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DINHOI DAVRAI OGOZI TAMADDUN

Marhilai navin dar tarikhi rushdu takomul va tahavvuli manaviyu mazhabii insoniyat, hamzamon bo ogozi tarikh va paydoishi tamaddun ast. On davrai guzarish ba zindagi shahrnishini, tashakuli sokhtorhoi ijtimoiyu siyosi jamiyati, paydoishu rushdi ilmu farhang bud. Odamon az jumlai khalqhoi peshraftayu mutamaddini boston pas az guzashti muntazam dar az zinai zindagii qabilaviyu avlodi va badaviyu gornishini ba sokhti sozmonyoftai davlatiyu saltanati va tashkili hukumatho va davlatho rasidaand. Hamzamon bo in tahavvulu gardish dar tasavvurothoi diniyu mazhabi va oyinhoi onho niz tagirotu tahavvuloti qobili tavajjuhe ba vujud omad. In hama ba guzarish az tajassumi tabiat (dinhoi tabii) ba tajassumi hayoti ijtimoi, parastishi khudoyoni shakhsiyatyofta dar- dinhoi bisyorkhudoi (poleteisti) va paydoishi dinhoi milliyu davlati, hamchun shakli navi tarikhii din, sabab gardid.

Avvalin tamaddunhoi bostoni, ki in peshraviro az sar guzaronidaand tamadduni misri, bobili, yunoni, eroni, hinduiyu chini meboshand.

Az oshnoi bo tasavvuroti dini va mazhabii in tamaddunho kamash se hadafro dar maddi nazar dorem:

  1. YAke muayyan namudani chigunagii angezaho, ravandho, sunnatho va qonuniyathoi tahavvuli goyavii dinho az dinhoi tabii (naturali) to dinhoi khudomarkazi (ruhoni) va az dinhoi qabilavi- avlodi to dinhoi milliyu davlati va az dinhoi bisyorkhudoi (politeisti) to dinhoi tavhidi (monoteisti)
  2. Soniyan, paydo kardani umumiyati asli hadafu goyati farhangiyu manavii insoniyat bo vujudi gunogunii zohirii parastishho
  3. Seyum, nishon dodani naqshi dinho dar paydoish va peshrafti tamadduni bashari.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

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