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DINI HINDUIYA

Parastishho va etiqodhoi asri vedoy. Az navi bovarii davrai tooriyoy hinduvon mutaassifona hej guna osore boqy namondaast. Asli dinu oini[1] onho daqiq malum nest. Asosan on chize, ki az oini bostonii Hinduston malum ast, ba tamadduni bady tamadduni hindu oriyoy mansub ast.

ramayana

Taqriban az nimai duyumi hazorai duyum qabl az milod mardume az kuchihoi Osiyoi Markazy, ki khudro oriyoy (yo oriyony) menomidand ba qismathoi shimolii sohili rudi Hind vorid gardida, tamadduni navero asos guzoshtand. Dar hamin davra asosi avvalin navishtajoti khattii hinduvoni oriyoi hammosaho va jangnomaho, ki badan dar du kitob Ramayany va Makhabkharaty jamovari shudaand, ba vujud meoyand. Badtar matnho va surudhoi mazhabi Vedho ba miyon omadand, ki dar chahor kitob: RigVeda, SamaVeda, YAjurVeda, AtharVeda girdovary shudaand: Vedho az navishtahoi muqaddasi hinduvon, vahyi munzal (yo ilhomi khudovand) Suruty– «shunidashuda» ba hisob meravand.

Rigveda az hama muhimtarin kitobi Vedho majmuae az ashori mazhabi meboshad va dar 10 jild hududi asri 8-umi t.m. girdovary shudaast. Ahamiyati tarikhiyu farhangy va ilmii in kitob dar on ast, ki mo az on haddi aqal hamchun sarchashmai zabonhoi khalqhoi oriyoy, osori tarikhivu adabii hindy va nihoyat sarchashmai dinivu mazhabii oriyoii qadim malumoti farovone ba dast meorem. Masalan, az nomhoi khudoyoni qadimai khalqhoi khinduavrupoy, ki dar Vedho omadaand ismi Hudo-Padari osmon (Devus-Pitar), bo Zevus (+ Piter)i yunony va Ju- Piteri (YUpiteri) rumi az yak reshaand va hamchunin Pritiva- Matar – khudoi zamin bo GayaMatar yunony va khudoi Mitra, ki eroniyon niz Mitra yo «Mehr» az yak resha meboshand va dar nazdi hama qavmhoi oriyoni maruf budaand. Mitra dar ogoz khudoi Oftob ba shumor meraftaast.

[1]   Dar zaboni hindi kalimai «din» nest, induizmro niz avrupoiyon fikr kardaand, khudi hinduyon dini khudro «dkharma»-qonun, qarz, poya…» menomand.

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DINI BAHOIYA

Bahoiya yake az junbishhoi mazhabii nimai duyumi asri XIX dar Eron ast, ki badan khudro …