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Manoi “Nubuvat”

Nubuvvat bad az adl seyumin usuli dini islom va qismati muhime az ilohiyoti on ast. N u b u v v a t ( az kal. arabi. nabaa-khabar dodan, ogoh kardan va nabi- peshguikunanda) talimotest dar borai paygambari va falsafai on, shakhsiyati paygambar va kornomahoi payombaron. Dar islom nubuvvat ilova ba on chi gufta shud, masalai isboti risolati payombarii Muhammad (s) va imonu bovari ba onro faro megirad. Hamon tavre ki az kalimai shakhodat barmeoyad etiKod ba risolati Muhammad(s) az muhimtarin zaruriyoti imon meboshad.

Nabi, rasul va payombar kalimahoi murodif buda, dar islom shakhsero ifoda mekunad, ki Hudo ba vositai vay mardumro ba shinokhti haqiqat va rohi rost hidoyat mekunad. Payombar muvofiqi talimoti islom insoni barguzidai parvardigor ast, ki iroda va sukhanoni Hudoro, ki ba u vahy shudaand ba mardum- insonho merasonad. Onho misli tuti yo ba istilohi imruza balandgui Hudoyand. Ba Kavli Mavlono Jaloluddin Rumi:

In hama ovozho az SHayh buvad,

Garchi az halqumi Abdullah buvad.

Dar Quron niz omadaast: “Va mo yantiqu anil-havo in huva illo vahyun yuhvo”-Hargiz ba havoi nafs sukhan nameguyad, sukhani u ba juz vahyi Hudo nest.(Quron 53:3-4) Ba hamin mazmun Hoja Hofizi SHerozi niz az zaboni Payombar surudaast:

Borho guftamu bori digar meguyam,

Ki mani dilshuda in rah na khud mepuyam..

Dar pasi oina tutisifatam doshtaand,

On chi ustodi azal guft: bigu! meguyam.

Dar islom tamomi payombaroni guzashta, alalkhusus payombaroni dinhoi somi ztirof shudaand. Dar in mavrid islom az taassub dur ast. Muvofiqi talimoti islom az ibtidoi khilqati Odam yak silsila anbiyo va rasulon baroi rahnamoii insonho va intishori maorifi ilohi firistoda shudaand, ki buzurgtarin va maruftarini onkho Odam, Nuh, Ibrohim, Muso, Isoi Maseh va nihoyat Muhammad- khotamulanbiyo(s), yane okhirin payombar ast. Dar Quron hamchunin dar borai payombaroni digar chun: SHish, Hu.d. Soleh, Lut, Dovud, Ayub, YAqub,YUnus, Sulaymon, YAkhyo,Zakariyo va gayra sukhan meravad. Umuman, muvofiqi rivoyatkhoi islomi hamagi 124 000 nabi guzashtaand, ki az on 300 nafarashon rasuloni Hudoyand yane payombarone, ki risolat doshtaand-sohibkitob budaand yo shariati nav ovardaand.

Odatan, ba bisyore az payombaroni qabl az Muhammad (s) mujizaho nisbat dodaand, vale nisbat ba Muhammad bisyore az ulamoi islom ba juz Quron- daryofti vahyi ilohi digar mujizae qoil nestand. U harchand martabai aloi khotamul- anbiyoro dorad, janbai ilohi nadorad va misli tasavvuroti dinhoi digar Hudo dar paykarai insonii u hulul nakardaast, balki u niz bashar ast, misli digaron va hej vaqt iddaoi doshtani quvvai favquttabii va khoriquloddaro nakardaast. Dar Quron harchand dar borai mujizoti paygambaroni digar ishorotu tafsilote mavjudand dar borai hej yak mujizai khudi Muhammad chize ba juz hamon Quron, ki guftem nest. Vale nogufta namonad, ki dar qissaho va tafsiru rivoyot va sharhi holi Payombar (s) dar “Siratho” rivoyote shabeh ba mujiza bayon shudaand. In rivoyatho imkon dorad dar taqlid ba dinhoi digar ba vujud omadaand to nishon dihand, ki Payombari islom (s) niz sohibmujiza meboshad yo khud sharhu bayoni digare dorand.

Dar har surat, metavon guft, ki dar in jo niz tavhidi islomi bo subot rioya shudaast, har chand Muhammad(s) ba martaba va sifoti akhloqiyu mazhabie, ki ba u nisbat doda shudaast maqomi insoni komilro dorad, boz yake az bandagoni Hudost va tanho bo itoat ba khosti ilohi maqomi qurbat ba borgohi ilohiro hosil kardaast, ki on dar libosi ramzi bo nomi “meroj-“i nabi (yane ba borgohi ilohi rasidan) bayon shudaast. Bahsi nubuvvat az jihate bahsi insoni komil dar islom ast. Hulosa, ba naqshi payombari dar islom nisbat ba dinhoi digar beshtar takid shudaast va yake az aslpoyahoi talimoti islom ast, ki biduni shinokhti on fahmi nazariyai ijtimoiyu siyosi va gumanizmi islomi mushkil ast.

Dar boramon

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