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SOHTMONI KOLHOZI DAR TOJIKISTON

Nakshai sokhtmoni sotsializm zaruriyati ba amal barovardani kollektivonii ommavii khochagihoi dekhdonro ba vuchud ovard. Dar asosi nishondodi Anchani XV HK (b) soli 1927 davrahoi asosi va shaklhoi muttakhidkunii khochagihoi dekhdonon muayyan karda shudand. Qayd karda shud, ki dar in kor ba shitobkori roh nadoda, khususiyathoi har yak nohiyaro ba khisob girifta, marakai kollektivonii khochagii qishloq guzaronida shavad.
Dar Tochikiston kollektivonii khochagii qishloq dar sharoiti murakkab meguzasht. Tochikiston az chihati iktisodi nisbat ba digar jumhuriho qafo monda bud.
Dar munosibathoi agarari bokimondahoi davrai feodali choy doshtand. Bazai moddi-tekhnikii khochagii kishlok akibmonda bud.
Zamin dar dasti sarvatmandon buda, dekhdonon ba sifati choryakkor va mardikor dar zamini boyho kor mekardand. Aholi asosan dar nokhiyahoi kuhiston, ki zamini koram kam bud, zindagi mekardand.
Baroi ba amal barovardani nashi kollektivonii khochagii shlok yak qator zaminaho muhayo karda shudand. Peshrafti sanoat baroi kollektivonii khochagii qishloq zaminai asosi ba hisob meraft. Sol to sol ba khochagii kishlok tekhnikai zamonavi firistoda meshud.
Dar kollektivonii khochagihoi dekhdononi yakadast sahmi sinfi korgar khele ziyod bud. Hazorho nafar korgaron baroi yorii amali rasondan ba sifati brigadahoi korgari ba dehot safarbar karda meshudand. Qismi ziyodi onho ba tavri doimi dar dehot mondand. Az nohiyahoi kukhiston ba zaminhoi nav az khudshuda dehqonon muhochir karda meshudand.
Tashkil namudani namudhoi gunoguni kooperatsiyaho (qarzdikhi, tekhnikai khochagii qishloq, obyorikuni) baroi ba sokhtmoni kolkhozi chalb namudani dekhdonon sahmi kalon bozidand.
Umuman se shakli kollektivonii khochagi: kommunaho, TOZ-ho va artelho vuchud doshtand. Dar Tochikiston avvalin kolkhozho soli 1927 tashkil yofta TOZ-ho nisbatan ba sharoiti chumhuri muvofiq budand.
Hochagii kishloki Tochikiston baroi peshrafti iktisodii davlati SHuravi khele zarur bud.
CHumhuri boyad yake az bazahoi asosii istehsolkunandai pakhta baroi sanoati mamlakat megardid. Baroi hamin hukumati markazi ba Tochikiston baroi az khud kardani zaminhoi nav (Vodii Vakhsh) va sokhtmoni sistemai zamonavii obyorikunanda hamatarafa kumak merasond.
Baroi bo tekhnikai khochagii kishlok purra tamin kardani jumhuri dar in cho stansiyahoi moshini traktori ( MTS), ki soli 1937 shumorai onho ba 48-to rasida bud, sokhta shudand.
Ba maqsadi bo zamin tamin namudani dekhdonon solhoi 20-30 -um dar Tochikiston muhochironkunii devdonon az
nohiyahoi kuhiston ba vodiho guzaronida shud. Avvalin khochagihoi kollektivi niz dar zaminhoi nav azkhud karda shuda guzaronida meshud. To solhoi pesh az chang ba kolkhozho 89,9% dehqononi yakadast muttahid karda shudaand. Ba monandi digar jumkhurihoi sobiq Ittihodi SHuravi dar sokhtmoni kolkhozii Tochikiston niz ba kambudiho roh doda shud.
Pesh az hama prinsipi ikhtiyori muttahidshavi ba kolkhozho dar amal vayron karda shudand. Dehqononi miyonaholro machburan ba kolkhozho dokhil mekardand. Onhoe, ki dokhil nameshudand, molu mulkashon musodira karda, onhoro hamchun kulak shuda ba kishvarhoi durdast badara mekardand.
Dar intikhobi shakli kolkhozi ba choi TOZ-ho, ki ba sharoiti respublika muvofiq budand, artelho tashkil karda meshudand.
Be tayyor kardani zaminhoi zaruri kolkhozhoro shitobkorona tashkil karda, badi chand vakt az nav barham dodand. Dehqonone, ki ba zaminhoi nav muhochir karda meshudand dar sari vakt yori nagirifta ba mahalahoi peshtarai khud bar megashtand.
Kambudii chiddi dar on bud, ki Ittihodi SHuravi Tochikistonro bazai asosii istehsoli pakhta hisobida, sohahoi digari khochagii shlok ba inobat girifta
nameshudand.

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