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FALSAFAI MASEHI (skholastika)

Dini nasroni niz chun dinhoi digari jahoni doroi maktabi falsafai khose meboshad.

Metavon poyaguzori falsafai ilohii nasroniro Avgustini Said ( Avreliy ) (354-430 m.) nomid. Falsafai ilohii nasroniyat dar zaminai sintezi falsafai navaflotuni va sarchashmahoi mazhabii yahudivu nasroni alalkhusus Bibliya tashakkul yoftaast. Avgustin dar tamomi tuli quruni vusto to zuhuri Fomai Akvini dar umuri dini va falsafi marjai taqlid bud.

sloxastikaFoma Akvini (Akvinskiy) (12251274) dar tarikhi afkori falsafai ilohii nasroni nakhustshakhse bud, ki kushidaast to mobayni aql va vahy (falsafa va ilmi lohut), mobayni Arastu va Maseh sozish barqaror kunad. Dar in roh kushishi u bar on budaast, to nishon dihad, ki aql va imon martabakho va zinahoi mukhtalifi yak amrand va yakdigarro takmil mekunand.

Hulosa, natijai kushishi Foma Akvini on bud, ki bayni mantiqu vahy, aqlu imon, ilmi falsafa va ilmi ilohi sozish barqaror kunad va onhoro muhtoj ba yakdigar nishon dihad.

Foma Akvini dar tarikhi falsafai Garb, az jumla dar falsafai navini Avrupo tasiri ziyode guzoshtaast. Az asri H1H to imruz raviyai neotomizm dar in kishvarho payravoni ziyode paydo kadaast.

Dar tashakkuli falsafai ilohii nasroni ba gayr az in du nafar boz shakhsiyathoe chun Anselmi Konterberi, Alberti Buzurg, Isann Dimishq va digaron naqshi ziyode guzoshtaand.

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