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MAROSIMHOI YAHUDIYA (Juhudho)

Dar kitobi duvvumi Tavrot ( «Huruj. 23: 12-17 ) omadaast: «SHash ruz korhoyatonro kuned, va dar ruzi haftum orom gired. Se bor dar sol id kuned. Idi fatirro rioya namo: haft ruz, chunon ki ba tu amr farmudaam, dar vakti muayyani mohi abib fatir bikhur, chun ki dar on (moh) tu az Misr berun omady: nazdi man bo dasti kholi naoed, (yanekurbonyoredA.SH.) Idi hosili avvalro niz nazar kuned… \Huruj. 23:12- 17\

Hamin tavr, marosimhoi asosii YAhudiya in mukaddas donistani ruzi shanbe va hej kore nakardan dar on, se id: idi ruzai fatir, ba munosibati berun omadan az asorati Misr; idi hosilot va idi tahvili sol yo khud idi Iom-kipur.

Tabiist, ki bo mururi zamon idu marosimhoi yahudiya tagyir yofta, vobasta ba sharoiti zindagii navi onho, tagyiri mohiyat kardaand. Holo chunin idho nazdi bani Isroil kayd karda meshavand:

israel-western-wallIdi fash (yo fatir) dar ruzi 14 mohi avvali mukaddas (Abib)-okhirhoi mohi mart yo avvali mohi aprel barguzor meshavad. On jashni solgardi tavalludi kavmi Isroil donista meshavad. Dar on muddati yak hafta noni benamak (fatir) masraf mekunad. Az in ru onro (idi fatir) niz menomand.

Dar ruzi panjohumi SHobout, yane «Jashni haftaho» merasad, onro «Idikhamsin» niz meguyand. onro hamchun shukronai nuzuli Tavrot dar kuhi Turi Sino jashn megirand.

Idi digar Rosh khatana- idi karnayho dar avvali mohi mukaddas Tishri- sentyabr yo avalhoi oktyabr darmerasad. Pas az 10 ruzi idi Rosh- khatana ( 10 Tishri) idi kafforai «Yamu Kipur» darmerasad.

Ba dunboli in az 15 to 22 mohi mukaddas Tishri-( Sentyabr-Oktyabr) idi Kushey (SHaloshey)- jamovarii hosilot shuru meshavad.

CHuninand idho va marosimhoi asosii YAhudiya.

Dini YAhudiya niz dar tuli zamon ba tahavvul va ikhtilofhoi dokhily muvojeh gardida, ba firkaho taksim gardidaast, firkahoi marufi on sadukiyon, forsiyon, karoim, kharudiyon, essenho meboshand.

Dar zamoni hozira az jumlai firqa va ahzobi siyosi marufi yahudiya saykhunizm (sionizm) meboshad. Goyai tashkili yak davlati YAhudi dar Falastin dar ogoz va siyosathoi tavsiatalabii imruzai az hamin firqai sayhunisti sarchashma giriftaast va megirad.

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TALIMOTI MAZDAK

Moni talim medod, ki jahon natijai asorati nur /ravon/ dar zindoni zulmat /modda/ ba vujud …