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Psikhologiyai avrupoii asrhoi XVII – XVIII

Bez-nazvaniya-14

Inkishofi donishi tajribavi talab menamud, ki ba joi metodi skholastii ta- fakkur metodi nav mamul shavad. Makhsusan, taraqqiyoti donishhoi anatomiyu psikhologi dar borai sokht, kori jism, ba vujud omadani kashfiyotu ikhtirootho fahmishi ruhro mazmunan digar kard. Faylasufi anglis F.Bekon (1561-1626) saromadi materializmi zamoni nav buda, rohi navi tadqiqi ruhro ba …

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Psikhologiyai antiqa

Bez-nazvaniya-12

Tasavvurothoi avvalin doir ba ruh dar davrahoi qadim paydo shudand. Onho pesh az hama dar aqidahoi dini, asotir, ejodiyoti badeii khalq – nazm, afsona va gayra inikos yoftaand. In tasavvurothoi toilmi az majmui donishhoe, ki tufayli ilm ba dast ovarda meshavand, ko- milan farq mekunand. Ruh dar ibtido hamchun zuhuroti …

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Psikhologiya dar asrhoi miyona

Bez-nazvaniya-13

Tarikhi inkishofi donishhoi psikhologi                  dar asrhoi miyona davrai durudarozero dar bar megirad: az asri V to asri XVI va nimai avvali asri XVII. In davraro zamoni paydoishi taraqqiyot va pastra- vii sokhti jamiyatii iqtisodi, feodali mehisoband. Fe- odalizm dar davrahoi asrimiyonagi dar SHarq nisbat ba Garb dida peshtar zuhur kard. …

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Sokhtor va funksiyahoi asosii sistemai asabi odam

Bez-nazvaniya-5

Sistemai asabi odam dar muqoisa az sistemai asabi tamomi mavjudo- ti digar mukammaltar buda, shaklhoi olii inikosi psi- khologi va sistemai murakkabi amalu raftorro dar namu- di faoliyati boshuurona imkonpazir megardonad. Sokhtori murakkabi on, ki az shabakai nakhho va girehhoi ziyodi asabi, inchunin retseptorhoi ba shaklhoi mukhtali- fi tasiroti muhit …

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Magzcha

Bez-nazvaniya-10

dar qismi pushti sar, zeri hissai aqibi nimkurrahoi kaloni magzi pesh mavqe dorad. Az yagon qismati badan ba magzcha bevosita nakhhoi (rohhoi) asabi vorid namegardand, vale az on ba harommagz, magzi daro- zruya va markazhoi zeriqishrii nimkurrahoi kalon nakhhoi asabi kashida shudaand. Sokhtori in qismati magzi sar nihoyat murakkab buda …

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Mekhanizm va qonunhoi faoliyati olii asab

Bez-nazvaniya-11

Faoliyati olii asab az faoliyati vohidi sokhtori va funksionalii on, yane neyron ibtido megirad. Funksiyai neyron az intiqoli impulshoi asabi iborat ast. Impulshoi asabi yo hayajoni asabi shakli makhsusi jarayoni susti bioelektriki mebo- shad, ki dar hududi organizm ba sifati noqili akhbor khidmat mekunad. Neyron doimo zakhirai muayyani barqi dorad, …

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Sistemai asab va psikhika dar jarayoni tahavvulot

Bez-nazvaniya-9

Psikhologiya bo ilmhoi tabiat-shinosi va khususan ilmhoi bio- logi robitai zich dorad, ki mehvari in robitaro aloqai sistemai asab va psikhika tashkil medihad. Sistemai asab asosi moddii psikhikaro tashkil namuda, onro ba omuzi- shi obektivii eksperimentali dastras megardonad va imkoniyati ba tavri ilmiyu tajribavi asosnok namudani zuhuroti psikhikiro faroham meovarad. …

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Metodologiya va metodhoi tadqiqotii ilmi psikhologiya

Bez-nazvaniya-2

Asoshoi                             «Ilm – in sohai makhsusi ilmi – metodologii        faoliyati insoniyat ast, ki tadqiqoti psikhologi bahri hosil namudani doni- shi nav doir ba olam, qonu- niyat, mohiyat va khususiyathoi on ravona karda shudast – omadaast dar kitobi «Falsafa va donishi ilmi». (SHamsiddinov J. Falsafa va donishi ilmi. – Dushanbe, 2009.- …

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Prinsiphoi sharhdihandai tadqiqoti psikhologi

Bez-nazvaniya-8

«Prinsiphoi sharhdihanda – in mavqei asosi, zamina yo naza- riyahoe meboshand, ki tatbiqi onho imkoniyati tavsifi khususi- yathoi takhminii obekti tadqiqot va dar asosi metodi umumiilmi tashkili tartibi dastrasnamoii mavodi tajribavi, inchunin jambastnamoi va sharhi onro fa- roham meovarad»- omadaast dar adabiyoti ilmi. Prin- siphoi sharhdihanda yake az meyorhoi metodologi …

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Suhbati psikhologi

Bez-nazvaniya-4

Guftugu dar bayni du shakhs, ki dar rafti on yake khususiyathoi psikhologii digarero oshkor mesozad, suhbati psikhologi meboshad. Suhbati psikhologi chunin metod ast, ki dastrasnamoii bavosita va yo bevosi- tai malumotro bo rohi muoshirati shifohi peshbini me- kunad. On metodi baroi psikhologiya khosi tadqiqi rafto- ri odam ast, zero dar …

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