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Mohiyat, vazifaho va davrahoi omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot

Omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot hamchun davrai sikli hayotii mol, omodakunii tekhnologii istehsolot va tayyorii tashkilii istehsolotro dar bar megirad.

Maqsadi omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologi in omodakunii hujjathoi tekhnologi va tashkilii istehsoli mahsuloti nav meboshad.

Vazifahoi omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot az inho iborat ast:

  • tahlili tekhnologiyai mahsuloti nav;
  • tahlili tekhnologiyaho, dastgohho va iqtidorhoi istehsolii mavjudai korkhona;
  • korkardi jarayonhoi tekhnologii istehsoli mahsuloti nav, dastgohhoi gayristandartii tekhnologi va tayyorkunii onho;
  • bameyorgirii talabot ba namudhoi zakhirahoi gunoguni moddi- tekhniki;
  • loihakashii qitahoi navi istehsoli;
  • bastani shartnoma bo taminkunandagoni navi zakhirahoi moddi- tekhniki;
  • hisobgirii meyorhoi tashkili jarayonhoi istehsoli;
  • korkardi naqshahoi favri-taqvimii istehsolii mahsulot;
  • idorakunii favriiomodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot va gayra.

5654Mehnatgunjoishii korho az rui omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot va kharojot baroi guzaronidani on az kharojoti korhoi ilmi-tadqikoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori khele ziyodtar ast. Masalan, dar IMA kharojot baroi omodakunii tashkili-tekhnologii istehsolot 11 marotiba az kharojoti korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori ziyodtar ast.

Tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot in majmui ravandhoi ba ham aloqamandi ilmi-tekhnikie meboshad, ki omodagii tekhnologii korkhonaro jihati muvofiqi naqsha istehsol kardani mahsuloti ba standarti davlati va sharoithoi tekhnikii sifat muvofiq budaro, tamin mekunad. Dar aloqamandi bo sertifikatsiyai mahsuloti sanoati talabot ba sifati mahsulot afzoish meyobad.

Nizomi yagonai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot in nizomi muqarranamudai standarti davlatii tashkil va idorakunii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot meboshad, ki dar asosi dastovardhoi ilmu tekhnika muntazam takmil doda shuda, inkishofi tayyorii tashkilii istehsolotro dar zinahoi gunoguni idorakuni tamin mekunad.

Maqsadi asosii nizomi yagonii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot in tamini sharothoi zaruri baroi noil shudan ba tayyorii purrai hama guna istehsolot ba barorishi mahsulot bo sifati dodashuda dar muhlati optimali va bo kharji optimalii zakhiraho meboshad.

Nizomi yagonai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot chunin talabothoro ba miyon merad:

  • nigarishi yagonai intikhob va tashkili istifodai usulho va vositahoi tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot, ki ba dastovardhoi peshqadami ilm, tekhnika va istehsolot muvofiqat karda shuda;
  • darajai balandi hassosiyati istehsolotro ba takmildihii muntazam va guzarish ba istehsoli tekhnikai nisbatan mukammalro tamin kunad;
  • tashkili oqilonai ijroishi mekhanikonidashuda va avtomatikunonidashudai majmui korhoi muhandisi-tekhniki
  • avtomatikunonii bunyodi obektho va vositahoi istehsoli, korkardi jarayonhoi tekhnologi va idorakunii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot, aloqamandii on va digar nizomi avtomatikunonidashudai idorakuni va zernizomho, samaranokii balandi tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot.

Sokhtori nizomi yagonai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot bo majmui chunin omilho muayyan karda meshavad:

  • tarkibi funksionalii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot;
  • darajai halli vazifahoi tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot. Vazifahoi tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot dar hama sathho hal karda shuda, az rui chor funksiyai zerin guruhbandi karda meshavand:
  • tamini tekhnolgiyai konstruksiyai masoleh;
  • korkardi jarayonhoi tekhnologi;
  • loihakashi va sokhtani vositahoi mujahazgardonii tekhnologi;
  • tashkil va idorai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot.

Asosi nizomi yagonai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolotro onho tashkil medihand:

  1. tahlili sistemavi-sokhtorii sikli tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot;
  1. tipikunoni va standartizatsiyai jarayonhoi tekhnologii istehsol va nazorati mahsulot;
  1. standartizatsiyai jihozonidani tekhnologi va olotho;
  2. agregatironii tajhizot az unsurhoi standarti (blokho).

Marhilahoi nizomi yagonai tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolotro inho tashkil medihand:

  • tahlili nizomi tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot dar korkhona va dar soha mavjudbuda;
  • korkardi loihai tekhnikii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot;
  • korkardi loihai korii tayyorii tekhnologii istehsolot (korkardi tekhnologiyahoi ittilooti, tasnifgari ittiothoi tekhniki- iqtisodi, tekhnojarayonho, hujjatho baroi tashkili joyhoi kori va qitahoi makhsusgardonidashuda, usulhoi korkardi guruhi, tashkili hujjatho va dasturamalhoi vazifavi va gayra).

Tipi kunonidani (tipizatsiya) jarayonhoi tekhnologi, in majmui korhoe ba hisob meravand, ki banizomdarori va tahlili qarorhoi imkonpaziri tekhnologiro hangomi istehsoli mahsuloti har yak guruhi tasnifotiro dar bar megirad.

Jarayoni tekhnologii namunavi va korkardi on bo du roh amali karda meshavad:

YAkum, jarayoni tekhnologii mavjudai istehsoli mahsuloti muayyan, ki nisbatan purra ba talaboti intikhobi varianti oqilonai namunavi javobgu ast, ba sifati asos qabul karda meshavad;

Duyum, az nav kor karda baromada meshavad (qismati guzarishho ba jarayoni dar korkhona mavjud buda muvofiq buda, qismati digarion ba korkhonai digar vobasta ast). Mahaki intikhob in inkishofyobandagi va paydarpaii oqilona meboshad. Masalan detalhoi namunavi, ki 60-65%- ro tashkil medihand, jarayonhoi namunavii tekhnologi korkard karda meshavad. YAk jarayoni tekhnologii namunavi az 10 to 300 jarayonhoi tekhnologii originaliro metavonad ivaz kunad. Baroi chunin jarayonho ba monandi, shtampovka, gudozish, sokhtani detalho bo yorii metalurgiyai khulavi va gayra jarayonhoi namunavii tekhnologi mehnatgunjoishii mahsulotro az 3 to 5 marotiba past mekunand.

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