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Oftobparasty dar Misr

In jo mo avvalin mazhari oftobparastiro mebinem. Ibodati Oftob dar Misri bostoni khee rivoj doshtaast. Horisro naboyad yagona khudoi oftob donist. Mardumi Misr ba khubi medonistand, ki rushd va numui nabotot va farovonii gallt to chi had ba partavi nuri khurshedi jahontob vobastagi dorad. Az in ru, az ibtido misriyon harorat va nurro meparastidand.

oftobparastiMaruftarin khudo dar Misri bostoi Ra (yo Re) khudoi Oftob bud. Ammo ramzi Oftob nazdi misriyon gunogun ast. Misriyon oftobro ba shakli parranda (masalan dar Horis), ki dar qiyofai bozi balandparvoz bo qanothoi kushoda va niz ba shakli hashara-qunguz yo gambusaki akhlotkhor tasavvur mekardand, ki onro Sakarab guyand. Va in hasharotro dar tamomi Misr muhtaram meshumoridand. In jo shoyad ravandi tahavvuli oini totemisti yo khud zuhuri boqimondahoi onro darmeyobem. Misriyoni kishovarz bayni amali gambusaki akhlotkhor- Sakarab, yane hamon holati akhlotero, ki dar on tukhm mondaast va ba sarbardoshta dar mazraa in su on su charkhidan va gululai sokhtai uro bo harakati qursi Oftob shabohate medodaand.

Az in ru, onho dar osmon niz chunin hasharai falaki tasavvur mekardand, ki Oftob-gululai on va on khud quvvai muharriki Oftob ast. Va on hasharai osmoniro Haprer nom doda va ehtiromi quddusi bar on qoil budand. Dar hazorai 2600 – 2200 q.m. parastishi Oftob hamchun mazhari qudrati shohon va salotini rui zamin shinokhta meshavad. Firavni Misr ba laqabi «Farzandi Ra» yo pisari Oftob maruf shud va ahromho (piramidaho)ro baramze az shulai Oftob dar har gushai in kishvar bino kardand.

Badtar khudoi Oftob «Ra»-ro bo nomi Amon (yo Amun) murakkab kardaand. Hamin tavr, khudoi Amon-Ra ba vujud omad va mabade baroi u dar sh. Karnok bino kardand. Az Amon-Ra du farzand: Mut va Hunsu ba vujud omadand.

Asotir va nomhoi khudoyoni ziyodi misri azbaski zamoni tahavvuli tuloniro tay kardaand, dar in yo on davra tagir kardaand. CHunon ki qablan zikr shud, az laboni Ra khudoyon berun omadaand. Dar tasavvurot va andeshahoi asotiriyu dinii misriyon mo avvalin namunai paydoishi anjumani khudoyonro mebinem, ki zinnae ba sui tashakkuli khudoshinosii tavhidi ast. Dar in jo Amon Ra doroi farzandon ast.

Nakhust pisari u SHu dar shakli insone, ki ba zamin takya zada osmonro bo du dast doshtaast va dukhtarash Teftun -khudoi rudi Nil va rutubat. SHu va Teftun bo ham khonador shudan va ba khudoi Ra du nabera Jeb va Nut-ro ba bor ovardand. Jeb khudoi zamin va Nut olihai osmon gardid., vayro dar shakli sheri zard tasvir mekardand. Dar ibtido onho az ham judo nabudand. Vale bad chun Jeb bo khoharash, ki vay har sahar farzandonashro mekhurd, davo mekardand, SHu onhoro az ham judo kard. Jeb dar holati ufuqi khobida mond, Nut ba bolo bardoshta shud. Jebro khobida bo toj bar sar va tani bo rustaniho pushida va Nutro «zoyandai khudoyon», «modari buzurgi sitoraho» sitorapush tasvir mekardand, har ruz u farzandoni khudro furu mebarad va boz mezoyad. Tanho ba chor nafar az farzandonash imkoni firor az in taqdiri mudhish muyassar meshavad. Onho du barodaron- Osirus va Set va du khohar- Isidda va Neftida budand.

Hamin tavr majmui khudoyoninuhgona – enneada ba vujud omad.

Onho:

  1. – «Ra» yo «Ra» – mazhari khurshed.
  2. – «SHu yo Su» – mazhari havo
  3. – «Tefnut» – mazhari khalo va nesti
  4. – «Jeb» – khudoi zamin
  5. – «Nut» – olihai osmon
  6. – «Osiris» – yo khud Aziris – Hudoi Nil
  7. – «Izis» – khudoi zamini hosilkhez
  8. – «Sit» – khudoi sahro
  9. – «Niftis» – khudoi zamini nokoram

Tibqi tasavvuroti misriyon hamai khudoyon va anosiri tabiat az dahani «Ra» berun omadaand. Az in ru «Ra» khudoi buzurg bud.

Dar Misr kohinon naqshi ziyode dar hayoti siyosiyu ijtimoii on doshtand.

Dar boramon

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