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Akhamiyati namozi id

Dar farhangi islomy barguzorii namozi id ahamiyati balandi
tarbiyavy va choygokhi khosi ichtimoy dorad va on az boazamattarin sha-
oiri farhangy-ibodatii dini mubini Islom ba shumor meravad. Bi-
nobar in, Rasuli Hudo (s) baroi barguzorii namozhoi id hamesha fa-
zoi kushod va makoni bopakhnoero ir az maschid dar dokhil va yo gushai
shakhr intikhob mekard va tamomi mardum – khurdu buzurg va mardu zan-
ro ba tamosho va huzuri dar on davat mekard. On mavzeero, ki namozi
id dar on dar dokhil va yo gushai shakhr barguzor meshud, musallo (namoz-
gokh,) meguftand. Payombari akram (s) namozhoi idro dar makoni kusho-
dae, ki dar nazdi guristoni Bake voke bud va yo dar musalloi shakhri
Madina, ki dar nazdi havlii Kasir ibni Salt voke bud, barguzor
mekard.
In dar holate bud, ki baroyashon uzre pesh nameomad, zero hamchu-
nin rivoyat shudaast, ki: «(Bore) dar zamoni Rasuli Hudo (s) dar ruzi 

Fakehoni kirom az majmui rivoyatho va osore, ki dar in bora so-
bit shudaand, ba in natijai fikhy rasidaand, ki agar mardum imkoni
khuruch ba berun va yo gushai shahr ba namozgohi umumiro doshta boshand,
pas behtar ast, ki namozhoi idro dar on jo (namozgoh) barguzor namo-
yand, vale dar surati pesh omadani uzre, ba monandi boroni sakht va yo
mushkiloti digare, ba monandi tavseai shahrho, izdihomi sayri hara-
kati moshinho va ira, ki baromadi mardumro ba beruni shahr ba gu-
nae mushkil namuda, metavonand namozro dar masjidhoi shahr bargu-
zor namoyand.
Az Ummiatiya (r) rivoyat shudaast, ki «dar ruzhoi id ba khuruch ba sui
namozgoh amr meshudem va hatto dukhtaroni bikrro az zeri chodar va za-
noni dar holi hayzro hamrohi khud ba on so meburdem, to barakat va po-
kii on ruzro daryobanb. O٠N1H؛O dar pushti mardumi namozguzor (berun az
doirai barguzorii namoz) meistodand va hamrohi onho takbir meguf-
tand va duo mekardand». Az Ummiatiya (r) boz rivoyat shudaast, ki
Rasuli Hudo (s) farmud: «Javonzanho va dukhtaroni chadarnishin va za-
1N10N1i dar hayz az N1ON1I dar
barguzorii namoz berun istand va khayr va duoi muminonro daryo-
band…» .228
Rasuli Hudo (s) bo huzuri zanon dar namozgoh va shunidani khut-
bahoi umumy iktifo namekard, balki baroi baland bardoshtani sathi
marifati diny va pandu andarzi onho pas az poyoni khutba ba nazdi
onho meomad va baroyashon sukhanronii makhsuse erod mekard. Az CHobir
ibni Abdulloh (r) rivoyat shudaast, ki: «Payombar (s) ruzi idi Fitr
barkhost va namoz (-i id)-ro guzorid va pas az on khutba khond. Vaste fo-
rig shu?d>, furud omad va ba nazdi zanonraft va o٠nkh،o٠ro pagnd dod…».
SHoyoni zikr ast, ki in du id ba joi tamomi idho, jashnho, yodvora-
ho va munosibathoi faroaie, ki mardum dar davroni jokhiliyat dosh-
tand, az sui Hudovand ba musalmonon ehdo gardidaand. Rivoyat shuda-
ast, ki «Rasuli Hudo (s) vaqte ba Madina omad, mardumi on J0 du ruzi
khuiziyu bozi va idu doitganb. Pursid: I[nkh،o chy ruzeand? Guf-
tand: Dar zamoni dar in du ruz boziyu khu? mekardem. Rassuli
Hudo (s) farmud: Hudovand onhoro baroi shumo ba du ruzi behtare – ru-
zi (idi) Azho va ruzi (idi) Fitr – tabdil namud».230

Dar boramon

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