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DINI YAHUDIYA

Dini yahudiya yake az dinhoi yaktoparasti-tavhidii milliyu davlaty buda, ba guruhi dinhoi somy taalluq dorad. Hama payravoni in din az millati yahud (onhoro ibroniyony va banni isroyil niz menomand) meboshand. YAhudiya az avvalin dini tavhidi dar bayni dinhoi somy ast.

Ibroniyon, chunon ki tarikh shahodat medihad, az najodi somy buda. Misli aqvomi digari somi dar ibtido, zindagii kuchi va bodiyanishini doshtaand. Muvofiqi tahqiqothoi okhirin ravshan shudaast, Ibrohim (Avraam), ki yahudiyon va arob vayro nazdiktarin asosguzori ajdodi khud meshumorand, shakhsi tarikhi meboshad.

iudaizmMuvofiqi khabari sarchashmahoi yahudiya, Ibrohim bo qabilai khud az mahalli UR- poinobi rudi Frot, az sarzamini BobilBaynannahrayn baromada, ba Kanon(Hanaan) va az on jo ba Misr kuch bastaast \Hasti.15:7\. In hodisa dar nimai avvali hazorsolai du (1700)-i qabl az melod surat megirad. Muvofiqi Tavrot Ibrohim va barodarash Lut pas az muddate iqomat dar Misr ba Kanon FalastinuUrduni imruza barmegardand.

Bori duyum muvofiqi malumoti Tavrot dar davrai ba vazorat rasidani YUsuf pisari YAqub, ki pas az hodisai ba choh andakhtani u az tarafi barodaronash va rahoi ba in kishvar omada bud, boz yahudiyon ba Misr muhojirat

musoSHoyad shumori Bani Isroil dar Misr khele ziyod megardad, ki misriyon dar fikri jilavgiri az afzoishi nufuzu sarshumori onho meaftand. In davra ba davrai saltanati firavn Ramsesi II rost meoyad, ki vaymarde devonamijoz buda, shavqi ziyode ba sokhtumoni binohoi azimu shahrhoi buzurg, tasisi mabadho va ahromhoi bohashamatro doshta ast. U dar sokhtumoni in inshootho az quvvai yahudiyon istifoda namuda, ba onho zulmu istibdodi ziyode ravo medidaast. Zuhur va risolati Muso dar hamin davra ba vuqu mepayvandad.

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DINI BAHOIYA

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