Home / Ilm / Payravi az hadis va mukholifat bo mazhabi ahli kalom

Payravi az hadis va mukholifat bo mazhabi ahli kalom

Ibni Kasir meguyad, Imom SHofei meguyand: «Agar bandae bo har nav gunoh juz shirk ba dargohi Hudovand biyoyad, behtar az in ast, ki bo ilmi kalom ba dargohi Hudovand biyoyad».
Hamchunin meguyad: «Agar mardum medonistand dar ilmi kalom chi qadar afkori botilu nodurust va havovu havas vujud dorad, hamon tavre ki az sheri daranda firor mekunand, az ilmi kalom ham firor mekardand».
Boz meguyad: «Hukmi man dar borai ahli kalom in ast, ki shalloq zada shavand va onhoro dar miyoni qaboil bigardonand va elon kunand: «In jazoi kase ast, ki Quron va sunnati Rasululloh (s)-ro tark karda, ba ilmi kalom ruy ovardaast»».
Buvayti az Imom SHofei naql mekunad, ki meguft: «Bo ahli hadis boshed, zero rohi inho az hamai rohho sahehtar ast».
SHofei meguyad: «Hangome ki yake az ahli hadisro mebinam, guyo yake az ashobi Rasulullohro didaam. Hudovand eshonro jazoi khayr dihad, ki asl va poyai dinro baroi mo hifz karda, bar mo minnat nihodaand». Dar in mavrid in sherro surudaast:
Kullul-ulumi sival-Quroni mashgalatun,
Al ilmu mo kona fihi qola haddasano.
Illal-hadisa va illal-fiqha fid-dini,
Va mo sivo zoka vasvosush-shayotini.
Ibni Kasir meguyad: «Rabi va bisyore az shogirdoni mumtozi Imom meguyand: «Imom SHofei dar barobari oyot va ahodise, ki sifoti Hudovandro bayon mefarmoyand, rohu ravishi salafro intikhob karda budand. YAne biduni tashbeh kardani Hudovand ba kase az bandagonash va na mushakhkhas kardani chigunagii on sifat va na nafy kardani on sifat az Hudovand va na tabir kardan ba maonie, ki mukholif bo asli oyot va ahodis meboshad».
Ibni Hajar dar kitobi «Tavolit-tasis» dar bobi «Zikri on chi ki dar payravi az salaf dar etiqodot va ehtirom guzoshtan ba ahodisi Payombar (s) naql shudaast» az Imom SHofei naql mekunad, ki meguyad: «Har kas, ki bar asosi Quron va sunnat sukhan biguyad, pas u barhaq ast va har kas, ki az gayri Quron va sunnat sukhan meguyad, pas u hazayon meguyad».
Imom Navavi meguyad: «Az on jumla, ba kor burdani sayu kushish dar yori kardani hadisi Rasululloh (s) va payravi az on, jamovarii ahodisi mutafovit dar mavridi yak masalai khos va bartaraf kardani ikhtilofot bayni in ahodis va yo jam kardan bayni in ahodis bo mahorati khosse meboshad, to on joe, ki vaqte ba Iroq omadand, uro «Nosirul-hadis» (yoridihandai hadis) nom nihodand. Ulamo va fuqahoi Huroson ba payrovoni Imom SHofei laqabi «Ashobul-hadis»-ro nihodaand. Bo in hol Imom SHofei ba khotiri in ki hej bashare ihotai komil bar ulum nadorad, janbai ehtiyotro rioyat karda, hamesha ba amal kardan ba hadisi saheh va tark kardani qavli vay tavsiya mekunad, dar surate, ki in qavl ba hadisi saheh va sobit tanoquze doshta boshad. Payravoni Imom SHofei dar barobari fatvohoe, ki ba hadis mukholifand, ba in vasiyat amal karda, hadisro bar qavli Imom SHofei muqaddam kardaand».

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

jubron-xalil

Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

222222222222222