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SABABHOI BARHAM HURDANI DAVLATI SHURAVI

Davlati SHuravi az vakti tasis ( 1917) to poshkhuri (1991) dar asosi qonuni diolektiki, ki ba inkishofi chamiyat khos ast, arzi vuchud dosht. Baroi posh khurdani Ittihodi SHuravi sababhoi ziyodi subektivi va obektivi budand.
Pesh az hama munosibati korgaron ba kor nihoyat sust shud. In holat dar natichai zarbai rukhi ba mardum ba amal omada bud. Dar natichai siyokhkoriho, ki tamomi hayoti chomearo faro girifta bud, dar bayni odamoni pokvichdon boisi ruhaftodagi gashtand.
Bekurbshavii pul, past gashtani daromadi voqeii mardum ba on ovarda rasond, ki havasmandii moddi ba mekhnat gum shud. Mekhnat arzishi khudro gum kard. Odamoni ruhiyai mekhnatdustdoshta niz az qafoi dastras kardani manfiathoi moddi baroi ruzguzaroni shudand.
Vayron shudani robitahoi peshtarai iktisodi boisi imkonpazir gashtani tashkili mekhnat ovarda rasond. Past shudani ekhtirom nisbat ba hokimiyat va davlat ba past shudani tartibot dar chomea omili asosii vayron shudani davlat bud.
Dar solhoi bozsozi qati nazar az shiorho progressii ilmi-tekhniki dar amal sust shuda bud. Muassisaho asosan mablagro ba behtar kardani sharoiti moddii korgaron sarf namuda, baroi progressii tekhniki mablag namerasid. Dar naticha akibmonii tekhniki az davlathoi mutaravdi avch, girift. Tekhnikai farsuda talaboti korgaronro qanoatmand karda nametavonist.
Dar barobari omilhoi dokhili baroi posh khurdani davlati SHuravi omili beruni niz vuchud doshtand. Hanuz az zuhuri khud davlati SHuravi ba ideologiya va siyosati chahoni kapitalisti mukobil meistod. Dar markhilahoi gunogun shakl va rokhu vositahoi muborizai ziddi SHuravi digar shuda boshand ham, maqsad yakkhel monda bud. Dar zarfi 74- soli mavchudiyati davlati SHuravi in muboriza ba vositai chang (solkhoi 1918- 1920 intervensiyai harbi-khorichii 14
mamlakat, solhoi 1941-1945 changi Buzurgi Vatani), siyosati changi sard (solhoi 50-70-um), changi rukhi (sangi ideologi) az jihati iktisodi harbi qashshoq gardid.
Hanuz soli 1910 Prezidenti on vaqtai IMA D.Taft gufta bud: «dollarho nazar ba snaryadho pursamartar amal karda metavonand». (SHirin V. KGB-SRU. Sekretnie prujini perestroyki.-M, 1997.-S. 65).
Dar haqiqat IMA az rui in nishondod amal karda ba niyati nihoii khud rasid. IMA, pesh az hama, mekhost, ki bo har roh iqtisodiyoti davlati SHuraviro kharob, manaviyoti shakhrvandonro pastu zakhrolud gardonda sokhti chamiyatiro ba nesti barad. Ba in maqsadi IMA bo tarafdoroni khud dar Avrupo siyosati parokanda namudani davlati SHuraviro pesh burda dar in samt yagon chizro dareg namedosht.
IMA az rui guftai faylasufi Hitoi Qadim Sunn-Szi amal karda faoliyati khudro ba on ravona namud, ki baroi dar bayni khalkdoi SHuravi nizo andozad, ba faoliyati khukumat khalal rasonad, har guna malumothoi zaruriro dastras namuda, chavononro ba igvo barmekhezond.
Siyosatmadoroni IMA na tanho bo rokhi vayronkori dar iktisodiyot, balki kharida giriftani mansabdoron, sanatkoron va kormandoni sohahoi gunogun, ki ba ravandi chomea dakholat karda metavonistand, umedi kalon basta az onho istifoda burdand.
YAke az omilhoi asosii beruni, ki ba poshkhurii davlati SHuravi musoidat namud, in dar dokhili kishvar tayyor kardani kadrho bud, ki onho nisbati sokhti SHuravi khissi badbinona doshtand. Inchunin, az khodimoni davlatie, ki durandeshii siyosi khiradi zakovati siyosiyu diplomatii nadoshtand, mokhirona istifoda burda tavonistand.
Misoli in muttahidshavii Germaniya va siyosati beandeshonai Gorbachev dar Avrupoi SHarqi meboshad.
Siyosati ba jang tela dodani davlati SHuravi niz az maqsadhoi strategii IMA meboshad. IMA baroi qasdi jangi khud bar ziddi Vetnam tavonistand az nuqtai nazari geopolitiki chunin sharoit faroham ovard, ki davlati SHuravi artishi khudro ba Afoniston vorid sozad. Maqsad az iqdom in bud, ki davlati SHuraviro hamchun davlati jangjuy dar chashmi jahoniyon bandom kunad, az tarafi digar iqtisodiyoti davlati SHuraviro dar in jang sustu kharob gardonad. Baroi in Amriko na tanho kushish namud, ki jang dar Afniston kashol yobad, balki rui rost ba mujohidini afon yori doda az hisobi mamlakathoi digar koolisiyai ziddi SHuraviro tashkil karda bud. Maqsadi digari nihoni IMA az on iborat bud, ki tasiri in jang ba jumhurihoi Osiyoi Markazi guzarad. Misoli ravshani on jangi be manii shahrvandi dar Tojikiston bud.
Maqsadi digari strategiyai oid ba parokanda namudani Ittihodi SHuravi bevosita dar dokhili davlat jang
andokhtani khalqhoi gunogun bud. CHangi Ozorboyjonu
Armaniston dar atrofi masalai Karabogi kukhi, Gurjistonu Abkhaziston, Moldavayu jumhurii nazdi Dnestr, jang dar CHecheniston daleli in guftahoyand.
Hamin tariq ittihodi SHuravi imkoniyati idora kardani jumhurihoi ittifoqiro az dast dod. Jumhuriho pasi ham sohibistiqlolii khudro elon namuda, rohhoi mukhtalifi inkishofro pesh giriftand.

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