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MUBORIZAI HALKI TOJIK BAR ZIDDI SIYOSATI MUSTAMLIKADORI.

Siyosati mustamlikavii hukumati podshohi va amorati Bukhoro ziddiyati ichtimoiro tezu tund gardonda chun zuhuroti olii norozigii khalqi mehnatkash aholii mustamlikaro ba shurishi oshkoro barkhezond.
Oshubhoi halqi bazan mavchi kaloni aholiro ba khud kashida kharakteri ommavi giriftand. Quvvahoi harakatdihandai in shurishho, dehkononi choryakkoron, mardkoron, hunarmandon va kambaaloni shahrho budand. Dar barobari mehnatkashoni uzbek, kirgiz, turkman dar oshubhoi khalki tochin niz ishtiroki faolona doshtand.
Soli 1870 du hazor nafar dehqonon az khudsari va mikdori ziyodi khiroch, va zakot bu shur omada qalai Balchuvonro muhosira kardand. Beki Balchon
Abdukarimbek, ki sababgori shurish shuda bud, az gazabi khalq tarsida ba Hisor gurekht. Oshub kharakteri nomuttashakilona dosht. Dehkonon kalaro girifta molu mulki onro bayni khud taqsim karda, hamono khona ba khona parokanda shudand. Az in istifoda burda, oshubro dastai askaroni khokimi Hisor YAkub-Qushbegi pakhsh kardand. CHand tan az ishtirokchiyoni shurish ba dor kashida shudand. Qisme az onho ba Darvoz gurekhtand. Abdukarim ba Balchuvon bargashta ba tariki peshtara mardumro gorat mekard.
Moh dekabri soli 1874 az sababi khudsarii andozchamkunandagon dar Balchon oshubi digari sar zad. Mardumro fireb dodand, ki ba amir arzu shikoyat karda ba chavobi on muntazir shavand. Dar in lahza sardori dastai kushuni Bukhoro 7-nafar sardoroni shurishro dastgir karda ba zindon partoft va shurishro pakhsh namud.
Soli 1872 dar Huchand bar ziddi siyosati andozgirii hukumati podshohi va zulmi hokimoni mahalli shurishi khalki ba amal omad, ki dar on ziyoda az 10 hazor kas ishtirok dosht. Halq talab kard, ki andozho kam karda, sharoiti mehnat behtar karda shavad. SHrish dastai harbi pakhsh karda, bisyor ishtirokchiyoni on ba Sibir badarga karda shudand.
Soli 1873 dar Pashi nom dehai Uroteppa va soli 1875 az nav dar Uroteppa oshubho ba amal omada budand.
Dar solhoi 1885-1886 mavqei azimi shurishhoi khalki karib qarib tamomi mahalhoi tochinishinro faro girift. Dehqononi Muminobod, SHurobod, Kulob, Balchuvon va Hisor ba shurish barkhestand. Dar Hisor muborizai dehqonon baroi zamin va ob, muboriza ba mukobili majburiyathoi feodali ba muborizai kosibon baroi behtar kardani sharoiti mehnat payvasta bud. Dar natichai muborizai duru daroz sokhiboni dukonho machbur shudand, ki guzashta karda talabothoi oshubgaronro ichro kunand.
Kalontarin baromadi khalki dar Bukhoroi SHarki ba mukobili zulmi amiri shurishi soli 1888 bud. Dar borai sanadi shurish dar bayni tarikhchiyon solhoi tuloni akidai yagona nabud. Aksariyati marrihon sarshavii shurishro soli 1885 (az jumla in sanadro sharshnosoni mashhur akademik B.Gafurov va B.Iskandarov) hisob mekardand. Lekin taqiqothoi minbada nishon dod, ki shurishsoli 1888 rukh doda bud.
Dar bekigarii Kulobu Balchuvon chandin sol khushksoli ba amal omad. Soli 1888 (to in davra soli 1885-nishon doda meshud) soli serhosil omad. Amaldoron az dehkonon andozhoi barziyod girifta mekhostand, ba in vosita choi solhoi kamhosilro pur kunand. In ba shurish bahona shud.
SHurish dar amlokdorii Hovaling sar shuda, Balchuvon,
Sari Hisor, Kulob va digar nohiyahoro faro girift.
Peshvoi shurish dehqononi Hovalingi Abdulvose bud. SHurish ba mukobili siyosati amir va amaldoroni mahalli ravona karda shud.
Dehqonon talabi amaldoronro dar borai adoi andozi chandsola rad kardand. Dar naticha dar miyoni dekhdonona va andozcham kunandagoni zadukhurd ba vuchud omad. Dehqonon zakotchirro kushtand, khonai amaldori Hovalingro kharob karda ba kalai beki Balchuvon harakat kardand. Onho kushish kardand. Ki masalaro bo tarzi guftugu hal kunand. Bek ba nazdi chamomadagon mullohoro firistonda maqsad dosht, ki dehqononro parokanda namoyad. Dar in muddat bek askaronashro bar zidi dehqonon omoda kard. SHurishgaron ba askaroni bek shikast doda qalai Balchonro ba dast darovardand. Bek ba Kangurg gurekht.
SHurishgaron baroi pakhsh kardani shurish chorae nadida, badi ba dast darovardani in qala in muvaffakiyati khudro vusat nadodand. Dar naticha baze az shurishgaron lageri shurishro tark kardand.
Bekhoi Kulob, Hisor va Qarotegin ba yorii beki Balchuvon omada bo kuvvahoi harbii khud qalai Balchuvonro az dasti Vose giriftand. Vose ba tarafi Kangurg akib nishasta, ba kuvvai nav ba sui Balchuvon harakat karda, qalaro az nav ba dast darovard. Vale yorii navbati bekhoi hamsoya takdiri shurishro khal namud.
Vose shikast khurda khost, ki ba tarafi Hovaling aqib nishasta kuvvahoi khudro muttakhid namoyad. Ammo in chiz muyassar nashud. SHurish az tarafi kuvvahoi yakachini amir shikast khurd. Vose va yordamchiyonash asir aftodand. Dar yak ruz 40-nafar shurishchiyon ba dor kashida shudand. Vosero chand ruz dar mahbashona nigoh doshta, soli 1888 dar SHakhrisabz ba katl rasonda shud.
Az sababi nomuttashakil va be nakshai muayyan amal kardani shurishgaron onho muvaffakit paydo karda natavonistand. Ba shikasti shurish nigoh nakarda, takhkursii zulmat va asoshoi feodalii amorat toraft sust gashtand. Mekhnatkashon dar muborzahoi bo dushman obu tob yofta toraft muttakhid megardidand.
Dar nimai duyumi asri XIX qatori shurishu baromadhoi stikhiyavii dekhdonon va mardikoroni plantasiyahoi khochagii shlok avvalin baromadhoi korgaron, ki barobari
sokhtmoni korkhonahoi nakhustin tashakkul yoftabud. Ba amal omada bud. Avvalin baromadhoi korgaron hanuz dar davrai sokhtmoni rokhi ohan mushokhida karda shudand.
Korgaron dar sokhtmoni rokhdoi ohan, konho va korkhonahoi sanoati dar sharoiti nihoyat bad mekhnat mekardand. Ba ivazi mekhnti 16-18 soata ba korgaron muzdi nochiz doda meshud. Az korgaron charimahoi ziyod sitonda meshud. YAke az korbardorii kalontarinu avvalini korgaron soli 1885 dar koni angisht zavrak Kishtut volosti Panchakent ba amal omada bud. Korpartoftagon sardor va nazoratchiyonro kufta, ba nazdi hokimi Panchakent rahsipor gardidand. Dar roh otryadi askaron onhoro parokanda kardand. Se nafar korgaron khabs karda shudandva arzu shikoyati onho benaticha mond.
Korpartoi va baromadhoi korgaron ba monandi shuru oshubhoi dekhdonon hanuz stikhiyavi va parokanda budand. Bo vuchudi in baromadho ba mukobili siyosati mustamlikavii khukumati podshokhi va lagandbardoroni onho ravona karda shuda budand, ki dar muttashakkilii oyandai mekhnatkashon ahamiyati kalon doshtand.

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