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MAROSIMHOI ZARDUSHTIYA

Nakhustmarosimi zardushtiya ba munosibati ba balogat rasidani javon ast va yake az muhimtarin rasmiyati on bastani «kushty» (av. ayvyongahan), kamarbandi dinii khose (,ki az haftodu du nakh, az pashmi gusfandi safed az shash rishtai duvozdahnakhy) dar se halqa va bo chahor gireh dutogy az peshu aqib meboshad. In hama ramze dorad. Az jumla sebor pechonand yo bastani resmon ramzest az asli pindori nek, guftori nek, kirdori nek. Jashni kushtibandy yake az abuzurgtarin ruydodhoi zindagii har yak zardushty ast.

Halqhoi erony dar davrahoi qabl az Zardusht se vaqt ibodat mekardand. Zardusht ba in se vaqt ibodat, ki sahar /khavany/ va bad az nisfiruz /ujayara/ va shabongoh /avistura/ barguzor meshud, boz du vaqti digar /rapitva/ — nisfiruzy, digar nisfi shab /usha/- ro ilova kard. Hamin tavr, namozi panjvaqtai harruza vazifai hatmii har yak payravi Zardusht meboshad.

Marosimi namoz avval az pok kardani khud, yane tahorat, shustushui dastu ruy va poy bad kamarband /kusti/ ro kushoda bo du dast onro dar peshi khud nigah medorad, bo chunin khayole, ki guyo dar nazdi ofaridgor ast. Nigohi u ba otash – chun ba ramzi rostkory dukhta shudaast. Dindor dar hini namoz Ahuromazdoro sitoish va Ahrimanro lanat mekhonad. Sipas vay boz kamarbandashro basta namozro idoma medihad. Hamin tavr in amal chand bor takror meshavad.

Az jumlai marosimhoi zardushtiya haft idi ust. Hamai idhoi Zardushtiya bo taqvimhoi dehqony zich aloqamand ast. Masalan: mobayni bahor (maidyoy-zaremayya), mobayni tobiston (maidyoy- tema), idi jamovarii galla (paitishakhya), idi bargashtani chorvo az charogohi tobistony (ayatrima), mobayni chillai zimiston (maydyairya) va nihoyat id yo marosimi begohi okhiri pesh az barobarshavii shabu ruzi bahory (khamaspatmaedaya), ki ba yodi faravashruhi niyogon, barguzor meshuda.

Buzurgtarin jashni zardushtiya, ki onro hanuz pesh az paydoishi oini zardushty khalqhoi eronnajod bo tantanavu shukuh jash megiriftaand, idi Navruz ast. Zardusht in idro, ki eroniyon chun ogozi fasli bahor qayd mekardand, qabul namuda, ba on ramzi tozae bakhshid. Navruz dar Zardushtiya haftumin va buzurgtarin jashnest, ki ba buzurgdoshti AshoVakhishta /behtarin rostivu adolat, ki ramzi on otash ast va okhirin ruzi olam, ki dar on asho /rosty/ galaba mekunad va hamin ruzi okhirin dar hamon yak vaqt avvalin ruzi hayoti navi abadist, bakhshida shudaast. Muvofiqi sarchashmahoi digar inson mahz hamin ruz po ba zamin mondaast va Ahuromazdo- buzurgofaridgor, jahonro dar chunin ruz ofaridaast.

Hamin tavr, bo jori kardani namozi panjvaqta va jashngirii haft id, Zardusht sistemai dinii doroi qudrati buzurgero bunyod kard, ki dar tuli se hazor sol pobarjost.

Marosimi dafn CHun nazdi zardushtiyon khok, obu otash anosiri muqaddas budand az in ru jasadi murdagonro guronidan dar khok yo sukhtan dar otash va yo garq kardan dar ob mamnu bud. Onho baroi murdagon dar domanai kuhe yo joe durtar az obodi «dakhma» yo «burji khomushon» intikhob yo bino mekardand va murdahoi khudro on jo meguzoshtand to parrandagon yo saghoi makhsus gushti onro bikhurand, sipas ustukhonhoro dar on «dakhmaho» yo «osuaraho» nigoh medoshtand.

Zardushtiya badan ohista-ohista bo unsurhoi khurofoti, sanaviyat va hatto butparasti oluda gardida, ba dini aristokratiyai dehkoni va darbori tabdil gardida, az asli khud begona va ba homii jomeai nazdik ba kastavii sosoni tabdil garda bud.

Imruz zardushtiyon dar Hinduston va qismate az Eron boqi mondaand.

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