

Hajj hamchun yak marosimi hamrayi va hamdilii musalmonon, vositai barqarorii aloqa, vahdati millathoi gunogun va barobarii hamai tabaqot va insonho, sarfi nazar az rangi pustu najod, maqomu martaba, doroi va gayra naqshi khelo sozandae doshta va dorad.

Inhoyand marosimhoi asosii mazhabii islom, ki dar Quronu sunna va kutubi marufi shari omadaand va dar borai barguzorii onho besh az hama tavajjuh shudaast. Ammo dar bayni musalmonon marosimhoe niz hastand, ki dar shariati islom dar borai juziyoti on, farziyati barguzorii onho, haddi aqal dar shakli imruzaashon, chize gufta nashudaast. YAke az chunin marosimho masalan kh a t n a, onro sunnati muakkida meshumorad, vale dar borai marosimi on (az qabili jashnu tuyhoe dar martabai gunogun va rasmu rusumi in qabil marakaho) dar sarchashmahoi islom, alalkhusus Quron chize gufta nashudaast. In marosimi islomi- aniqtarash in ananai qadimai khalqhoi somi dar bayni musalmononi mo bo ananahoi mahallii qabl az islomi va yo rasmu rusumhoi nav omekhta shuda, az jihati marosimi az islom nihoyat dur gardida, dar barobari in qarib ki nishonai asosii musalmoni va musalmon budan ba shumor meravad.

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