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Prinsiphoi tahlili loihai innovatsioni

Dar asosi amali loihavi ba faoliyati sarmoyaguzori va innovatsionii korkhona prinsipi voridshavii puli mavjud ast. Baroi hamin samaranokii tijorati dar asosi tavsiyahoi metodologii bahoi samaranokii loihahoi sarmoyaguzori va intikhobi onho baroi mablagguzori muayyan karda meshavad.

Ba sifati nishondihandahoi asosii loihahoi innovatsioni tavsiyahoi talimoti muqarar karda meshavad:

  • samaranokii moliyavi (tijorati), ki natijahoi moliyaviro baroi ishtirokchiyoni loiha ba hisob megirad;
  • samaranokii bujeti, ki natijahoi moliyaviro baroi bujeti hamai darajahoi idorakuni (korkhona, soha, mintaqa, davlat) ba hisob megirad;
  • samaranokii iqtisodii umumikhalqi, ki kharojot va natijahoi berun az manfiathoi ishtirokchiyoni loiharo niz ba hisob megirad.

Qayd kardan zarur ast, ki barobari nishondihandahoi zikrshuda khususiyathoi arzishi doshta, inchunin ahamiyati ijtimoi, siyosi va ekologii loihai innovatsioniro ba hisob giriftan zarur ast.

inovaHususiyati tahlili innovatsioni pesh az hama dar vaseshavii doirai masalahoi tashkil, bahodihi, intikhob va mablagguzorii on ifoda meyobad, ki dar navbati khud kori tahlilgaronro mushkil megardonad. Dar tahlili loihahoi innovatsioni masalahoi ziyod paydo meshavand. YAkum, miqdori obekthoi tahlishavanda meafzoyad.

Ziyodshavii obekthoi tahlilshavanda asosan bo navigarii mahsulot, nomuayyanii vazi bozor, khususiyati intikhobi maqsadnoki dastgohi istehsoli va tekhnologi, tayyori ba bozomuzii kadrho, inchunin bo tavakkali tekhniki, tekhnologi va tijorati aloqamandi dorad.

Gayr az inho hangomi korkardi navovari ba masalahoi huquqi, institutsionali, ekologi va ijtimoi niz boyad diqqat doda shavad.

Duyum, bahodihii navovariho vodor mesozad, ki usulhoi sifati va oyandabini istifoda shavand. Baroi bahodihii sifatii zaruri ham usulhoi sandartiiregressioni, korelyatsioni, tahlili moliyavi va ham usulhoi tarhrezii vaziyati, ehtimoli va interaktivi istifoda karda meshavad.

Seyum, hangomi bahodihii navovariho du «joi mahdud» vujud dorad, ki tashkhisu oyandabinii natijahoi Korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori va bahodihii amalishavandagii loiha meboshand. Jarayoni bahodihii amalishavandagii loiha az menejer na tanho ikhtisosi baland, balki farosati komilro talab menamoyad. Az in sabab agar hangomi tahlili loihahoi sarmoyaguzori istifodai usulhoi standarti imkonpazirand, tahlili navovariho boshad mutobiqsozii usulhoi sifati va miqdorii guzaronidani tahlili qiyosii modelhoi omiliro talab menamoyad.

Umuman baroi bahodihii arzishii navovari na tanho yak usul, balki majmui usulhoi az rui zaruriyat paydarpay istifodashavandaro muayyan kardan lozim ast.

Tahlili iqtisodi ba istifodabarii usuli «kharojot-samaranoki» asos meyobad. Nishondihandahoi sifatii innovatsioni va jolibiyati sarmoyaguzorii on dar asosi bahodihii nazorati (eksperti), tashkili aqidahoi peshnihodshuda, usuli sanjishi va daryofti khatoho, darakhti maqsadho va usuli namoishi hisob karda shuda, baho doda meshavad.

Dar tahlili nizomii innovatsioni ba usuli «kharojot- samaranoki» mavqei nazarras doda meshavad. In usul dar muayyankunii kharojoti umumi, yane kharojothoi moliyavi, moddi, mehnati va digar zakhirahoi dar jarayoni innovatsioni sarfshavanda, naqshi makhsusro ijro mekunad. Marhilai banaqshagiri va bahisobgirii kharojotho yake az marhilahoi muhimi tatbiqi innovatsiyaho ba shumor meravad. Mahz dar hamin marhila malumot oidi bahodihi va amalishavandagii loihai innovatsioni tashakkul meyobad.

Agar kharojothoi innovatsioniro tavsif dihem, pas onho metavonand dar tamomi davrahoi hayotii innovatsioni joy doshta boshand, ba monandi: kharojot baroi Korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori, baroi istehsol va istifodashavii innovatsiyaho. Dar navbati khud kharojoti Korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori chunin khurojothoro dar bar megirad: kharojoti korkardi nazariyai innovatsiyaho, tadqiqothoi bunyodi va amali, kharojoti tadqiqothoi laboratori, banaqshagirii tekhniki, tashkili hujjatguzorii innovatsioni, kharojoti namunai tajribavi, sanjishi on, kharojoti nazorati sifat va muzdi mehnati kormandoni ba Korhoi ilmi-tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori jalbshuda.

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jubron-xalil

Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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