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Margi sudkhur – Qissa az Sadriddin Ayni

Man dar solhoi 1312 hijri (1894 melodi), ki talabai madrasahoi Bukhoro ba shumor meraftam, be boshishgoh, mondam va dar Bukhoro, ki taqriban sad dar madrasai kalon va qarib hamin qadar madrasai khurd dosht, baroi man hujrai qobili istiqomate ba zudi yoft nashud. Zero, harchand hamai madrasahoi Bukhoro rasman vaqf buda, kharidu furushi onho az ruyi shariat ravo naboshad ham, dar zamonhoi okhir bo fatvoi3 ulamoi din, ki dar masalahoi dini khilahoi shariro ba kor meburdand, hamai hujrahoi madrasaho ba tarzi kharidu furush mulki khususi shuda ba dasti odamoni puldor aftoda bud va talabahoi faqir dar joyi istiqomat yoftan ba dushvoriho meaftodand.

Qoriishkamba

Dar hamon ruzhoe, ki man dar justujuyi hujra budam, yake az dustonam bo rohi maslihat ba man guft:

  • «Qoriishkamba» nom yak kas hast, ki chand dar hujrai zarkharid4 dorad, agar az vay pursi, shoyad yake az hujrahoyashro ba tu ba oriyat[*] bidihad.

Bo shunidani in maslihati on dustam diqqati man az hujra dodan yo nadodani on odam ziyodatar ba nomi u kashida shud.

  • «Qoriishkamba»?

Dar hakqiqat ham, in nom khele galaty bud. Man medonistam, ki khaltai medai hayvonotro, ki dar on jo khuroki khurdashuda jam meshavad, «ishkamba» menomand. Ammo «ishkamba» nomida shudani odamro dar umri khud nakhustin bor shunida istoda budam va «sabab chy boshad, ki odamro «ishkamba» nomidaand?» guyon dar dili khud taajjub mekardam va in taajjubamro ba on dustam izhor namuda az vay ezoh pursidam.

  • Nomi aslii on odam Qory Ismat ast, – guft dustam dar javob, – lekin ishkami on kas kalon ast, shoyad ba hamin munosibat boshad, dar vaqthoi avval baze kason uro «Qori Ismati ishkam» guftaand va baze shirinkoron «Qori Ismati ishkamba» khitob namudaand va rafta-rafta kalimai «Ismat»-ro partofta «Qoriishkamba» guftaandu mondaand va chunonki meguyand, «laqab ravshantar az nom ast», nomi aslii on shakhs az zabonho aftoda dar bayni mardum bo unvoni «Qoriishkamba» shuhrat yoftaast.
  • Boyad az kase, ki mardum ba u lakabi «Ishkamba»-ro sazovor didaand, umedi khayre karda nashavad, – guftam man ba dustam. – Bo vujudi in, tu uro ba man shinoso karda mon! CHy zarar dorad, «shavad obi, nashavad lalmi» guyon man az vay hujra mepursam. Agar u ba man hujra nadihad ham, man chy guna budani «Ishkamba-odam»-ro dida memonam. Hudi hamin baroi man yak foida ast.
  • Hudam shakhsan bo vay shinos nestam, ki turo shinoso kunam, – guft on dustam, – faqat ky budani uro medonam va metavonam, ki dar yake az kuchaho uro ba tu nishon diham va bad az on khudat roh yofta, bo u shinos shuda, az vay hujra mepursi.

Man ba in taklifi dustam rozy shudam va ba vositai u dar payi yofta, dida, shinokhtani Qoriishkamba afto- dam…

Filmi Mardi sudkhur

Ruze az ruzho bo on dustam dar labi havzi Devonbegii shahri Bukhoro, ki yagona sayrongohi on shakhr bud, sayohat karda megashtem, ki u yakbora ba hayajon omada:

  • Ana, Qoriishkamba hamin odam ast! – guyon kasero, ki ba yak sartaroshkhona medaromad, ba man nishon dod.

Man tanho pushti on odamro dida mondam va chigu-nagii simoyu suratashro muayyan karda natavonistam va dar peshi khud qaror dodam, ki to muysari khudro tarosho-nida baromadani on odam dar hamon joho istoda shaklu shamoilashro tamoman shinokhta megiram va agar rost oyad, bo u shinos shuda, az vay hujra mepursam.

Ammo dustam dar in kor ba man hamrohi nakard va korero sabab nishon doda, az man judo shuda raft va man rafta ba labi sufachai sartaroshkhonae, ki Qoriishkamba on jo daromada bud, nishastam va be on ki ba u fahmonam, saru surat va tamomi kiyofai uro az nazar guzaronidam.

u yak odami miyonaqadi farbehi ishkamkaloni gar- dankutoh buda, gafsii gardan va purragii saru ruyash ham az gafsii shikamash karib fark nadosht, agar rishi kalo- ni gulii monandi alafi gandadarav ba ham pechidaashro, ki tamomi ruyashro furu girifta bud, taroshida me- partoftand, saru tani in odam dar yak jo ba ishkambai kholi kardanashudai shutur monandi paydo mekard, goyatash in ki in az vay kalontar bud, monandi jussai shuturi ba dardi khorish giriftorgardidai muyash rekhtagi surkhchatob menamud.

Bad az didani in guna shaklu shamoili in odam dar dili man guzasht: shoyad mardum na az jihati kalonii shi- kamash, balki az jihati on ki bad az taroshidani rishash tamomi badanash ba yak shikambai kalon monandi paydo mekard, ba u in lakabro munosib dida boshand.

Durust ast, ki shikami in odam az shikamhoi odamo- ni odi az had ziyod kalon bud, lekin gafsii digar joyhoi badanash, hatto gardanu ruyash ham, ba darajae bud, ki on shikami kalon dar peshi onho nomalum va odi shuda me- mond. Binobar in, dar sababi laqabi in odam fikri okhi- rii navisandai in satrho ba haqiqat nazdik menamud.

Navbati muysargiry ba Koriishkamba rasid va sartarosh pokui5 khudro sang zada istoda ba u:

  • Ba boloi sandalicha marhamat kuned! – guft.

Qoriishkamba, az jihati vazninii badanash yo ba sa- babi yagon bemory, az joyash bazur barkhost va dastorashro az sar girifta khost, ki vayro ba sari mekhi lungiovezii sartarosh monad. Ammo sartarosh ba in kor roh nadod va cholokona tegu sangro ba rafchai peshi oina guzoshta dudas- ta dastorro az dasti Qoriishkamba girifta istoda:

  • Sallai shumo karib panjser6 vazn dorad va agar ba sari mekh memonded, mekh meshikast va lungihoi man ba za- min galtida chirkin meshudand, – guft bo ohangi hazlomez.

Dar haqiqat sallai Koriishkamba bisyor kalon buda, az dastori har guna mullohoi sallakalon du barobar meomad, bo vujudi in, vay on kadar vazn nadosht, ki mekhi lungioveziro shikanad. SHoyad bar mekhi lungiovezy ba gu- zoshtani on salla roh nadodani sartarosh baroi on boshad, ki vay bisyor chirkin bud va ba boloi lungihoi muysargiry istodani on sallai chirkin sababi nafrati muysargironi digar meshud.

  • Hayriyat, ki ba khotiri lungihoyaton dastori maro nigahdory karded, – guft Koriishkamba, – vagarna bo shi- kastani mekh dar katori lungihoi shumo sallai man ham ba zamin aftoda ba khok mejulid, ki baroi shusta toza kardani on panj misqol7 sobun sarf shuda, ba man zarari kalon me- rasid.
  • Dastori shumo ba sababi ba zamin aftodan az khok hej zarar namedid, – guft sartarosh, – magar der boz ruyi tagorai jomashuyiro nadida budaast, ki az khoki zamini dukoni man chirkintar menamoyad.

Haqiqatan ham az pechhoi dastori Koriishkamba guyo, ki dar vay dastmolhoi degshuiro pechonda basta boshad, tasma-tasma chirkhoi ravganolud namoyon bud.

– In guna dastori kalonro har hafta yak bor ba tagorai jomashuyy andokhta shustan mumkin nest, – guft

Qoriishkamba, – dar on surat khonai sobun mesukht.

– CHaro dastorro khurdtar namekuned, ki ham doka kamtar ravadu ham shustanash osontar shuda, sobun kamtar sarf shavad? – guyon sartarosh pursid.

– In sallai man dastori «ertishgiru[†] tuykhur» ast! – guft Qoriishkamba dar chavob, – vakte ki bo in dastor ba sari dafni murdae hozir meshavam, ba har kas yak gaz er- tish dihand, ba man du gaz medihand va inchunin dar tuyho ham tabaki sergushtu ravgani palav ba peshi man meoyad…

Sartarosh chor dahan gap zada, yak bor pokuro ba sang zada, okhir tegro muvofiki tabash tez kard va lungiro ba gardani Koriishkamba basta istoda ba sukhan davom namud:

– Albatta, kase, ki shumoro nameshinosad, na ba chanoza khabar mekunad va na ba tuy, ammo on kasone, ki shumoro meshinosand va ba janozayu tuyashon khabar meku- nand, khoh dastoraton kalon boshad, khoh khurd, ba shumo on muomilaro mekunand, ki shumoro ba on munosib medo- nand. Ba fikri man, baroi in barziyod sarf kardani doka befoidaast.

– SHumo soda buded, barodar! – guft Qoriishkamba ba sartarosh, agar man ba ertishi murdahoe, ki ba janozai onho maro khabar mekunand, kanoat karda megashtam, pas puli muysarro az kujo yofta ba shumo medodam? Man har ruz namozi peshinro dar khonakokhi Devonbei mekhonam va ba on jo har murdaero, ki baroi chanozakhony ovarda boshand, khoh shinos boshad, khoh begona, bad az khondani chanoza ba sari kabrash meravam va ba kadri nasiba ertish girifta megardam.

– SHumo ba muysargiri puli bisyor sarf namekuned, ki baroi in dar tashvish afted, – guft sartarosh, – har kas dar yak hafta yo dah ruz muysar girad, shumo dar du moh yak bor muysar megired va muzdi dastro ham barobari nimai muzdi digaron doda megurezed.

Man az in sukhani sartarosh ogohi yofta, ba sari Qoriishkamba bo dikkat nazar andokhta didam, ki dar haqiqat muysarash monandi zindoniyoni davri amiri ba- land rasida, to peshoni va buni gardanash furomadagi bu- da, torhoi muysarash bo torhoi rishash monandi toru pu- di dar dastgohi bofandagi boftashuda ba ham pechida bu- dand va bar khilofi sarhoi odi dar teppai sarash ba kadri kafi dast yak joyi bemuy ham menamud.

Qoriishkamba az sukhani okhirini sartarosh qadre ba gazab omada va sari khudro az zeri dasti u, ki tar karda molish medod, ba qafo kashid va chashmi khudro ba chashmi u dukhta istoda guft:

  • Man khoh dar yak hafta yak bor muysar giram, khoh dar du moh, in kori man ast va ba shumo hej dakhl nadorad. Muysari man khoh baland boshad, khoh past, shumo yak bor teg meroned va baroi muysari baland du bor teg nameroned, ki khizmati barziyod karda boshed. Agar man ba shumo nis- bat ba digaron kamtar muzd medoda bosham, shumo ba shikoyat kardan haq nadored, zero khudaton dida istodaed, ki nimai sari man bemuy ast va shumo ba on jo hej teg nameroned, binobar in, dar vakti muzd giriftan hamin nuktaro ba nazar giriftanaton lozim ast.

Boyad baroi past kardani otashi gazabi Koriishkam- ba boshad:

  • Man hazl kardam, – guft sartarosh narmona, – va- garna muzdi khizmati maro khoh kam dihed, khoh ziyod dihed, man az shumo minnatdor shuda megiram va puli shumoro tabarruk9 medonam…

Sartarosh sari Qoriishkambaro taroshida shud va lungiro az gardani u kushoda girifta, ba kuttii muysar- don afshonda, khost, ki dubora ba gardani u bandad, to ki dubora tar karda chirkhoi tagi muysarro taroshida girad, ammo Qoriishkamba ba in kor roh nadod:

– Dubora taroshidan lozim nest, – guft u – muyla- bamro kutoh kuned, kifoya ast, vakti barziyod nadoram.

– Magar ba yagon janoza nigaroned? – gufta pursid sartarosh.

– Ne! – guft Qoriishkamba, – agar janozae vokhurad, dar hamin jo – dar sahni khonakoh dar soati duvozdah vo- mekhurad, – va ba soati devorii sartaroshkhona nigoh kar- da, ilova namud, – holo soat dah ast.

– Pas, chi guna kori zarur dored? – sartarosh pursid va hazlomezona boz suol dod. – Magar ba yagon tuy noguft raftan mekhohed?

– Hamin vakt vakti choynushii choshtgokhii khodimoni bonk ast. Agar der monam, az choyi serkandi roygon makhrum meshavam…

Man az hamai in guftuguzorho chize nafakhmida dar hayrat budam va dar dili khud fikr mekardam: «Agar in odam chand hujrai zarkharid doshta boshad, pas charo zinda- gonii khudro, hatto puli muysarashro ba boloi ertishi murdagon mondaast, ki in kori gadoyoni bekasui ast, na peshai odami sarvatmandi chandhuchrador? Agar in odam dar haqiqat gadoi bekasui boshad, uro ba bonk va khodi- moni bonk chi munosibat ast, ki ba sari choyi choshtgokhii onho rasida raftan mekhohad? Digar on ki charo dusti man maro baroi hujra umedvor karda, ba peshi in gadoi bekasu- kuy firistod yo in ki u maro bozi dodan mekhost?..» Va boz dar khud meandeshidam: «Agar dustam maro bozi dodan khos- ta boshad ham, zarar nadorad, chunki in odam odami bisyor ajib menamoyad, in odamro shinokhtan va hamai kirdoru guftorhoi uro omukhtan baroi man, ki tabiatan kunjkov voke shudaam, az hujra yoftan ham bekhtar ast. Dar har hol man in odamro to okhir taqib va dunbolagiri khoham namud. Hujra nadoshtani u yo ba man hujra nadodanash ba in kori man mone nakhohad shud. Har chi boshad, masalai hujra baroi ba dast darovardani in maqsad ba man yak va- sila va bahona khohad shud…»

Qoriishkamba bo kutoh kardani muylabash hatto ba kushoda giriftani lungy muntazir nashuda, az joyash jasta barkhost va to az gardanash giriftani lungy dastorashro az sufacha girifta, ba sari khud guzoshta, shitobkorona az dukoni sartarosh baromad.

  • Qoriamak, puli muysar chy shud? – guyon sartarosh az pushtash ovoz dod.

Qoriishkamba be on ki az rohash bozistad va sarash- ro ba tarafi sartarosh gardonad:

  • Dar oyanda puli du muysarro yakjoya mediham, – guyon bo kadamhoi kalon-kalon dar yak dakika az peshi sarta- roshkhona dur shud va dar on jo maro muyassar nashud, ki masalai hujraro dar peshi u monam va ba in munosibat bo u shakhsan shinoso shavam.

Bad az baromada raftani Qoriishkamba az labi havzi Devonbegy man ham az on jo raftam va bo umedi dar yagon joyi digar rost ovardani u hamon ruz to begohy ras- tavu bozorhoro sarsariyona gashtam, ammo ba didani u komyob nagardidam.

III

Fardoi on ruze, ki man Qoriishkambaro dar sarta- roshkhona didam, pagohony dar payi yofta dida shinos shu- dan bo u ba cha baromadam: avval labi havzi Devonbegi- ro gardish karda baromadam va az on jo ba rastai bazzo- zy10, ki az janubi khonakoh va havzi Devonbegy az shark ba garb meraft, guzashta on joro ham to sesu bo dikkat az nazar guzaronidam. CHun az on joho matlabi khudro nayof- tam, ba rastai chinifurushy, ki az okhiri rastai bazzozy sar shuda az janub ba shimol meraft, guzashtam.

Dar rastai chinifurushy, hanuz dah kadam dur naraf- ta, ba nogoh didam, ki Qoriishkamba ba sari dukoni yak chi- nifurush poyhoi khudro ba zamin ovezon karda, bar labi sufachai peshi on dukon nishastaast va man ham kadre dur- tar az on dar on tarafi rasta, ki mukobili joyi nishasti u ba shumor meraft, bar sufachai yak dukoni darbasta ni- shastam va monandi gurbae, ki mushro mepoyad, be on ki ba khudi u fahmonam, harakathoyashro dar zeri nazari dikkat giriftam.

Qoriishkamba bo chinifurush choy menushid. Dar hamin vakt yak nonfurush, ki ba sarash yak sabad va ba das- tash yak sabadi digar puri non bud, «garm, dastsuz, obash ravgan, ordash shakar, nakhurda namoned, ki dar hasrat me- moned!…» guyon az rasta guzashtan girift.

Koriishkamba nonfurushro jeg zada ba peshi khud ovarda, az sabadi ruyi dasti on du nonro chudo karda gi- rifta be on ki narkhi onro pursad va bo nonfurush savdo kunad, onhoro ba ruyi bodbezak, ki bo vay magasonro ronda nishasta bud, guzosht va guyo, ki puli nonhoro medo- da boshad, dastashro ba jaybash burda, bad az kadre koftukov kardani kisaash dastashro kholy barovarda dar holate, ki nonhoro shikasta baroi khurdan omoda mekard, ba chinifurush:

  • Barodar, puli maydaam nabudaast, marhamat karda shumo puli nonhoro dihed! – guyon khud ba nonkhury sar kard.

CHinifurush yak ba non va yak ba Qoriishkamba bo taachchub nigoh karda, okibat az nonfurush narkhi nonhoyash- ro pursida, pasi sari khudro khoron-khoron az galladon pul barovardu ba nonfurush doda uro gusel kard. Ammo Kori- ishkamba na ba chinifurush nigoh mekard va na ba nonfu- rush, u du chashmi khudro bar ruyi bodbezak, ba nonhoi shi- kasta dukhta istoda, burdahoi nonro dukat va sekat karda ba lunji khud meandokht.

CHinifurush did, ki u nakhurad ham, az on nonho yagon burda boki nakhohad mond va harchand Qoriishkamba uro ba nonkhury taklif nakarda boshad ham, yak lukma nonro ba dahon andokhta yak piyola choero, ki dar peshash bud, ba nshidan sar kard. CHinifurush piyolai choyro hanuz kholy nakarda Qoriishkamba dahoni khudro az non chunon pur kard, ki aknun na nonro khoyida metavonist va na harf za- da va u dar hamin holat, az tarsi on, ki chinifurush noni bokimondaro khurda namonad, yak dasti khudro ba burdai okhirini non, ki ba ruyi bodbezak bud, guzoshta, bo dasti digarash ba chinifurush ishora kard, ki zudtar piyolaro kholi karda ba u choy kashida dihad, to ki vay nonhoi nimkhoidai dar lunsh budaro bo yormandii choy furu burda tavonad.

CHinifurush choyi nimsardshudai piyolaro ba zudi nushida, ba on piyola choy rekhta, ba Qoriishkamba doda, bo tabassumi istekhomez nonkhuri va choynushii uro tamosho karda istod.

Qoriishkamba piyolaro ba dast girifta, az jihati garmii choy puf-pufkunon kam-kam nushida, dahoni khudro kadre az non kholi kard va bo dasti digarash, ki hanuz bar ruyi non bud, burdai okhirinro bardoshta, ba dahon an- dokhtu on burdaro hanuz tamom nakhoyida va furu naburda, piyolaro bo choyi bokimondaash ba zamin guzoshta, khud az joy barkhosta ba pesh ravon shud va man ham az dunboli u ba harakat daromadam…

Qoriishkamba hanuz bist qadam roh narafta dar naz- di saroi sanduk dar peshi dukoni yak sandukfurush nishast va man, ki az dunboli u meraftam va dar ru ba ruyi duko- ni sandukfurush choyi munosibe nayoftam, nochor az on jo guzashta, ba durtar rafta nishastam.

Dar vakti guzashtanam az peshi dukoni sandukfurush bo gushai chashmi khud didam, ki sokhibi dukon dar darunta- ri dukoni khud nishasta va chuti khisobro monandi devorcha rost guzoshta va dar pasi vay kadom yak chizi khurdaniro monda, az nazari rokhguzaron pinhon karda mekhurd. Ammo chashmi tezbini zogmonandi Qoriishkamba on chizi khurda- niro dida, ba on jo nishastaast, ki favran ba yak pakhlu yozida va dasti khudro ba pasi chut yozonda, dar khurdani on chizi «pinhon kardashuda» ba sokhibi dukon sharik shud.

Azbaski joyi nishasti man az joyi nishasti Qori- ishkamba dur bud, dar bayni u va sandukfurush chy guftuguzor shudanro shunida natavonistam. Ammo gumon mekunam, ki dar bayni onho guftushunidi barziyod boyad nashuda boshad va hamon vakte ki Qoriishkamba ba sari dukoni on odam nishast, boyad ba khurdani on chiz sarf shuda boshad, chunki bo tamom shudani on chizi khurdany, ki in az chutro az miyon bardoshta ba yak su guzoshtani sokhibi dukon malum meshud, Qoriishkamba ham zud az jo bar- khosta ba roh daromad.

* * *

Qoriishkamba ba yak rastachai tangi bolopushida, ki az garb ba shark dar bayni rastai chinifurushy va attory voqe gardida timcha nomida meshud va dar on jo tokiyavu shokhy mefurukhtand, daromad va man ham az roh bargashta az dunboli u ba timcha daromada, cholokona kadam guzoshta, ba vay rasida giriftam.

Qoriishkamba dar timcha dar peshi dukoni yak toqiya- furush rost istoda az vay:

  • Tiyahoi maro furukhted? – gufta pursid.

In suoli Qoriishkamba taachchubi maro az avvala zi- yodtar kard, chunki shakhsi monandi gadoyon az murdahoi no- shinos ertishgiranda, ba tuyhoi nokhonda rafta palav- khuranda va dar ayni zamon oshnoi nazdiki khodimoni bonk holo dar peshi man tokiyaduz yo in ki toqiyajallob shuda baromada bud. Binobar in, havasi man ba shunidani guftuguzori u bo tokiyafurush ziyod shuda, man ham dar on jo, dar pakhlui u, ammo kadre pasttar az u rost istodam.

  • Ne, hanuz nafurukhtaam! – toqiyafurush ba Koriish- kamba chavob dod.

– Boyad furukhta boshed, – guft Qoriishkamba ba chavo- bi toqiyafurush izhori nobovary karda, – lekin boyad me- khosta boshed, ki puli onhoro ruze chand dar kharidu furu- shi khud kor farmuda, challonda,11 ba manfiati khud foidai barziyod yobed!

– Koriamak, shumo ajab odami nobovar meboshed, – guyon toqiyafurush yakruya shuda pushtnoky kham shud va ba ze- ri pardae, ki dar peshi rafchahoi dukon kashida shuda bud, dast darovarda, az on jo yak dasta toqiyai darun ba darun guzoshtashudaro barovard va dar peshi nazari Qoriish- kamba guzoshta, az vay pursid:

– Magar haminho toqiyahoi shumo nestand?

Bad az on ki Qoriishkamba az oni khudash budani on toqiyahoro tasdiq kard, toqiyafurush dastai toqiyahoro qadre ba tarafi u tela doda ilova namud:

– Bardored, inhoro girifta bared! Maro toqati on nest, ki ham ba shumo khizmat kunam va ham tuhmat shuna- vam.

Qoriishkamba shuridani toqiyafurushro dida, ba uzriy daromad:

– Avval man sukhani shumoro va to hol ba furush naraftani toqiyahoro bovar karda budam, lekin hazl kar- da budam, vale shumo hazlro jiddy donista ba gazab oma- ded.

– Man charo ba gazab omada bosham, man in guna hazlhoi jiddinamoi shumoro aknun nashunavidaam, – guft toqiyafurush dar holate ki az shurish furomada bud.

Qoriishkamba past shudani otashi gazabi toqiyafurushro dida, az u bo choplusy va khushomadiy az rohi digar foida burdan khosta guft:

– Hazlro ba yak taraf monem, jiddy meguyam, ki man hamin ruz ba pul ekhtiyoji ziyod doram, chy meshavad, ki hojatbarory karda puli hamin toqiyahoro, hej naboshad nimaashro, hamin ruz ba man peshaky dihed! Ilohy salo- mat boshed! Dar haqqi farzandonaton ham duo mekunam.

– In sukhanaton hazl boshad ham, durust neyu az tagi dil boshad ham! – guft toqiyafurush bo ohangi jiddy.

– CHaro? – taajjubkunon pursid Qoriishkamba.

– Okhir, shumo az man khohish karda buded, ki toqiyahotonro ba kharidorhoi beruna bo narkhi yakkafurushy – bo narkhi baland furukhta diham. Albatta, dar furushi dona-dona va bo narkhi baland inho ba zudy furush namesha- vand va der memonand. Dar in surat man yak qismi sarmoyai khudro ba moli shumo band karda monam, az kujo paydoyu pa- sandoz mekunam, kharojoti ruzgoramro va ijorai dukonro az kucho yofta megiram va ba har sad tangai qarze, ki az shu- mo doram, bo kadom roh daromad karda, har moh duvunim tanga foida mediham…

Toqiyafurush qadre sokit monda va nafasashro rost girifta ilova namud:

– Biyoed, shumo qarzatonro, ki ba gardani man hast, yak moh befoida, ba sifati qarzi hasana moned yo in ki toqiyahotonro bo narkhi yaklukhtfurushy (bo narkhe, ki vo- furushon12 az duzandagon mekharand) baho karda dihed, dar on vaqt man hamai puli toqiyahotonro yakjoya naqd ba shumo mediham. CHy gufted, rozy hasted?

  • Ne, in kor ba man barobar nameoyad va dar on vaqt man qarib choryaki puli toqiyahoro az dast mediham, – guyon Koriishkamba raftan khost.
  • Naraved, nishined! Az boloi puli toqiyahoton ba shumo yak choynik choy dam karda diham, – guft toqiyafurush.
  • Ne, lozim nest, salomat boshed! Man hozir ba bonk rafta choy mensham, – guft Qoriishkamba va ba ohangi shukhy ilova namud: – ba joye, ki az boloi puli toqiyahoi man muhayyo meshuda boshad, na dandoni shumo megutad va na dandoni man.

Vaqte ki Koriishkamba raftagor shuda az peshi du- kon ba roh daromad, ba man, ki dar qafotari u istoda bu- dam, chashmi toqiyafurush aftoda:

  • Ba shumo chy darkor? – gufta pursid.
  • Ba man toqiya darkor, – guftam dar javobi u sukhani digare nayofta.

Qoriishkamba bo shunidani in javobi man az rohash bozgashta, ba toqiyafurush ru ovarda: – Ba in kas az toqiyahoi man nishon dihed! SHoyad yagontaashro dar peshi nazari khud furushonda puli nakd karda giram. Ba Hudo, ki ba pul ekhtiyojam ziyod ast.

Tiyafurush dastai toqiyahoi Qoriishkambaro ba dasti man doda:

  • YAke az inhoro khosta gired! – guft.

Man, ki dar haqiqat tokiya namekharidam, tokiyahoro beparvoyona az nazar guzaronda yake az onhoro ba tokiyafurush nishon doda:

  • Hamin chand pul? – gufta narkh pursidam.
  • Panj tanga! – guft tokiyafurush.
  • Du tanga, – guftam man dastai tokiyahoro ba furushanda gardonda doda istoda va dar dili khud «agar furushanda rozy shavad, bo chy bahona in bayro megardo- nam» gufta meandeshidam va bahonai makule nayofta, az bimi sharmandagii oyanda az saru ruyam arak merekht.
  • Insof kuned, dodar! – guft Qoriishkamba ba man nigoh karda, – okhir masolehe, ki ba har kadomi onho sarf shudaast, az chor tanga ziyodtar meistad, ba boloi in muzdi dukht ham hast. Hub, biyoed, ziyodatii kimati masolekhro va muzdi dukhtro ba shumo guzasht kunem. SHumo chor tanga dihed! Man ba in sukhanoni Qoriishkamba chize nagufta va guyo, ki sukhani uro noshunida bosham, khudro ba nofakhmy zadam.

Furushandai tachribakor, ki chiddy yo bulhavas buda- ni kharidorro az chashmoni u mefakhmid, kharidori bardurug budani maro pay burda, dastai tokiyahoro az dasti man girifta, dar zeri parda ba rafcha monda istoda ba Qori- ishkamba:

  • Koriamak, behuda khomtama nashaved, in kas tokiya namekharand! – guft.

Qoriishkamba az kharidorii man umedashro kanda ba rokh, daromad va man ham az dunboli u…

***

Qoriishkamba az dahanai tarafi rastai attorii timcha13 baromada ba peshi dukoni yak attor istod va man ham az pasi u rafta, bo tachribae, ki az sari dukoni tokiyafurush girifta budam, khudro kharidor sokhta, dar pahlui u rost istodam.

Kory bad az salom dodan ba sohibi dukon:

  • Ba hisobi aberaash yak khurok gulkand14 marhamat ku- ned! – guft.

Attor tabassumkunon sarpushi yak tosi misinro, ki dar peshash istoda bud, kushoda, az daruni vay bo belchai ohanin chormagz barin gulkand kanda girifta ba tarafi Kory daroz kard.

Qoriishkamba belcharo az dasti attor girifta az nugi vay gulqandro bo dandonash kanda girift va dar ho- late ki gulqandro mekhoid, belcharo ba attor gardonda do- da istoda:

  • Aberaash bisyor khurd budaast, ba buni dandonhoyam band shuda monda, chize az vay ba darun nadaromad.
  • Dukonam tang ast, mol az sarmoyaam kam, ba boloi in beshtarin molhoi man «kas makharu kas mayob»15, binobar in savdo ham kam meshavad va dar in guna ahvol aberaash ba zudy kalon nameshavad va ba voya namerasad.
  • Hub, ba hisobi aberaash neyu baroi Hudo boz yak belcha gulkand dihed, ki medaam khunuk shuda rafta az ishtiho mondaam. Duo mekunam: Ilohy tuyi farzandona- tonro bined!
  • Hayriyat, ki medaaton khunuk shuda az ishtiho mon- da budaed, vagarna tamomi dunyoro nakhoida furu meburded! – guft attor bo ohangi nimshukhiyu nimjiddy va belcharo az dasti u girifta ba vay boz yak belcha gulkand dod.

Attor shoyad maro hamrohi Qoriishkamba gumon kar- da boshad, ki ba man chize naguft va az man chize napursid. Ammo Qoriishkamba, ki ba man az vakti dar peshi dukoni attor dar pahluyash istodanam sar karda shubhaomezona nigoh mekard, dar vakti gulkandi duyumro khoyida isto- danash boz ba man yak nigohi tezi kunjkovona karda:

  • Dodar! SHumo magar ba man kor dored? – gufta pur- sid.

Man ba joyi on ki dar javobi u «bale, ba shumo kor doram» guyam va baroi izhori matlabi khud az vay joyi khilvat talab kunam va agar u maksadi maro shunidan kho- had, masalai huchraro ba peshi u monam, javobero, ki dar suoli «ba shumo chi darkor?» guftani attor tayyor karda monda budam, ba u doda:

  • Ba man murch darkor! – guftam.

Albatta, in javobi man ba suoli Qori bisyor bemu- nosibat aftod va medidam, ki u maro maskhara doshta zeri lab mekhandid va man az goyati sarosemagi dast ba jayb za- dam, to ki qadre pul barovarda, murche kharida az on var- tai sharmandagi zudtar gurezam. Ammo az badii toleam hamon vakt dar kisaam yagon pul ham nabudaast, az in hol surkh shuda, safed shuda va dar zeri obu araki hijolat monda, ba attor nigoh karda:

  • Holo pulam nabudaast. Man rafta pul ovarda bad az murchaton mekharam, – guyon az sari dukoni u dur shudam va dar vakti az peshi dukoni attor rafta istodanam chash- mam ba Qoriishkamba aftod: u ba attor nigoh karda labi zerinashro bar ruyi labi boloiyash kashid va bo sarash ba tarafi man ishora karda, namedonam, dar khususi man chi chizro ba u fahmondan mekhost.

shinos shudan bo vay fursatjuyy karda nametavonistam.

Ba man in bisyor alam mekard, ki in hama nobarorii kor az betadbirii khudam ruy doda bud, agar man dar javobi «Dodar, shumo ba man kor dored?» guftani Qori- ishkamba «Bale, ba shumo kor doram!» meguftam va ilova menamudam, ki «baroi arz kardani muddaoyam ba shumo yak joyi khilvat darkor ast», on hama takib kardani man uro ba nazari u tabiy menamud va, albatta, u maro ba gushae burda matlabamro mepursid va man masalai huchraro ba miyon meovardam. Dar on surat agar hujra ba dast nadaro- yad ham, shinosoy ba dast medaromad va dar oyanda rokhi omukhtani akhvoli in odami ajib, ki dikkati tabiati kunjkovi maro ba tarafi khud sakht kashida bud, ba man ku- shoda megardid va in baroi man az hujra ham mukhimtar bud.

Aknun pushaymony sud nadosht va «afsusu dareg» fo- ida namebakhshid, chunki tir az kamon barkhato jasta va murgi matlab az dom rasta bud.

Bo hamai in dilam namekhost az shinoso shudan bo in odam va omukhtani u umedamro tamom kanam va baroi yof- tani rokhi umedvory fikr mekardam, oqibat dar khayolam chorai zerinro makul namudam: «Bo pursukov unvon va nishoni khonai uro meyobam va dar yak vakti munosib rost ba khonaash ba peshi u meravam, dar nazdi u durug budani tokiyakhary va murchkhariamro ruyirost ikror mekunam va az dunbolagiriam maqsadi asly hujratalaby budanro ba u mefakhmonam va bo hamin az sharmandagie, ki dar peshi u ba man ruy dod, tamoman khalosy meyobam va dar hamin zimn rokhi shinosoy va omuzish ham kushoda meshavad…»

On shabro bo fikru khayol bedor guzaronidam va dar vakti sahar bo yoftani chorai okhirin kadre osuda shuda kho- bam burd.

IV

Ruzi digar man bo umedi yoftani khonai Koriishkam- ba ba cha baromadam va CHorsui shahri Bukhororo gardish karda, bo rastai choyfurushy, ki az tarafi shimoli kho- naqohi Devonbegy dar bayni madrasai Kukaltosh16 va masjidi Magoq17 kashida shuda bud, rahsipor gardidam.

Dar miyonajoi rastai choyfurushy dar tarafi janubi cha, dar ru ba ruyi paschai bozori angisht «CHnat- makony» nom yak saroy bino yofta bud. Dar du pahlui da- romadgohi in saroy, berun az darvozaash du sufachai ba- land voqe shuda bud. Bar ruyi yake az in sufachaho Rakhimi Qand18 nom yak kas lalii kandfurushiashro dar peshi khud nihoda menishast. Sufachai digari in saroy kholy buda, man goh-goh ba ruyi vay nishasta, bo kandfurushi mazkur suhbat mekardam. CHunki vay yak odami bisyor ajib buda, su- khanhoyash bagoyat zavqovar budand va gush kardani khikoya va sarguzashthoi vay maro bisyor khush meomad.

CHun dar in jo nomi Rakhimi Qand zikr yoft, lozim ast, ki bar boloi bayoni ahvoli u kadre istoda guzaram, to ki khonandagonro bo in odam, kame ham boshad, shinoso ku- nam.

Tavalludgokhi in odam dar dehai Foiki tumani SHofirkomi Bukhoro buda, dar shakhri Bukhoro nashunamo va kasbu kamol yofta, musikiro omukhtaast va u az asbobhoi musiky tanbur menavokht, ammo surud namekhond. In odam tabiatan bisyor bechora buda, az molu ashyoi dunyoy ham chize nadosht va bisyor fakirona zindagony mekard.

u dar peshai khud mahorati bisyor baland nadosht va ba boloi in monandi baze musikichiyoni on zamon majlisoro, sukhanvar, shirinkor va khushomadi ham nabud. Binobar in, uro odamoni sarvatmand dar tuyho va mekhmondorihoi purtantanai khud davat namekardand. Azbaski kharidorash kam va bozorash kasod bud, har kas uro baroi bazme davat kunad, dar yak shab ba du tanga muzd, ki barobari 30 tin ast, rozy meshud.

Azbaski narkhi tanburnavozii u nazar ba navozanda va khonandagoni digar khele arzon bud, mullobachagon – ta- labagoni madrasa dar ijtimoona – dar bazmhoi jamiyaty va shabnishinihoi khud beshtar hamin odamro davat karda meburdand. Man ham bo in kas dar hamin guna ijtimoo- naho shinos shuda budam.

Go mullobachagon dar bazmho va shabnishinihoi khud in odami bechorai beozorro bisyor ozor merasondand va ba u shukhihoi vashyonai azobovar mekardand. CHunon- chi, bore sharikdarsoni man, ki az sad nafar ziyoda budand, baroi sar kardani darsi nav az bayni khud 1500 tanga jam karda, 1400 tangai in mablagro dar darskhonai ustodi khud bo nomi iftitohona19 sarf namudand va bo sad tangai boqimonda khostand, ki ijtimoona tashkil dihand va dar on shabnishiny tanburnavozero davat namoyand.

SHarikon dar on majlis mablagi mazkurro sarf namuda baroi khud va mekhmononi khud ziyofati miyonaholo- nae tartib dodand va tanburnavozi in shabnishiny Rakhimi Knd bud va vazifai gazalkhonii in bazmro surud- khononi havaskor, ki bo istilokhi madrasa onhoro «savty» meguftand va onho az bayni talabagon ba tarzi khudomuzy rasida baromada budand, ado mekardand.

Bazm sar shud, Rakhimi Knd tanburnavozy mekard va talabagoni havaskor surud mekhondand. Azbaski dar bayni sharikon khushovozon bisyor budand va onho bo navbat muvofiqi nagmae, ki Rakhimi Knd menavokht, gazalkhony mekardand, on qadar monda nameshudand. Ammo Rakhimi Knd, ki yagona navozanda bud va to nimai shab beist va be damgiry tanburnavozy kard, digar yoroi ba tor nokhun za- danash namond va vakte ki uro boz ba navokhtan vodor kar- dan khostand:

  • Agar kusheton ham digar namenavozam, – guft bo ohangi katy.
  • Holo hamin tavr ast? – guft Amini Mush nom yake az talabagon, ki az surudkhonon bud.
  • Hamin tavr ast, digar namenavozam! – guyon matlabi khudro takror va takid kard Rahimi Qand.
  • SHarikon, khezed, «kharmurd» mekunem! – gufta Ami- ni Mush ba ahli majlis khitob kard va khud rafta Rahimi Qandro ba ruyi khona gelonda pakhsh kard va chand nafar talabagoni avbosh rafta ba Amini Mush yori doda, ba u hamrohi kardand: onho tanburnavozro zer karda musht- kubi kardan giriftand.

Rahimi Qandi bechora avval «ohu voy!» guyon faryod mekashid va bad az on ba giryavu zori daromad va okibat boz navokhtanro ba gardan girifta az in zarbu lati vahshiyona rahoi yoft.

Rahimi Qand bad az «kharmurd» bo chashmi giryon va panjahoi larzon boz kadre torhoi tanburro «ting-ting» kunonid, ammo in sado az sadoi tanbur ziyodatar ba gingo- si magase, ki dar torhoi tortanak darmondaast, monand bud…

Dar in vakt oshi okhirini ziyofat, ki palav bud, tay- yor shud va tabakhoi taom dar peshi mehmonon va sharikon kator shudand. Rahimi Knd ham be rukhsati kase az tan- burnavozii majburi khalosi yoft, chunki sharikon khurdani palavro az shunidani tanbur muhimtar medo- nistand.

Vakte ki majlisi ziyofat ba poyon rasida ahli majlis parokanda meshudand, tashkilkunandagoni in shabnishini ba Rahimi Knd du tanga baroi muzdi khizmatash, yakta non va yak kosa osh ham baroi burdan ba bachagonash ba tarzi inom dodand.

Rahimi Knd az in inomi talabagon, ki hej ba on nigaron nabud, bisyor khursand shuda:

  • Ilohi hamaaton mudarris shaved, mufti shaved, alam shaved, okhun shaved, rais shaved, kozi shaved va kozikalon20 shaved!… – guyon duo kard.
  • Baroi ba in mansabho rasidani hamai moyon, – guft yake az talabagon, – boyad hamai koziyon, raison va digar mulloyoni mansabdori imruza yo bimirand va yo bekor sha- vand. Agar in duoi turo, ki dar haqqi mullohoi mansab- dori imruza dar haqiqat duoi bad ast, onho shunavand, tu- ro «kharmurd» karda mekushand.
  • Maylashon, – guft Rahimi Qand dar holate ki la- bonash bar khilofi odati muqarrariash ba tabassum moil shuda budand, – agar bad az «kharmurd» kardan yakto non va yak kosa osh dihand, kushand ham zarar nadorad.

***

Zindagonii Rahimi Knd khele tang bud: albatta, bo du tanga daromad, ki vay ham har ruz ba dast namedaro- mad, bo yakto non va yak kosa osh, ki onho ham ba tarzi taso- dufi az tuyho va ziyofathoi kalon dar haftaho va mohho ba tarzi «inom» meomadand, yak oilaro ser kardan mum- kin nabud. Agar u ba peshai digare mashguli kardan khohad, hunari digare nadosht va baroi kharidufurush sarmoya nadosht. Nochor u qandfurushii dastakiro baroi khud da- romadi ilovagi qaror doda bud, ki hamai sarmoyaash dar in kor qadre qand, konfet va obidandon21 bud, ki hamagi az panch tanga ziyodtar qimat nadoshtand.

Kndro shikasta mayda karda, ba har kadomi lundahoi kalontarash du pul22 va ba rezatarash yak pul baho monda, ba yak tarafi lali mechid va ba tarafi diga- ri lali kanfethoi arzonbaho va obidandonhoro, ki az loyshakar sokhta meshudand, rekhta, ba har kadomi onho ham yakpuli yo dupuli narkh memond va hamin lalii «orostai khud»-ro har pagoh bardoshta omada, ba ruyi sufai saroyi CHnnatmany menishast va ba tolibonash mefurukht va kharidoroni u beshtarin bachagoni chagard budand.

Mardumi Bukhoro hamin kasbi Rahimi tanburiro ba nazar girifta va ba nomi u kalimai «Qand»-ro ilova karda, uro «Rahimi Qand» meguftand.

Man goho az «molhoi tijoraii Rahim ba du pul qand yo kanfet kharida, ba dahon andokhta, bar sufachai di- gar makida menishastam. In kharidi man az jihati ehtiyojam ba shirini nabuda, balki baroi shunidani sukha- noni ba mazoki man az kand ham guvorotari u bud. CHunki u bo in kharidi nochizi man khursand shuda, ba sukhan medaro- mad.

Hiohoi Rakhimi Qand beshtar az sarguzasht va yoddoshthoi khudash, az akhvoli khudash va az dida yo shuni- dahoyash bud. Dar in jo boyad haminro ham kayd kunam, ki Rahimi Knd bazan chizhoi ba khayolash omadaro ham mo- nandi on, ki khud karda boshad yo dida boshad, bo bovarii tamom khikoya mekard va shirintarini guftahoi u ham hamin guna hiohoi afsonamonandash ba shumor meraf- tand.

Az chizhoe, ki az Rakhimi Knd shunidam, du porcha ba yodam mondaast va man mekhoham hamon porchahoro dar in jo nakl namoyam.

Ruze Rakhimi Qand az betamizihoi zamona va az sanatnoshinosihoi mardum shikoyat karda guft:

  • Agar dar mardum tamiz mebud va sanatro meshi- nokhtand, hunarmandro az behunar fark karda metavonis- tand va kadri hunarmandonro medonistand, ba sozandagoni digar on muomila va ba man in muomilaro namekardand, yane digaronro ba osmon bardoshta, maro ba zamin nameza- dand va hol on ki aksari in hofizon va navozandagon shogirdoni beustod buda, talimnadida va monandi alafi begonai dar gulzor ruida dar zamini sanat khudruy mebo- shand. Ammo akhmakfirebiro khub medonand va dar peshi mardumoni betamiz khudsitoi karda khub pul mekashand va man, ki ba chandin ustodi zabardast chandin sol khizmat karda in hunarro ba dast darovardaam, ba khurdan non nadoramu ba pushidan tanbon.23

Rakhimi Qand bad az in mukaddima baroi isboti hunarmandii khud va zabardastii ustodoni khud «yoddoshti zerini khudro nakl kard:

  • Man, – guft u, – ba Nasrullohboyi degfurush, ki

mardum nomi uro kutoh karda «Nasrullohi Deg» meguftand va dar shashmakomdoni yagonai davron bud, dah sol ba tarzi shogirdi khizmat kardaam. Bad az on ki man dar peshi u shashmakomro ob karda khurdam, maro hamrokhi khud ba mekhmoniho burdan girift.

Rakhimi Knd az on mekhmoniho, ki hamrokhi ustodi khud raftaast, yakero mukhimtar va sazovori kayd shumurda, ba tarzi zerin nakl kard:

  • Ustodam Nasrullohi Deg yak shab maro ba chorbogi domodi kozikalon, ki dar dehai Hitoyon bud, hamrokhi khud girifta burd.

Dar on jo khonanda va navozandagoni digar ham bu- dand, ki hamai sozhoro jur karda va hamai surudkhonon hamovoz shuda, to nimai shab navokhtand va khondand. Bad az taomi nimishabi, ki hamai mekhmonon va sozandagon ba har taraf parokanda shuda khobidand, ustodi man ba sokhibi bog guft:

  • Agar khosta boshed va rukhsat dihed, khudam bo shogirdam yak bazmi khosagii alokhida karda mediham.

Albatta, domodi kozikalon bo khursandi rozi shud va Nasrullohboy torhoi tanburro ba havoi «Navo» soz kar- danro farmud. Tanburro soz kardam, ustod doyraro ba dast girifta usul nigoh doshta mekhond va man menavokh- tam. YAk vakt du bulbul parvozkunon omada ba boloi shokhi darakhte, ki mo dar zeri vay bazm mekardem, nishastand. Bulbulon bad az kadre orom istoda ba nagmasaroii mo gush dodan muvofiki havoe, ki mo menavokhtem, ba chahchakhny daromadand.

Az in kori bulbulon ustodi man ziyoda ba shavk oma- da, guyo, ki bo onho bahs mabahs mekhonda boshad, nolahoi falakpech barovardan girift va man ham bo nokhunhoi obdori khud torhoi tanburro dilkharoshona melarzondam, shunavandagon az nagmahoi jongudozi man guyo, ki ba ragu payi onho nokhun zada istoda bosham, dar tapish va jushu khurush omadand…

Rakhimi Knd dar okhiri in yoddoshti khud guft.

  • Okibat bulbulon az mo maglub gardida khomush mondand va bad az kadre khomush istodan onho tamoman behushu beikhtiyor shuda khudro az shokhi darakht ba suyi mo andokhtand, yake az onho omada ba gushaki tanburi man ni- shast va digare – ba gardishi doyrai Nasrullohboy. In holro dida shunavandagon ba jushu khurush omadand va sa- doi tahsinu ofarini onho ba osmon rasid va bo hamin bazm ham tamom shud.

Durug budani in guna «sarguzasht»-hoi Rahimi Qand ravshan boshad ham, man ba u az in khusus lab namekushodam, balki khudro chunon nishon medodam, ki guyo hamai on su- khanhoro bovar kardaam. CHunki agar u ba in guna hiohoi khud andak nobovarii maro pay meburd, bisyor meshurid, na tanho meshurid, hatto bimi on bud, ki oshnoii khudro az man burida, digar ba man in guna khikoyahoro nakl naku- nad. Va hol on ki shunidani in guna hiohoi u ba man bisyor zavk medod. Man, khususan, az in jihat zavk mekar- dam, ki u yoddoshthoi khudro bo kamoli jiddiyat va bovari nakl mekard va ba bovar kardani man ham akidai u komil bud.

bam namebarad.

Hulosa, Rahimi Qand dar boloi kahramonii hamin Azizullohi durugguy ba man guft:

  • Azizulloh dar katori navkaroni galaboturi25 amir dar jangi kuhiston ba tarafi hisoriyon va kulobiyon hujum ovardaast va dar tozi asp ba har shamsher zadan dah- duvozdah kasro kalam karda mepartoftaast. Ruze dar vakti garmii jang aspi u dartoz az bayni du darakhti tut, ki ba ham nazdik ruyida shokhhoyashon ba ham pechida buda- and, guzashtaast va dar vakti guzashtani asp az bayni da- rakhton sari Azizulloh dar shokhhoi darakhton band shuda gardanash kanda shuda mondaast. Ammo u cholokona sari aspro pas gardonda omada, kallai khudro az shokhhoi darakht judo karda ba joyi khudash guzoshtaast, azbaski khunash hanuz sard nashuda budaast, sarash monandi avvala ba ta- naash chaspida mondaast va u ham guyo ki ba vay hej vokea ruy nadoda boshad, misli peshtara ba jang davom karda- ast.

Man az shunidani in hikoya khele zavk girifta va az kamoli khursandy khususiyati tabiati Rahimi Qandro az kho- tir barovarda ba u guftam:

  • Hayriyat, ki Azizulloh sarosema shuda kallai khud- ro ba tanaash chappa naguzoshtaast, vagarna chashmoni u ba kafoi u joygir shuda, dar zindagy bisyor dushvoriho me- kashid.

Rahimi Knd az in guftahoi man nisbat ba hikoyai khud noboriro buy burda yakbora ba shur omada guft:

  • u kur nabud va beakl ham nabud, ki chy guna ba tana guzoshtani kallai khudro nadonad!

Man uzrho gufta, bovarii khudro ba hikoyai u isbot karda, shubhai uro nisbat ba khudam tamom az dilash baro- vardam. Bo vujudi in, u chand goh in guna hikoyahoro ba man nakl nakard.

V

Man ba rastai choyfurushy rahsipor gardida, to pe- shi saroyi CHnatmakony rasidam. Dar on jo Rahimi Knd lalii «khushbor»-i khudro dar peshash monda, ba ruyi 35

sufachai muqarrariash nishasta bud, man az u ba du pul yak dona obidandon kharida ba dahonam andokhta, ba sufachai digari saroy nishastam.

Imruz maqsadi asosii man yoftani              cha, guzar va

havlii Qoriishkamba buda, hamai fikru havosam ba in maqsad band bud, binobar in, baroi ba sukhan darovardani Rakhimi Qand va khikoya guyondani vay kushishe nakarda, dar fikr furu rafta budam…

Man hanuz obidandoni dar dahon giriftaamro ma- kida tamom karda nabudam, ki Qoriishkamba az tarafi sharki rasta – az tarafi madrasai Kukaltosh namoyon gar- did. Man baroi purra va pukhta didani ruyi u chashmamro ba u dukhtam. CHun u nazdiktar rasida nazarash ba man aftod, chashmonashro az man nakanda omadan girift. Man az nigohhoi tezi manidori u dar haqqi khudam «in durugguyi diruza!» guftani uro pay burdam, binobar in sharm doshta chashmamro az vay kanda, khudro ba nodony za- dam, lekin bo gushai chashm harakathoi uro takib mekar- dam.

u rost ba peshi sufachai Rakhimi Qand omada, az qandi mayda va obidandonhoi u yakdonagy girifta ba dahonash zad va az konfet ham yak dona girifta, dar holate ki qogazi vayro chudo mekard, ba rosh davom namud.

Rakhimi Qand bo ranghoi kanda va labhoi larzon:

  • Koriamak, shukhy nakuned! Man odami bechorai ayol- mand mebosham, puli qandu konfetu obidandonro doda ra- ved! – guft bo ohangi zory.

Qoriishkamba be on ki qadami peshpartoftaashro pas guzorad yo in ki az rosh bozistad:

  • Kurnamaky nakun! Diruza oshro az yodat nabaror! Dar yagon mavridi digar boz ba tu naf rasonda joyi in moli nochizonaatro chand-chand karda pur mekunam, – guyon ba rosh davom namud.

Rakhimi Knd zeri lab gur-gurkunon «iskit26, mur- dany!..» guyon uro dashnom medod.

  • In kas kist!- gufta man az Rahimi Qand pursidam, guyo ki uro hej nameshinokhta bosham.
  • YAk hindui sallanok, yak sudkhuri guzaro, yak khasisi chirki dandonkhur! – guft Rahim dar javob.
  • Magar u diruz shumoro ziyofat karda bud, ki «kur- namaki nakun, diruza oshro az yodat nabaror!» guyon ba shu- mo minnat kard?
  • Oshi uro to hol zanash ham nakhurdaast, – guft Rahimi Knd, – hikoyati «oshi diruza» in tarika ast, – guyon u hikoyati zerinro nakl namud:
  • Diruz maro yak mashkob ba tuyash khabar karda bud. Man dar on jo dar rui sufa ba boloi kat nishasta tanbur menavokhtam. YAk vakt dar katori mehmonon in odam ham ba khona daromad va hamrohi onho ba mehmonkhona daromada osh khurda baromad. Bad az taom mehmononi digar raftand, ammo in odam bar ruyi kat baromada, ba sohibi khona choy farmuda, dar pahlui man choy nushida nishast. CHand guruh mehmononi digar ham omada osh khurda raftand. Vakte ki mehmoni karib ba poyon rasid, u ba ka- sone, ki dar on tuy khizmat mekardand:
  • Ba in kas ham osh biyoreton, okhir! – guft maro ni- shon doda, – hamrohi dasti in kas shikamashon ham tanbur navokhta istodaast. Oshi in kas sergushtu serravgantar shavad.

YAk tabak oshi palav ovardand. Dar hakikat sergushtu serravgan bud. Ammo dahyaki on osh ham nasibi man nashud: bo vujudi in ki u az mehmonkhona dar katori mehmonon osh khurda baromada bud, in oshro bo ishtihoi avvala khurdan gi- rift. u to yak lukma khurdani man du-se lukma mekhurd va chunonki shikambandaho mekunand, har lukmaro «dugushtai orinjshor» karda, yane dar har lukma du lunda gushtro ham- roh karda va ravganashro to orinji khud shoronda, megirift.

Bad az taom man khostam, ki boz tanbur navozam va ba hamin maksad gushakhoi tanburro tofta torhoro soz kardan giriftam, ammo u dahonashro ba gushi man nazdik ovarda pichirroszanon:

  • Biyo aknun tanburnavoziro bas kun! Omadurafti mekhmonho ham tamom shud, – guft va ilova namud, – man az in tuy ba tu yak tabak osh girifta mediham, ba hamin shart, ki nimaashro ba man medikhi Rozi hasti?
  • Durust, man rozi! – guftam ba u.
  • In tavr boshad, az sokhibi tuy rukhsat purs!
  • Aknun ijozat dihed! – guftam man ba sokhibi tuy tanburamro ba childash andokhta istoda.

Sokhibi tuy du tanga pulro bo yakto non va yak kaf kandalot ovarda ba pesham guzosht. Man tangaro ba jaybi khud andokhta, non va kandalotro dar ruymolchai khud bastan giriftam. Dar hamin vakt in odam ba sokhibi tuy maro nishon doda:

  • In kas odami ayolmand meboshand. Ba in kas yak ta- bak oshi sergushtu ravgan kashed, ba ruyash yakto noni tafton pushonda dihed! Mavride voke shavad, in kas ba shumo boz khizmat mekunand, – guft.

Sokhibi i sukhani uro kabul namuda oshro tayyor karda ovard. u pesh daromad va man tanburu tabaki oshro bardoshta az havli baromadam. Sokhibi tuy moro gusel karda istoda ba man:

  • Ovarda dodani tabakro az khotir faromush nakuned! – guft. Hamin ki mo az tuykhona chand kadam dur shudem, u ba man:
  • Havlii man dar sari rokhi tu meboshad, avval on jo meravem. Bad az on, ki man az osh haqqi khudro giriftam, tu tabakro bo bokimondai osh bardoshta ba khonaat me- ravi! – guft.

Man rozi shudam. Mo bisyor kuchavu paschahoro bu- rida guzashta, okibat ba havlii u rasidem. Malum shud, ki havlii u nisbat ba havlii man az tuykhona durtar buda- ast…

Man, ki juyoi dar kujo budani havlii Qoriishkamba budam, fursatro az dast nadoda va sukhani Rakhimi Kndro

burida:

  • Havlii u dar kadom guzar va dar kadom cha buda-

ast? – gufta pursidam.

Dar guzari Kemukhtgaron27, dar okhiri on paschai peshbasta ast, ki vay dar pushti saroyi kafshu mahsi- furushy voke shudaast, – guyon Rahimi Knd ba pursishi man javob doda, boz hikoyati khudro davom kunonid: – Vakte ki ba dari havliash rasidem, u baroi giriftani hissai khud tabaki oshro az dasti man girifta ba havlii darunash burd va bad az chand daqiqa tabaki ruyash ku- shodaro barovarda ba man dod. Nonu gushti oshro tamoman rabudaast, az osh ham takhminan hashtyak mondaast va ravgani oshro to chakrai okhirinash chakonda giriftaast, – guyon Rahimi Qand hikoyai khudro tamom kard va dar okhir ilova namud: – In odam boy boshad ham, bisyor chashmgurus- na budaast, baroi sitondani yagon chiz az hej kor ibo ham namekunadu or ham, bo vujudi in, chashmash ser nameshavad.

Man dar javobi u guftam:

  • Harchand Sadii SHerozy guftaast, ki «…chashmi tangi dunyodorro yo qanoat pur kunad, yo khoki gur», man meguyam, ki «chashmi tangi dunyodorro na kanoat pur kunad, na khoki gur».

Badi in sukhan man zud az sufacha barkhostam, zero nishonai havlii Qoriishkamba, ki maksadi asosii onruzaam bud, az gayri chashmdoshti man az on suhbat ba dast daromada bud. Aknun meboist man ba zudy ba khonai u meraftam.

[*] Oriyat – chizero ba kase baroi istifodai muvaqqaty dodan ast. Dar istilohi madrasahoi Bukhoro talabagonero, ki dar hujrai kasoni digar zindagi mekardand, «oriyatnishin» meguftand.

[†] Ertish – porchai suf va yo chit, ki dar vaqthoi pesh dar hangomi dafni murda ba tarzi sadaqa ba kasone, ki ba sari qabr cham omadaand, doda meshud.

SHakli purrai kitobro az in link borbardori namoed  >>>Margi-sudxur

Skachat bezplatno! knigu Rostovshika (Margi Sudkhur – mardi khakki mardumonro mekhurda)

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Zarbulmasalhoi khoriji –jahoni (Vetnami)

Tarbuzro zog nul zadu laklakro jazo dodand. Aspro dar safari dur meozmoyand. Odami zishtru kushish …

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