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SIMOI SIYOSII LENNI VA SAHMI u DAR INSIIOBB SOTSIALISTI

Dar tayyor kardan va galabai inkilobi oktyabr sakhmi V.Lenin khele kalon bud. Vladimir Ilich Lenin nazariyotchi, davomdihandai talimoti marksisti dar davrai imperializm, asosguzori khizbi bolsheviki va davlati SHuravi bud.
V.I.Lenin 22-apreli soli 1870 dar oilai inspektori maktabho tavallud shudaast.
Soli 1887 Lenin ba fakultai khukukshinosii universiteti shakhri Kazon dokhil shud, lekin badi chand vaqt az sababi dar «betartibiho»-i studenton shirkat kardanash az universiteti khorich, karda shuda, ba yake az mahalhoi guberniyai Kon badara karda shud. Soli 1891 dar universiteti Peterburg ba tavri eksternat imtihon suporida sokhibi diplomi khukukshinosi gardid.
Lenin barvaqt ba faoliyati inqilobi dodashuda soli 1894 avvalin asari u «Dustoni khalk kistand va onho ba mukobili sotsial-demokratho chi tavr mechangand?» az chop baromad. Dar in asar Lenin nazariyai khalkchigiro az chihati ideyavi fosh namud.
Soli 1895 Lenin tamomi krujokhoi parokandai dar Peterburg amalkunandaro muttakhid karda tashkiloti siyosii «Ittifoki muboriza baroi ozod namudani sinfi korgar»- ro tashkil dod. Soli 1900 bo tashabbusi Lenin dar khoricha avvalin ruznomai umumii russiyagii siyosi «Iskra» tasis doda shud.
Soli 1902 kitobi Lenin «CHi boyad kard?» az chop baromad, ki dar tashkil kardani khizbi siyosii bolsheviki sahmi kalon bozid. Soli 1903 dar sezdi II – RSDRP khizbi bolsheviki tashkil doda shud.
Soli 1904 kitobi Lenin «YAk kadam ba pesh du qadam akib» az chop baromad, ki dar on zaruriyati partiyai inkilobi dar barpo namudani diktaturai proletariat asosnok karda shud.
Lenin dar asari khud «Du taktikai sotsial – demokratho dar revolyutsiyai demokrati», ki soli 1905 az chop baromad, khususiyathoi inkilobi burjuazii demokratiro nishon doda, nazariyai gegemoniya (rohbarii) proletariatro dar revolyusiyai burjuazi – demokrati asosnok namud.
Dar solhoi minbada Lenin roche ba masalahoi gunoguni falsafi, siyosi, inkishofi imperializm, imkoniyati alabai inkilobi sotsialisti dar yak mamlakat, nazariyai inkilobi sotsialisti, nakshai sokhtmoni sosialisti va ayraho asarhoi ziyod navishtand.
Lenin mokhi apreli soli 1917 ba Rossiya omada, ba faoliyati purchushi siyosi pardokht. u qobiliyati ba khud khosi tashkilotchigi doshta, odamonro dar atrofi khud muttakhid kardan metavonist.
Lenin nazariyai inkilobi sotsialistiro kor karda, dar mavqei ustuvori talimoti marksisti meistod. Dar yak vakti u in talimotro ba sharoiti navi tarikhi muvofiq namuda, onro inkishof dod.
Hizmati buzurgi K.Marks dar on bud, ki qonuniyati taravdiyoti sokhti kapitalistiro tadqiq namuda, isbot kard, ki dar zamoni kapitalisst ziddiyathoi antogonisti tezu tund gardida, baroi inkilob zaminhoi muayyan tayyor mekard. Dar in digargunisozihoi sokhti chamiyati K. Marks sinfi korgarro kuvvai asosi khisob mekard. Baroi on, ki sinfi korgar in vazifai tarikhii khudro ichro karda tavonad, boyad az jihati siyosi muttakhid shuda, khizbi siyosii khudro tashkil dihad, galabai inkilobi proletariro tamin namoyad, muqobiliyati sinfhoi istismorgarro bartaraf namuda, sotsializmro sozad.
Davrai nav-davrai imperializm talab menamud, ki nazariyai inkilobii marksisti dar sharoiti nav takmil doda shavad. V.Lenin na tanho in talimotro khimoya namud, balki onro dar sharoiti nav hamatarafa inkishof doda, nazariyai inkilobiro kor karda barovard.
Nazariyai leninii inkilobi sotsialisti rokhu vositahoi gunoguni guzarish az kapitalizm ba sotsializmro dar bar megirad. Vobasta ba vaziyati tarikhi Lenin onro takmil medod.
Lenin tarakdayoti nohamvori mamlakathoi
kapitalistiro kashf karda, nishon dod, ki inkilobi sotsialisti dar avval dar yakchand va hatto dar yak mamlakati chudogona, ki zanchiri imperializm dar on sust ast, galaba karda metavonist.
Lenin nishon dod, ki inkilob be pukhta rasidani krizisi umumi alaba karda nametavonad. Pukhta rasidani krizis zaminhoi subektivi va obektivii khudro dorad, ki ba onkho tezu tund gashtani ziddiyati sinfi, mavchud budani yadroi siyosi, krizisi sinfi boloi va gayra dokhil meshavand.
Hulosa, V.I. Lenin talimoti Marksro inkishof doda, ba on yak qator khulosahoi nazariyavii khudro dokhil namud. Galabai inkilobi sotsialisti dar yak davlati chudogonai az jihati ikiodi qafomonda, nazariyai shurishi yaroknok, diktaturai proletariat, sokhti kapitalistiro tay nakarda ba kommunizm guzashtani khalkdoi az jihati ijtimoi kafomonda, nashi sokhtmoni va ayraho khulosahoi nazariyavii V. Lenin budand.
Dar siyosat nash Lenin barjastatar bud. Agar siyosatro hamchun sanati imkonpazir arzyobi namoem va hamchun natijai faoliyat dar rasidan ba maqsadi peshbinishuda donista shavad, pas Leninro chun siyosatmadori buzurg shinokhtan lozim ast. Tarikhi hizbi bolsheviki, inkilobi sosialisti namunai on ast, ki Lenin chi guna baroi rasidan ba in maqsad az hej, yak rohu vositai imkonpazir ruy namegardond.

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