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Zaruratho va niyozho dar asnoi etikof

Niyozho va zarurathoe, ki shakhsi etikofnishasta metavonad ba-
roi onho az joi etikofash berun oyad, bar se kismand. Dar du kismi
avval etikof fosid namegardad, vale dar kismi seyumash etikof fo-
sid meshavad.
1. Tabii, ba monandi: a) kazoi hochat raftan; b) omoda namudani
khurdu khurok, dar surate ki kase naboshad, ki dar in kor ba u kumak
namoyad.
Korhoi zerin niz az chumlai niyozhoi tabiii shakhsi mutakif bu-
da, anjom dodani onho dar masjid baroyash choiz meboshad:
Hurdanu nushidan, 2. khob raftan, 3. shona va toza kardani mui sar
va rish, 4. bo mardum suhbathoi shari kardan, 5. ivaz kardani libos-
ho va atru khushbui zadan, 6. agar bemor gardad, khudro muolija namu-
dan, 7. talim giriftan va talim dodani Kuron va digar ilmhoi shar-
y, 8. shustan va dukhtani liboshoi chirkingashta va darida, 9. khorij
shudani bod az shikam dar holati zarury va digar niyozhoi badan.
Hamchunin shakhsi mutakif metavonad baroi azon guftan az mas-
jid berun baroyad va pas az azon favran ba masjid bargardad, khoh dar
on masjid muazzini rasmy boshad, khoh ne.
2. SHari, ba monandi ba jo ovardani namozi juma va namozi
idayn, hamchunin baroi anjom dodani gusli chanobat. Agar dar dokhili
masjid imkonoti gusl giriftan mavjud naboshad, metavonad ba beru-
ni masjid baroyad va dar guslgoh gusl namoyad, agar dar atrofi masjid
niz guslgoh va yo imkonoti gusl namudan mavjud naboshad, metavonad
ba khonaash biravad va pas az gusl favran ba masjid bargardad. Baroi
vuzu niz metavonad az masjid khorij shavad va sobunu sarchok va asbobi
dandonshuiyashro ba hamroh bigirad. Vale agar baroi gusli musta-
haby va sunnaty, ba monandi gusli ruzi juma az masjid khorij shavad,
etikofash fosid megardad.
3. Zarury, ba monandi najot dodani garkshavanda, khomush kardani
sukhtor, tarsi furu raftani sakfi bomi masjid va gayra. Tark namu-
dani joi etikof ba sababi peshomadhoe, ki ahyonan (gohe) voke me-
shavand, ba monandi hodisahoi mazkur bar khilofi maromi etikof
meboshad va etikofro fosid megardonad. Dar tamomi in holatho kho-
rij shudan az etikof gunoh nest, balki baroi najot va nigavdorii
choni khud va digaron lozim ast, ammo etikof fosid meshavad. Hamchu-
nin, bo ayodati bemor va huzur dar marosimi chanoza va ira etikof
fosid meshavad, vale gunakhgor namegardad.
Pas az barovarda sokhtani zaruratho va niyozhoi du navi avval
shakhsi etikofnishasta boyad favran ba joi etikofash bargardad.
– Agar imomi panjvaktae etikofro dar masjidi jome (juma-
khony) guzaronad, on bo karokhiyat choiz meshavad. Zero kavmash be imom
memonand.
– Agar az rui faromushy joi etikofashro tark namoyad, etiko-
fash fosid megardad.
Ammo agar shakhsi etikofnishastae baroi bartaraf namudani za-
rurathoi tabiy va yo shary az joi etikofash berun shavad va pesh yo
bad az on ba ayodati bemore ravad, on ishkole nadorad.
Baroi adoi namozi juma boyad fursatero dar nazar bigirad, ki
dar on fursat bitavonad takhiyyai masjid va sunnati jumaro dar mas-
jidi jome biguzorad. Bad az guzoridani farz metavonad baroi khon-
dani sunnat tavakkuf namoyad.
Vaqte ba tavri majbury az joi etikofash berun karda shavad, eti-
kofash fosid megardad. Masalan, bo ittihomi jinoyate az tarafi dodgoh
dastgir va az masjid berun karda shavad, etikofash fosid megardad.
Baroi rafi zarurati shary va yo tabiie az joi etikofi khud be-
run gardad va bad az on bemor shavad va yo peshomadi digare ruy
dihad, ki sababi takhiri bargashtan ba joi etikofash gardad, eti-
kofash fosid megardad.
Dar holati etikof be zarurat ba korhoi dunyavy, ba monandi
tijorat va gayra mashgul gardidan makruh ast, vale dar zarurat boke
nadorad. Albatta, dar surati ravo budan niz naboyad amvoli tijora-
tiyashro ba masjid ovarad.
Dar vakti etikof kullan khomush nishastan makrukhi takhrimy me-
boshad. Albatta, az sukhanoni zishtu bemanfiat boyad parhez namoyad,
vale naboyad ba tavri kully khomush nishinad, balki ba khondani Qur-
on, zikr kardan va namoz guzoridan mashgul gardad.
Agar dar natijai peshomad va hodisae, ba monandi sukhtor va di-
gar havodisi tabiy natavonad ba etikofi khud dar on masjid idoma
dihad, dar on surat joiz ast ba masjidi digare guzarad va etikofi
khudro dar on jo ba poyon rasonad.
Vakte etikofi vojib va sunnat bo yake az holathoi nomburda fo-
sid gardad, kazo doshtani on dar vakti digar vojib ast. Etikofi vo-
jibro ba andozai ruzhoe, ki bar khud vojib gardonidaast, kazo medo-
rad va etikofi sunnatro yak ruz kazo medorad. Dar etikofi vojib
pay dar pay ba jo ovardani on vojib meboshad va kazoi on niz boyad
pay dar pay, yane payvasta ba jo ovarda shavad.
CHy tavre zikr gardid, etikofi dahai akhiri mokhi Ramazon sun-
nat ast, vale chun etikofi har ruzi on az ruzhoi digar mustakil me-
boshad, dar surati fosid shudan tanho kazoi yak ruz bar vay vojib me-
gardad. Etikofi mustahab boshad, ba mahzi fosid shudan ba poyon me-
rasad va digar qazoe nadorad.
SHoyoni zikr ast, ki bo khurdani ruza niz etikof fosid meshavad.
Zero ruza dar etikofi vojib va sunnat shart ast. Dar vakti ba jo
ovardani kazoi etikofi vojib va sunnat pas az mokhi Ramazon hat-
man boyad ruza bigirad.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

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