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SIYOSATI ISTISODII DAVRAI GUZARISH

Asosi siyosati iqtisodii davlati SHuravi molikiyati umumikhalki budani vositahoi istehsolotro tashkil medod. Baroi barpo namudani sotsializm zarur bud, ki siyosati khosa kor karda shavad. In siyosat dar davrahoi muayyan sokhtmoni sotsialisti tafovuti chiddi dosht.
Dar anchumani II-umi SHuroho soli 1917 dekret dar borai zamin qabul karda shud. Muvofiki in qonun tamomi zamin davlati elon karda shuda, milli gardonda meshudand.
Dar sohai sanoat pesh az millikunonii on chandin chorabiniho guzaronida shud. CHori namudani nazorati korgari az boloi istehsolot va taqsimoti mahsulot. Siyosati iktisodii in davra ba nomi razverstkai ozuqavi, ki mokhi iyuni soli 1918 kabul karda shud, malum meboshad.
Dar asosi siyosati «kommunizmi harbi» dar sohai sanoat avval sanoati kalon va bad korkhonahoi khurd va miyona milli karda shudand. Dar sohai khochagii kishlok tamomi zamini pomeshiki, manastirho milli kunonda, bayni dekhdonon taqsim kardand. Muvofiki razversta dekhdonon vazifador budand, ki ba gayri tukhmi va zaruriyati oilahoi khud kismi bokimondai hosilro ba davlat suporand. Ba ivazi mahsuloti khochagii kishlok, az davlat mahsuloti sanoati megiriftand.
Molivazkuni va muomiloti bevosita bayni shakhr va kishlok az bayn burda shud. Ba aholii khizmati be pul rasonida meshud. Azbaski siyosati razvesta dar solhoi changi shakhrvandi chori karda shuda bud, dar tarikh ba nomi siyosati «kommunizmi harbi» malum meboshad.
Siyosati «kommunizmi harbi», siyosati muvavdati bud. Zero dar holati kharobii umumii iktisodi va changi shakhrvandi nazorati sakhti davlati az boloi istehsolot va taqsimoti mahsulot, safarbarkunii mekhnati umumi zarur bud. Ammo badi ba okhir rasidani chang razverstkai ozukavi sadi rokhi taravdiyoti iktisodi megardad. Mukhimash on bud, ki be istifodabarii munosibathoi moli-puli iktisodiyotro pesh burdan ayri imkon bud.
Bahori soli 1921 dar mamlakat vaziyati dushvor ba amal omad. Zarur bud, ki chorahoi favkulloda dida shuda mamlakatro az gurusnagi nachot dodan lozim bud.
Bolshevikon rokhi yagonai az in vaziyat baromadanro dar digar kardani siyosati iktisodi medidand, yane az razvyorstka ba andozi ozuqa guzashtan bud.
Siyosati iktisodii davlati SHuravi, ki badi razvyorstka chori shuda bud, dar tarikh ba nomi siyosati navi iktisodi (NEP) malum meboshad. Mokhiyati asosii in siyosat pesh az hama mustakhkam namudani ittifoki sinfi korgar va dekhdonon ba vositai inkishofi munosibathoi moli-puli bayni shahru dehot bud. Savdoi ozod ba roh monda shud.
Muvofiki NEP milli qonuni minbadai korkhonahoi sanoati boz doshta shuda, baze az korkhonahoi milli karda shuda ba sokhibonash bargardonida shudand. Siyosati andozi progressivi chori karda shud. Mikdori andozi miyona peshaki muayyan bud. Badi ichroi andoz hamai mahsuloti bokimonda dar ikhtiyori dekhdonon memond. Ba aholi rasondani
khizmatrasonii bepul bekor karda shud. Tamomi in chorabiniho natichai khub dodand. Hamagi du sol lozim omad, ki iqtisodiyoti SHuravi az buhron rahoi yobad. Soli 1923 allakay mahsuloti sanoat afzud. Dekhdonon hosili khub ba dast darovardand, ki talaboti kishvarro to darachae bo galla qone gardond.
Boloravii ikiodi dar Tochikiston ham mushokhida shud. Maydoni kisht afzud, ustokhonahoi kosibi bo mahsuloti khud talaboti aholiro to darachae tamin mekardand.

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