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Fahmu darki Imom Abuhanifa (r) va ehtirom guzoshtan ba hadisi Payombar (s)

Imom Abuhanifa (r) mashhur ba ijtihodu fiqh va rayu qiyos meboshad, to on joe, ki Imom SHofei meguyad: «Mardum dar qiyos niyozmandi Imom Abuhanifa meboshand». Pas hangome ki fiqh zikr meshavad, Imom Abuhanifa (r) ham monandi kuhi ustuvor va sar ba falak kashida meboshad. Imom Zahabi meguyad: «Imomat dar fiqh va masoili daqiqi on ba Imom Abuhanifa (r) merasad va hej guna shakke ham dar on nest».
Va laysa yasihhu fil-azhoni shayun,
Izahtoja-n-nahoru ilo dalilin.images-5
Bo in darajai ilmi Imom Abuhanifa (r) hej goh sukhani khud va yo gayrro bar hadisi Rasululloh (s) bartar namedonist va meguyad:
«On chi ki az Rasululloh (s) ba mo birasad, bar saru chashmi khud meguzorem va padaru modaram fidoi Rasululloh (s) bod va haqqi mukholifat bo Rasululloh (s) nadorem va dar mavridi aqvoli sahoba haqqi intikhobi sukhani onhoro dorem, ammo gayr az sahoba, pas onho doroi ray hastand va mo ham doroi ray meboshem».
Tarikh in voqearo rivoyat mekunad, ki Abujafari Mansur ba Imom Abuhanifa (r) navisht: «Ba man chunin khabar rasida, ki qiyosro bar hadisi Rasululloh (s) muqaddam meshumori?». Imom Abuhanifa (r) dar javobi u navisht: «Ey amirulmuminin, khabar in chunin nest, ki ba shumo rasidaast, ibtido ba kitobi Hudovand amal mekunem, sipas ba sunnati Rasululloh (s), sipas ba fatvohoi Abubakru Umar va Usmonu Ali (r), sipas ba fatvohoi digar sahoba va hangome ki sahoba dar masalae bo ham ikhtilof kardand, az qiyos istifoda mekunem va bayni Hudovand va bandagonash hej guna nisbat va kheshovandi vujud nadorad».
Ibni Abdulbar dar kitobi «Al-intiqo» bobi khosse dar mavridi zakovat va tezhushii Imom Abuhanifa (r) nigoshta, az Hasan ibni Ziyodi Lului naql mekunad, ki zani devonae ba nomi Ummi Imron ba shakhse guft: «Ey pisari du zinokor». Ibni Abulaylo on jo bud, dastur dod uro ba masjid ovarda va du haddi shari, ki yak haddi on baroi padari shakhs va haddi digar baroi modarash bud, bar u ijro kardand. CHun in khabar ba Abuhanifa (r) rasid, guft: «Az shash jihat ishtiboh kardaand:
Bar devona had ijro nameshavad.
Dar masjid had ijro nameshavad.
Uro dar holi istoda had zadand, dar hole ki meboist zanonro dar holati nishasta had zad.
Bar u du had ijro kardaast, dar hole ki agar shakhse ba qavme tuhmat bizanad, tanho bar u yak had ijro meshavad.
Bar u dar hole had ijro kardaast, ki padar va modari on shakhs goib hastand va boyad bo huzuri on du ijro meshud, zero had dar huzuri kase, ki shikoyat kardaast, ijro meshavad.
Du hadro yak marotiba ijro kardaast, dar surate, ki chun bar kase du had vojib boshad, boyad asari haddi avval az bayn biravad, pas haddi digar bar u ijro shavad.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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