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DINHOI GAYRISUNNATI

Az nimai duyumi asri XIX to imruz dar jahon chandin dinhoi ba istiloh gayrisunnati ba vujud omadand. Asri HH niz az nahzatho va harakathoi dini va khudojuiho ori nabud. Dar sharoiti imruza in dinhoi gayrisunnati yo «dinhoi navbunyod» va yo «dinhoi gayriananavi» dar bisyore az kishvarhoi garbiyu sharqi payravoni khudro az tariqi tabligu havasmandkunihoi gunogun afzuda istodaand. Illati asosii paydoishi in guna dinho on buhroni manaviyu mazhabiest, ki der boz kishvarhoi sarmoyadorii garbiro faro giriftaast. Az tarafi digar justu jui on chunon shakli mazhabiest, ki javobgu ba khususiyati asri nav va muvofiq ba niyozhoi imruzai javonon boshad.

In dinho kushishhoi az had ziyode dar rohi afzudani payravoni khud az tariqi tablig va irsoli muballigon ba hamai kishvarhoi jahon va ham bo rohhoi kumakhoi puliyu moli, tibbivu farhangi va g-ra karda istodaand.

Hususiyot va navhoi dinhoi gayrisunnati. Mo dar bobhoi guzashta dar zaminai dinhoi sunnati paydoishi raviyavu firqaho, jarayonho va nahzathoro didem va in ham malum shud, ki hamai dinho pas az paydoishi khud bar asari ikhtilofhoi siyosi, aqidavi va mazhabi ba in holat duchor shuda, vahdati dokhilii khudro az dast medihand. Vale bo vujudi in har yake firqai navi khudro az digare vafodortar ba on din meshumorand, az in ru iddaoi dini nav budanro namekunand va hamai jazmiyoti asosii on dinro qabul dorand. Ammo dinhoi gayrisunnati boshand, har chand bazei onho dar zaminai dinhoi sunnati ba vujud omadaand, davii dininav budan, davii nubuvvatva daryoftivahiyro dorand. In dar hole, ki dinhoi sunnati in bidathoro qabul nadorand. Masalan, dini islom paygambari khud Muhammadro «hotamul- anbiyo», – muhri anjomi nubuvvat khondaast va hej kasero, ki bad az Muhammad davii paygambari mekunad, qabul nadorad.

Ba har surat paydoishi dinhoi gayrisunnati dalolat bar on mekunand, ki hanuz mayli fitratjuyi, haqiqatjuyi va khudojuii insoniyat khotima nayoftaast, peshrafti ilmiyu tekhnolujii asri XX natavonista, ba niyozhoi ruhivu manavii insoniyat purra javobguy boshad. Az suyi digar, buhroni manaviyu akhloqi, sathi ruzafzuni jinoyat, fasodi ijtimoi, nobarobariho, jangu nizohoi siyosi va dar nihoyat initofnopaziri, taqlidu kuhnaparastii dinhoi sunnati, qobiliyati muvofiq shudan bo sharoiti zamonu tamadduni nav nadoshtani onho zaminaro baroi paydoishi dinhoi gayrisunnati omoda sokhtaand.

Dinhoi gayri sunnatiro shartan dar dinshinosi ba panj guruh taqsim kardaand.[1]

  1. Dinhoi navi zaminai sharqidoshta, chun: «Dini bahoi», «Jamiyati SHuuri Krishna», « Markazi dzenbuddizmi uqyonusioromi », « Risolati Nuri Ilohi»i Makharay Dji, « Meditasiyai movaroutabii» va gra. In dinho resha dar SHarq dorand va aksaran shaklhoi gunoguni islohu tajdidshuda yo khud omekhtae az dinhoi hinduiya, buddizm va islom va irfoni islomi meboshand. Talimothoi navhinduiya va navbuddoiya chun irfoni islomi rohi zuhdu irfonii najot(maksha), furu raftan dar khud, muroqiba va tafakkuri botiniro targib mekunand.
  2. Sozmonhoi mazhabii navmasehiyat – « Majmai kalisoi), «Farzandoni Hudo», «Kalisoi tani Maseho». Talimoti in mazhabho omekhtae az unsurhoi nasroni va dinhoi sharqi buda, khususiyati sinkretiki dorand, Asosi davati onhoro takid ba qaribii okhirat, iddaoi nubuvvat va risolati ilohi, iblogi vahy va arzishhoi akhloqii nav tashkil mekunad.

3.Raviyavu mazhabhoi ilmshinosi (Sayentologi)- chun «Kalisoi sayentologi», «dinhoi kayhoni» (chun « Jamiyati Aetarius»), ki bar poyai etiqod ba robitai Zamin bo quvvahoi olii kayhoni va « aqli kayhoni» asos yoftaand.

4.Magiya-sehru jodu va ruhgaroii nav, dar barobari sohiriyu kohini, folbini va shamanizmi kuhna dar okhiri qarni 20 ru ba afzoish guzoshtaand. Ru ovardan ba ramalu sohiri, ba folbinu kohin khud nishonai zafi jomia, nobovarii inson ba aqlu ilm va buhroni ijtimoiyu iqtisodi meboshad.

  1. SHaytonparaston (satanizm), guruhhoi mazhabie meboshand, ki badivu sharro sitoish va payvastan bo shaytonu devro targib mekunand.

[1]   Nigr.Osnovi religiovedeniya . 2-e izd., – S. 261-262.

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