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TASHKIL YOFTANI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON.

CHunone, ki peshtar kayd karda shud, tashakkul va inkishofi davlati tochin dar asri HH chor davrai tarikhiro dar bar megirad. Davrai chorumi on az kabuli qonuni dar borai sohibistiklolii chumhuri, az soli 1991 sar meshavad.
Dar ibtidoi solhoi 90-um Ittihodi SHuravi imkoniyati idora namudani jumhurihoi ittifokiro az dast dod. Binobar in sobiq jumkhurihoi ittifoki pasi ham sohibistiklolii khudro elon namuda, rohhoi gunoguni inkishofi mustaqilonaro pesh giriftand. Dar barobari onho 4,umhurii Tojikiston niz dar ijlosiyai II-umi SHuroi Oli «Deklarats iya dar borai sohibistiklolii Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikison»-ro kabul namud. 9- sentyabri soli 1991 dar ijlosiyai ayrinavbatii SHuroi Oli ba in deklaratsiya tairotu ilovaho dokhil karda shuda, «Elomiya dar borai davlati mustakili CHumhurii Tojikiston» kabul karda shud.
Mustaqiliyat baroi Tojikiston dar sharoite nasib gardid, ki jumkhuri ba on omoda nabud. Mutakhassisoni harbi, siyosatshinosoni varzida va diplomatkhoi sohibmalumot nadoshtem. Sohibikhtiyorii mo dar natijai muborizai khalkhoi digar, az jumla khalkhoi nazdi Baltika, Ozariho, Gurjiho, Ukrainho baroi istikloliyat ba dast darovarda shud.
Halki tojik dar sharoiti ba dast darovardani ozodi doroi umumiyati ijtimoi chun marz nabud. Qismhoi gunoguni marzi tojikon dar tarikhi badi davlatdorii Somoniyon juzi davlathoi begona (Amorati Bukhoro, khonigarii Quqand, Russiya, Afoniston) bud. Az sababi chunin parokandagii miyoni tojikon hej guna umumiyati iqtisodi va etniki va manfiathoi umumii marzi ba miyon namomada bud. Dar Tojikiston inchunin hayoti yagonai iktisodi nabud. Mintaqahoi judogonai Tojikiston dar fasli zimiston bo ham aloqa nadoshtand. Tarzi zistu zindagonii navohihoi judogonai Tojikiston (nohiyahoi kiston az hamvorihoi jumhuri) az yakdigar farq mekard. Besabab nest, ki jangi shahrvandi dar Tojikiston shakli muborizai qavmhoi mahali girift. Dar zamoni SHuravi ashrofon, amaldoroni har mintaqa baroi hukmroni dar jumhuri muboriza meburdand. Sababi dar sathi pasti taravdiyot karor doshtani Tojikiston baroi sar zadani jangi shahrvandi omili asosi bud. Qashshoqi, bekori va nabudani durnamoe baroi behbudii vaziyat, ba okibathoi vaznin ovarda rasonad.
Dar rafti changi shahrvandi ba guruhi ochizi bunyodgaron shakhsone hamroh shudand, ki goyahoi qoziyot baroyashon tamoman ahamiyat nadosht.
Sababgori chang onhoe budand, ki orzui hukmron shudan orzu doshtand.
Ba onho mutaasibone, ki dar tamomi mamoliki musulmoni mavchudand, hamroh shudand va ba khulosae omadand, ki zamoni hukmronii onho faro rasid. Aknun boyad az rui shariat zindagi ogoz namud.
Dar in charayon tamomi mukholifoni sokhti kommunisti muttahid shudand, garchand onho badi galaba maqsadu tasavvuroti mukhtalif doshtand. Onhoro faqat yak chiz vayron kardani sokhti chamiyati sotsialisti muttahid namud.
Tasiri bevositai Uzbekiston, Eron, Pokiston, Arabistoni Saudi va Afgoniston niz ba changi dokhilii Tochikiston khele ziyod bud.
Mavchud budani bokimondahoi kavmi-avlodi baroi ba chang kashidani mintaqahoi gunoguni Tochikiston sabab gardid.
Tamomi in omilho sabab shudand, ki CHumhurii
Tochikiston nisbati digar jumhuriho fark kunad.
Albatta baroi sar shudani changi shahrvandi dar Tochikiston ba gayr az omilhoi dar bolo nishon doda shuda, inchunin, mavqei chugrofi – strategi, geopolitiki davlathoi khorichi niz sabab shud.
Farqiyati changi dokhilii Tochikiston boz dar on bud, ki chang ba doirai khud tochikoni mintaqai kuhistoni chumhuriro kashid.
Dar natichai kushishhoi ziyodi hukumat, tashkilot va sozmonhoi baynalmilali, davlathoi kafil, aqli solim bolo girift va sulh dar chumhuri barkaror karda shud.

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