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Davroni tahsili Imom Abuhanifa (r)

Vay dar khonavodai musalmon, botaqvo, sarvatmand va sakhovatmand parvarish yoft va chunin ba nazar merasad, ki yagona farzandi padar va modarash budaast. Padarash dar Kufa ba porchafurushi ishtigol dosht. Imom Abuhanifa (r) ibtido ba ilmi usuli din ruy ovard va bo kasone, ki az roh va aqidai salafi soleh khorij va gumroh shuda budand, ba munoqisha pardokht. Ba hamin khotir 27 bor voridi Basra shud, to ki ittihomot va shubhahoero, ki ba shariati Islom chasponida budand, az on dur namoyad va Islomi haqiqiro baroi mardum bayon kunad. Bo Jahm ibni Safvon – sarvari gumrohon va bo mulhidonu mutazila va khavoriju rofizihoi tundrav ba munoqisha pardokht va onhoro mahkum kard.images-2
Zufar, ki yake az shogirdoni Imom Abuhanifa (r) meboshad, sababi ruy ovardani uro ba fiqh az zaboni khudash chunin bayon mekunad: «Dar ilmi kalom ba darajae rasida budam, ki zabonzadi ommu khos shudam. Halqai darsii mo dar nazdikii halqai darsii Hammod ibni Abusulaymon bud. Ruze zane az man suol kard, ki marde mekhohad zanashro bar asosi sunnat taloq dihad, uro chand taloq medihad? Az u khostam, ki az Hammod suol karda va maro az javobi masala ogoh sozad. Hammod ba u gufta bud: «Boyad zan az odati mohona pok boshad va shavharash bo u hamkhobi nakunad, pas uro yak taloq bidihad, bad az du hayzi digar (ki dar majmu se bor odati mohonaro pushti sar kardaast,) gusl karda, metavonad shavhar kunad». Imom Abuhanifa (r) meguyad: «Bad az on ilmi kalomro raho karda, ba halqai darsii Hammod raftam va ba khotiri khub fahmidani darshoyash va javobi durust dodan, mavridi ehtiromi Hammod qaror giriftam».
Imom Abuhanifa (r) ba afkor va andeshahoi fiqhii Hammod ruy ovarda, az shogirdoni mumtozi vay shud, az in khotir, Hammod uro sadri halqai darsii khud menishond. Raftori u bo ustodash Hammod ham joi taajjub va taammul meboshad. Masalan, pushti dari khonai ustodash menishast, to in ki ustodash az khona khorij shavad va az u savol kunad va yo ehtiyojoti uro barovarda sozad. Muddati 18 sol ba in surat dar musohibati ustodash bud, to in ki Hammod vafot yoft va shogirdonash Imom Abuhanifa (r)-ro ba jonishinii Hammod intikhob kardand. Imom Abuhanifa (r) meguyad: «Az zamone ki Hammod vafot yoft, har namoze, ki meguzoram, az Hudovand baroi padaram va ustodam Hammod talabi magfirat mekunam va man baroi kase, ki chize az u yod giriftaam va yo chize ba u yod dodam, talabi magfirat mekunam».

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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