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ukmi nazr

Vafo ba nazr agar az korhoi qurbat boshad, binobar qavli ro-
jeh dar mazhab farz va ba qavle vojib ast, vale agar az korhoi masi-
yat boshad, on vafoe nadorad va anjom dodani on sharan harom mebo-
shad. Az Oisha (r) rivoyat shudaast, ki Payombar (s) farmud: «Kase nazr
namoyab, ki Hudoro itoat menamoyab, yaas Uro itoat va kase
namoyab, ki Hudoro va nofarmony mekunad, Uro naku-
nad». YAne agar kori masiyatero nazr karda boshad, on nazrashro
tark namoyad.
Hamchunin rivoyat shudaast, ki: «Hangome Payombar (s) khutba me-
khond, ba nogou mardero did, ki dar oftob rost istodaast. Dar borai
vay pursib, guftanb: Vay nazr kardaas ki dar of»tyub
rost biistad va (uargiz) nanishinad va (bachize) soya nagirad va sukhan
naguyad va ruza dorab. Payombar (s) farmud: Uro bifarmoeb, ki sukhan bi-
guyad, soya bigirad, binishinad va ruzaashro ba itmom rasonad».218
Dar rivoyati digar omadaast, ki: «Rasuli Hudo (s) mardero did, ki
dar takyai du roh meraft: In mardro chy shudaasg? Guf-
tand: Nazr kardaast, ki piyoda ba khonai Kaba biravad – va dar rivoya-
te – uas kunad. Guft: Hudo az azob dodani in mard khudro beniyoz ast va
219.« uro karb, ki
Nazr boyad bo korhoi ibodaty va amalhoe, ki sharan bo anjomi
onho ba Hudo takarrub va nazdiky justa meshavad, ba monandi namoz,
ruza, haj, zabhi chorvo, sadaka va gayra surat girad. Vafo ba nazr pas
az tahaqquqi sharthoi zerin vojib megardad:
a) Az jumlai korhoe boshad, ki dar shariat az navi onho ibodati
farzy va amalhoi kurbatan ilalloh vujud doshta boshand, ba monandi
namoz, ruza, haj va g. Pas shakhs metavonad, masalan, du rakat namoz yo
du ruz ruza va yo hajjero bar khud vojib gardonad;
b) Nazr ba vaqtho va ruzhoe, ki namozu ruza dar onho makruh va
mamnu ast, rost naoyad. Masalan, agar nazr namoyad, ki ruzhoi idayn
va yo ayyomi tashrikro ruza medorad, nazrash durust megardad, vale az
on jo ki ruza doshtan dar in ruzho harom ast, onro dar ruzhoi digar
ba joy meovarad;
v) Nazr az jumlai amalhoe naboshad, ki az sui Hudovand bar ban-
dagonash farz gardonida shudaand, ba monandi namozhoi panjgona,
namozi vitr, ruzai mohi Ramazon va g. Zero in korho be on ham bar
vay vojib meboshand;
g) Nazr az jumlai korhoi muhol naboshad, ba monandi ruzai ruzi
guzashta;
d) Nazr amal va ibodati mustakil boshad, na zaminai amri digar,
ba monandi vuzu, ki ibodati mustakil ba shumor nameravad, balki on
omodaboshe baroi namoz ast.
Pas on nazre, ki dar on muhtavoi bandhoi nomburda tahaqquq
nayofta boshad, sharan nodurust buda, hej guna vafoe nadorad. Bino-
bar in, shakhs metavonad namoz (gayri namozhoi farzy), ruza (gayr az
ruzai farzi), sadaka ayr az zakot), etikof, zabh ayr az kurboni)
va korhoi digarro nazr namoyad.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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