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Fathi Makka az tarafi Muhammad

Dar zimistoni soli 630 m., soli hashtumi hijri, Muhammad(s) bo hazor nafar lashkari islom ba tarafi Makka ruy ovard. Ahli Makka ibtido mukhtasar muqovimat nishon dodand, ki be zahmate shikasta shud. Muhammad (s) 23-yumi yanvar soli 630 m ba Makka dokhil gasht. Fathi Makka khele orom guzasht. SHahr, misli sunnathoi lashkarkashon, toroj nagardid, tanho butho shikasta, butho va ibodatgohhoi berun az Makka vayron karda shudand. Pas az fathi Makka du gazoi digar dar Hunayn va Toyif rukh dod, ki avvali ba osoni torumor va duvvumin badi mukhosirai tuloni ba taviq guzoshta shud va badan be jang khud taslim gardidand.

makaTaslim gardidani Makka galabai qatii siyosiyu harbii Muhammad (s) va sipohi islom bud. Hamin tavr minbad yake pas az digar qaboili arab bo rohi jang va yo osoishta ba hokimiyati siyosii nav va dini nav taslim shudand.

Soli 631 Muhammad(s) ba sarfarmondehii sipohi azime ba sui sarhadi arabu Vizantiya (Suriyai imruza) harakat mekunad. Vale u chunon.ki az sarchashmaho malum ast, pas az dah ruz dar vodii sarhadii Tabuk tavaqquf kardan, amaliyoti harbie ogoz nakarda ba Madina barmegardad. Dar in safar ahli boshishgohhoi nasronii arab zamonati himoyati Muhammad(s) va ozodii etiqodro bo qabuli uhdadori dar mavridi pardokhti khiroj ba dast ovardand. YAhudiyon niz dast az muboriza bardoshtand.

Soli 632 (soli 10-umi hijri) Mukhammad ozimi avvalin va okhirin ziyorat, hajji islomii “Honai Hudo” Kaba meshavad. In hajj badan “Hajji vido” nomida shud. Payombari islom (s) bad az anjomi hajj Muhammad (s) bo hamrohonash ba Madina barmegardad, bad az se mohi hamon sol U az iltihbi pardai shush dar sinni 63 solagi vafot kard.

Dar tuli dah soli zindagii khud dar Madina Payombari islom Mukhammad(s) siyu hasht siriya- jangho biduni ishtiroki shakhsii u va bistu khaft gazo (jang bo ishtiroki shakhsiyu bevlsitai u), baroi barqarorii islom tadoruk didaast. Dar in bayn nuh gazovat (Badr, Uhud, Handaq, Qureyza, Mustalik, Haybar, Fathi Makka, Hunayn va Toyif) az janghoi buzurgi sarnavishtsoz budaand. In muqaddima zarfiyat va havsalai bayoni mufassali amaliyotkhoi harbii Pambari islo(s) va raftori u va musalmonon dar in korzorhoro nadorad, mo nametavonem beshtar az on chi gufta shud chize ilova kunem, vale omuzishi tarikhi futuhot-kishvarkushoihoi nizomiyu siyosii islom khele zarur ast. Buduni omuzishi in jihati tarikhi islom shinokhti khudi islom purra va kifoya nakhohad bud. Gazovoti sadri islom, yane zamoni Payombar(s) pur az darshoi omuzishii akhloqivu manavi, darsi adlu insof, guzashtu bakhshish va shahomatu mardonagi ast.

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