Home / Ilm / INQILOBI OKTYABR VA ISHTIROOK HIZBHOI SIESI, HARAKATHOI MARDUMI DAR BARPO VA MUSTAHKAM NAMUDANI HOKIMIYATI SHURAVI DAR TOJIKISTON

INQILOBI OKTYABR VA ISHTIROOK HIZBHOI SIESI, HARAKATHOI MARDUMI DAR BARPO VA MUSTAHKAM NAMUDANI HOKIMIYATI SHURAVI DAR TOJIKISTON

Dar Russiya dar nimai duyumi soli 1917 vaziyat nihoyat vaznin shud. Burjuaziya qaror dod, ki kushodu ravshan amal kunad. 2-iyun yakchand vaziron ba istefo baromadand. Burjuaziya umed dosht, ki in tagyirotro baroi ustuvor gardondani hokimiyati khud istifoda barad. Lekin kushishhoi hukumati muvaqqati doir ba etidol ovardani vaziyat naticha nadodand. Dar mamlakat bahsu taloshho baroi hokimiyat dar bayni hizbu sozmonho shiddat yoft va in ba on ovarda rasond, ki fishanghoi hokimiyat falach shudand.
Bolshevikon vaziyati ba amal omadai siyosiro ba nazar girifta qaror dodand, ki bo rokhi osoishta ba dasti SHuroho guzashtani hokimiyati reali mavchud ast. Baroi hamin ba SHuroi namoyandagoni korgaron takya namuda shiori «Tamomi hokimiyat ba SHuroho» – ro ba miyon guzoshtand. Anchani I- SHurohoi deputatkhoi korgaron va askaron mohi iyuni soli 1917 imkoniyat dosht, ki masalai hokmiyatro ba foidai sovetho hal namoyad. Lekin bo munosibati sozishkoronai menshevikon va esserho, ki dar sovetho aksariyat doshtand, az in imkoniyat istifoda burda nashud. Onho chunin aqida doshtand, ki masalai hokimiyat vakolati machlisi muassison meboshand.
Bolshevikon baroi ba dast darovardani aksariyat dar sovetho faoliyat burdand, lekin imkoniyati bo rohi osoishta ba dast ovardani hokimiyat ayriimkon gardid. Bo qarori anchani VI sotsial-demokratii korgarii Rossiya, ki mohi iyul avgusti soli 1917 barguzor gardid, shiori tamomi hokimiyat ba «SHurho» muvaqqatan az miyon bardoshta shud. In manoi dast kashidan az sovetho hamchun organhoi davlatiro nadosht. Maqsad az nav intikhob kardani SHurohoro dosht.
Sezdi VI RSDRP ba vaziyat baho doda rohi guzaronidani shurishi musallakhonaro pesh girift. Dar aksariyati shahrhoi sanoati SHuroho tarafdori bolshevikon budand. Makhsusan, dar Petrograd bolshevikon SHuroi namoyandagoni korgaron va askarhoro ba dasti khud darovarda ba hukumati muvaqqati fishor ovardand.
25-umi oktyabri soli 1917, dar Petrograd shurishi musallahona ooz yoft. Vaqte, ki shurish idoma dosht, Anchumani duyumi SHuroi umumirusiyagii deputathoi korgaron va askarho kushoda shud. To sahari barvaqt muassisahoi davlati va nuqtahoi asosii shahri Petrograd ba dasti shurishgaron guzashtand. Anchani II umumirusiyagi, ki dar kori on 625 vakil ishtirok doshtand, masalahoi muhimtarinro muhokima namud.
Dar sezd murochiatnoma ba tamomi shahrvandoni mamlakat khonda shud, ki dar on gufta meshud: «Ba irodai aksariyati kulli korgaron, askarho va dekhqonon takya karda, ba alabai shurishi korgaron va garnizon, ki dar Petrograd ba amal omad, takya karda, sezd hokimiyatro ba dasti khud megirad».
Menshivikon va esserkhoi rost hokimiyati SHuraviro etirof nakarda, az tolori sezd baromada raftand. Esserhoi chap ba tarafdorii ba SHuroho guzashtani hokimiyat ovoz dodand. Mekshivikon boshand ba hayati khukumat dokhil shudanro rad kardand.
Dar sezd dar borai sulh va zamin dekrethoi avvalini hokimiyati SHuravi kabul karda shudand. Dar dekretai sulh sezd changi davomkarda istodaro chinoyat khisob karda ba hamai khalkdoi mamlakathoi changkunanda murochiat kard, ki favran baroi bastani sulkhi umumi va demokrati guftu shunid sar kunand.
Dar dekreti zamin gufta meshud, «Molikiyati pomeshiki zamin favran bekor karda meshavad. Mulhoi pomeshikon, zaminhoi udeli, monastri, kalisoi bo tamomi ashyoyu anchom ba ikhtiyori komitetkhoi zamin va sovethoi deputathoi dekhdonon meguzashtand. Zaminhoi dekhdononi oddi musodira karda nameshavand».
Huquqi molikiyati khususi budani zamin bekor karda shuda, zamin ba molikiyati davlati umumikhalqi tabdil meyobad.
Hayati navi komiteti ichroiyai markazii umumirusiyagi intikhob gardida – SHuroi komissaroni khalki tashkil karda shud.

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