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TALIMOTI AHLOQII MASEHI

Agar farazan, sof jihati khudoshinosi va digar masalahoi diniyu mazhabiro istisno kunem, barjastatarin va muhimtarin jihati talimoti masehi akhloqiyot va manaviyoti on ast. Asli talimoti akhloqii u muhabbat ba inson va muqobiliyat nakardan ba zulmu khushunat meboshad. Asosi falsafii talimi akhloqii masehiyat galaba bar adovatukhushunat az tariqi muhabbat ast.

isoi-masehYAke az muhimtarin bobi Injil az in nuqtai nazar «Mavizai boloi kuh» meboshad. Inak iqtibosro az on jihati shinosoi meorem:

  1. «SHunidaed, ki gufta shudaast: «CHashme dar ivazi chashme, dandone dar ivazi dandone».
  2. Lekin man ba tu meguyam: ba badi muqobiliyat makun. Balki, agar kase bar rukhsorai rosti tu torsaki zanad, digarashro niz ba u bigardon:.
  3. Va agar kase ba tu davo karda kurtaatro giriftani shavad, jomai khudro niz ba u bideh.
  4. Va har ki turo ba tay kardani yak farsang roh majbur kunad, hamrohi u du farsang birav.
  5. Ba kase ki az tu metalabad, bideh va kase, ki mekhohad az tu qarz girad, ru nagardon.
  6. Lekin man ba shumo meguyam: «dushmani khudro dust bidored, baroi lanatkunandagoni khud barakat bikhohed, ba nafratkunandagoni khud neki kuned va baroi ozordihandagonu taqibkunandagoni khud duo gued.
  7. To ki farzandi Padari khud, ki dar osmon ast, garded, zero u oftobi khudro bar badonu nekon tulu mekunad va boron bar odilonu zolimon meboronad. (Matto 5: 38-45).

Hakim Firdavsi baze nukoti boloro az zaboni qaysari Rum chunin ba rishtai nazm kashidaast:

« Nabini , ki Esoi Maryam chi guft, Bad-on gah, ki bikshod roz az nuhuft? Ki pirohanat gar sitonad kase, Mayovez bo u ba tundi base, V-agar barzanad kaf ba rukhsori tu, SHavad tira z-on zakhm didori tu. Mayovar tu khashmu makun ruy zard, Bikhobon tu chashmumaguechsard…

(SHohnoma. J.9. -S.127) CHunin ast qismate az sharthoi insoni komil budan dar dini nasroni.

Dar davrai nav akhloqi nasroni az tarafi bisyore az mutafakkironi garbi, az jumla az tarafi F.Nisshe va K.Marks khele sakht mavridi intiqod qaror megirad.

Nisshe akhloqi nasroniro akhloqi zaifonu notavonon va gulomon nomidaast.

K.Marks boshad nasroniyatro bo on aybdor mekunad, ki usuli ijtimoi yo (akhloqiyot)i on buzdili, nafrat ba khudi khud, khudtahqirkuni, ba taqdir tan dodan, khulosa hama razolatro… sitoish mekunad.[1]

Ammo dar voqe, boyad guft, ki akhloqi esavi yak inqilobi kullie dar shuuri akhloqii insoniyat bud. Dustoni khudro dust doshtan,badiro bo badi javob dodan aksulamali tabii ast, hej shahomatu az khudguzashtagi talab namekunand, vale dar muqobili dushmani bo dusti, bo muhabbat, bo mudoro, dar muqobili badi bo neki javob guftan shahomatu qahramonist va barjastatarin sathi manaviyati inson ast. Idealu ormoni voloe, ki dar in hikmathoi purarzishi « mavizai boloi kuh» nihon ast, insoniyatro ba madori navi arzyobii akhloqi va munosibati bayni hamdigarii insonho bardosht. Agar insoniyat aqallan, ba haddi vasati in shuuri ahloqi ham ki rasad, ba poyahoi balandi manaviyatu odamiyat noil shudaast.[2]

[1]   Nig: F. Nisshe. Antikhristianin (opit kritiki khristianstva), va K. Marks i F. Engels, Soch, t. i. Sah. 204­205.

[2]     SHoir guftaast: Osoishi du geti tafsiri in du harf ast,

Bo duston muruvat, bo dushmanon mudoro.

Dar boramon

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