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Maqsadhoi innovatsionii tashkilot

Baroi ba dast ovardani inkishofi maqsadnoki tashkilot strategiyai innovatsioni kor karda baromada meshavad, ki vay amali sokhtani idorakunii maqsadnoki innovatsiyaro, yane tashakkuli maqsadi innovatsioniro talab menamoyad.

Ba haysi maqsadhoi innovatsioni metavonad doroi chunin talabotho boshand:

  • ba vujud ovardani mahsuloti navi raqobatpazir;
  • omodasozii khizmatrasonii navin;
  • guzashtan ba tekhnologiyai nav, shaklhoi navi zakhiraho, nizomi navi idorakuni, shaklhoi navi tashkiliyu sokhtori;
  • gayra.

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Hangomi tavsiyahoi hadafhoi innovatsioni va strategiyai on farqiyathoi kulli boyad ba etibor girifta shavand. YAkum, hadafho hamchun samti rushd muayyan karda meshavand. Duyum, onho hamchun samti harakat (samthoi istifodai zakhiraho) az rui tarzi omodagiyu istifodabarii zakhiraho. Ammo maqsad va strategiyai hadafhoi innovatsioni bo zanjirai yagonai mantiqi aloqamand meboshand. Az in ruy strategiya in vositai ba dast ovardani maqsadho dar sathi balandi idorakuni meboshad. Amali gardonidani strategiyaho ifodai aniqro hamchun maqsad taqozo menamoyad.

Dar bisyore az mavridho tavsiyati khubu aniqi maqsadho javobgui talabothoi zerin meboshad:

  • az shakli nomuayyani fel, ki ijroishi amalro ifoda menamoyad shuru meshavad (korkard) «behtar namudan», «kam kardan», «baland bardoshtan», «rasonidan» va gayra;
  • talaboti natijahoi nihoi az nigohi sifat va shumorai ifoda va imkoniyati sanjishi miqdori nishondihandahoi tasdiqkunanda komyobihoi maqsadnokro mushakhkhas menamoyad. («kam namudani kharojot» baroi nigohdorii dastgohi idorakuni to 20% nazar ba peshnihodi peshtarabuda). Iborai sifati («kharojoti nigahdorii dastgohi ijroiya») va iborai miqdoriro (20% kam kardan to muhlati…) istifoda karda metavonad;
  • muhlati baroi rasidan ba hadafhoi muayyan «dar okhiri soli ravon», «dar tarikhi muayyankardai barnoma», «to 28 fevrali soli ravon»;
  • miqdori ziyodtarini kharojoti imkonpazir, mahdudiyat zakhirahoi judoshavanda («baroi amalisozii barnoma na kamtar «vohidi puli», «bo quvvai khudi», «dar chahorchubai bujai mavjuda»);
  • shart mondan, tanho «vaqte, ki» va «chi boyad kard» mufassal bayon nakarda «charo» va «chi tavr» in boyad anjom doda shavad;
  • ba sifati qarori idorai tasdiqgardida va dar shakli khatti dar yagon hujjat qayd gardida to ba shakhsi ijrokunanda rasonida shud.

Masalan, maqsadi innovatsioni tasviyati aniqi zerinro dorad: istehsoli molhoi istemoli dar muddati 4-moh az rui loihai tasdiqgardida va mutobiqi smetai kharojotro ba tekhnologiyai navi payvandkuni guzaronidan.

Qoidahoi tartiboti «darakhti maqsad»:

  1. Dar har sath «darakhti maqsad» majmui zermaqsadho baroi rasidan ba hadafhoi oli zarur meboshad.
  2. Az ham judo namudani maqsadho ba zermaqsadho dar har yake az sathoi «darakhti maqsad» bo yak nishonai judokuni (qoidai tasnifgari) burda meshavad.
  3. Har yak zermaqsadi judoshavanda (hamchun natijai mobayni) boyad ba faoliyati subekthoi judogonai tashkiliyu mustaqil munosibat doshta boshad.
  1. Vobasta az tamini «darakhti maqsad» talab karda meshavad, ki dar kadom sathi sokhtori judo namudani maqsadhoro ba okhir rasonad: tashkilkuni, taqsimkuni, ijrokuni. «Darakhti maqsad» to sathe sozmon doda meshavad, ki dar onho shakhsi masuli ijrokunanda ba tashkil namudani chorabiniho, barnomaho jihati ba dastovardani hadafho shuru menamoyad, aniq karda shudaast.

Sathi judokunii tarkibii maqsadhoi innovatsioni baroi ba vujud ovardani mahsuli nav az inho iborat ast:

  • tashakkuli hadafhoi maqsadnok (asosi);
  • zermaqsadho az rui davrai hayoti silsilavii mahsulot: (marketingi strategi, korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribavi- loihakashi, istehsol, furush, khizmatrasonii istemolkunandagon);
  • dar har yak davra mutobiqshavii korkhona ba ravandi innovatsioni az nuqtai nazari tashkilu tayyor namudani zakhiraho, idorakuni, tekhnologiyaho, sokhtori tashkili;
  • az rui tashkili sokhtorii mushkilho zermaqsadhoi judogona bo unsurhoi (masalan, az rui zakhiraho, zermaqsadho oidi zakhirahoi mehnati, moddi-tezniki, ittilooti, moliyavi) muqarrar karda meshavand.

Sathi az ham judo namudani maqsadhoi innovatsionii guzarish ba tekhnologiyai nav az chunin hadafho iborat meboshad:

  • tashkilyobii maqsadhoi asosi;
  • muqarrar namudani zermaqsadho az rui silsilai hayotii davrai tekhnologiyai innovatsioni (badastori, omodasozi (mutobiqshavi) amalisozi).

Bahisobgirii hadafu manfiathoi «darakhti maqsad» bo yorii nazariyai jadvalho guzaronida meshavad. Dar ravandi oli kardani maqsadhoi innovatsioni pesh az hama du nishondihanda ba hisob girifta meshavad:

  • zaribi (koeffisienti) nisbii muhim budani zermaqsad (to kadom andoza zermaqsadi mazkur baroi maqsadhoi bolo muhim meboshad)-V
  • zaribi (koeffisienti) manfiatnokii dutarafai (koeffisienti mutlaqi ahamiyatnok, yane to chi andoza zermaqsad baroi maqsadhoi asosi muhim meboshad)-R

Zaribi (koeffisienti) nisbii ahamiyatnoki har yake az zermaqsadho az tarafi tartibdihandagoni «darakhti maqsad» bo nazardoshti sahmi on tanho baroi noilshavi ba maqsadhoi dar bolo guzoshtashuda muqarrar megardad. SHarti noilshavi ba maqsadi asosi in amalishavii hamai zermaqsadho, yane jami andozai zaribhoi (koeffisienthoi) nisbii muhim budani onho meboshad.

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