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GALABAI INSILOB DAR BUHORO

Abdukodir Mukhiddinov yake az chavonbukhorieni faoli tochikparast bud, ki soli 1919 tashabbuskori tasisi khizbi kommunistii Bukhoro bud.(I.Usmonov, D.Davronov Tarikhi matbuoti tochik Dushanbe-1997,-s.61.)
Inkilobi Bukhororo tanho kommuniston tayyor nakardand.Imruz andeshae mavchud ast, ki dar Bukhoro aslan inkilob nabud va onro tanho rusho ishol namudandu khalos. In akida ba ilm umumiyate nadorad. On zukhurote, ki dar Bukhoro tagiroti qatii ichtimoi ba amal omad,bozguyandai inkilob ast. Zieda az on inkilob az zamiri kalbi onhoe bud,
ki bandagivu bechoragi ruzashonroba shabi tor tabdil
namuda va andeshahoi onhoro na tanho kommuniston, balki namoyandagoni khizbhoi digar, az chumla na tanho
chavonbukhorien, balki namoyandagoni khizbhoi digar difo namudand.
Az nokomii faoliyati Kolesov rohbariyati shuravi ba khulosa omad, ki dar Bukhoro baroi ba amal barovardani digargunihoi inkilobi boyad zaminhoi siyosi tayyor karda shavad. Pesh az hama zarur bud, ki sokhtori markazi rohbariyati inkilobi mushakhas gardonda shavad. Dar dokhili Bukhoro baroi tashkil dodani khizbi ba khizbi bolshevikon shabohat doshta zaminahoi ichtimoi nabudand. Dar sartosari sarhadi Turkiston va amorat shahru dehahoi rusnishin voqe buda, onkho tarafdori sarnagun kardani sokhti amiri budand. Baroi tashkil namudani khizbi kommunisti gurezahoi amorat, ki badi kushishi bebarori Kolesov ba Turkiston gurekhta budand, kushish mekardand. Mahz chavon-bukhoriyon baroi tashkil namudani khizbi kommunisti zamina guzoshtand.
Az ibtidoi soli 1918 baroi sozmon dodani khizbi kommunistii Bukhoro kish mekardand. Nihoyat mokhi noyabri soli 1918 dar Toshkand anchani I khizb davat karda shuda, tashkilyobii khib elon shud. Dar anchuman maqomoti rohbarikunandai KM HK Bukhoro intikhob gardida, A. YOkubov Rais va N.Huseynov muovini raisi khizb intikhob shudand. 23 dekabri soli 1918 dar machlisi KM khizb barnomai on kabul gardid. Dar barnoma barham dodani sokhti amiri va barpo namudani chumkhurii khalkii shuravi dar nazar doshta meshud. Hizb matbuoti khud (soli 1920 ruznomai «Tong» «Subkh» va badtar «Kutlush» «Ozodi»)-ro dosht.
Dar barobari khizbi kommunistii Bukhoro khizbi chavonbukhoriyon ba faoliyat sar kard. Mokhi yanvari soli 1920 dar Toshkand khizbi chavonbukhoriyon ba firkai chavon bukhoriyon- inkilobchiyon tabdil yoft.
Raisi khizb yake az faoloni harakati chadidi Fayzullo- khocha intikhob gardid. Az rui baze malumotho ba khizb beshtar az 900 nafar shomil budand. 14 yanvari soli 1920 barnomai khizb intishor gardid, ki dar on dar borai barpo kardani nizomi navi odilona dar Bukhoro va vazifahoi khizb nishon doda shudand. Dar barnoma inchunin dar borai az mansabhoi intikhobotii davlati dur kardani istismorgaron, khonho, bekon, amaldoroni kalon va namoyandagoni ruhoniyoni balandrutba dar nazar doshta meshud. Baroi tashkili khukumati khalqi tamomi millathoi maskuni Bukhoro dar asosi adolat chalb karda meshudand. Ba dekhdonon dodani tamomi zaminhoe, ki az amaldoroni amiri, bekho va boyho kashida meshavad dar nazar doshta meshud. (Inkilobi Bukhoro //Sadoi SHark.- 1990.- № 9.- S.100).
Boyad qayd kard, ki chavonbukhoriyon tachribai muborizai solhoi peshtararo ba nazar girifta ba khulosae omadand, ki baroi ba dast darovardani muvaffakiyat ba khizbi kommunistii Bukhoro mutakhid shudan ba maqsad muvofiq ast. Az in sabab masalahoi yakchoya namudani sozmoni khudro bo HBK ba miyon guzoshtand. In masala 28 iyuli soli 1920 dar byuroi tashkilii KMHK(b) Rossiya mavridi barrasi qaror girifta 18 avgust dar borai muttakhid kardani HBK bo chavonbukhoriyon qaror qabul shud.
10 avgusti soli 1920 dar Byuroi siyosii KMHK(b), ki V.Lenin ishtirok dosht, masalahoi siyosii Bukhoro mavridi muhokima karor girift. 11 avgust ba Toshkand dasturi KMHK(b) firistoda shud. 12 avgust farmondikhii chabhai Turkiston M. Frunze ba askaron murochiat namuda meguyand: «Ba irtiboti khuruchi mavridi intizorii khalki Bukhoro dar rokhi muborizai ru ba ru bo amiri khud» ba hujum omada boshand. Baroi ba shurish rohbari kardan 25 avgust «Markazi khizbi» sozmon doda shud. Ba hayati markazi khizbi V.Kuybishev, N.Husenov va F. Hocha dokhil meshudand.
Vaziyat amaliyoti favriro talab mekard. Vale kuvvahoi inkilobi dar Bukhoro kamshumor budand. Az in ru chavonbukhoriyon va kommunistoni Bukhoro be yorii harbii shuravi ba muvaffakiyati muboriza bovarii komil nadoshtand.
Bomdodi 29-avgusti soli 1920 dastai savorai nizomii Turkman tahti farmondekhii Kulmuhammadov CHorchuyi kuhnaro ishol namuda, beki onjoro dastgir kard. Dar in jo Komiteti inkilobi tasis yoft va az farmondehi jabhai Turkiston yori pursid. Askaroni surkh 29-avgust bo dastgirii tayyoraho ba shahri Bukhoro hujum kardand.
YAke az ishtirokchiyoni bombaboronkunii Bukhoro Fousen on ruzhoro chunin ba yod ovardaast: – «Mo Bukhororo bombaboron mekardem va imorathoi kadimaro ba kharobazor tabdil dodem. Makhsusan vaqte, ki bombai partoftaamon rost ba manorai marg merasid shodiyu khursandi mekardem. Harchand baroi mo in hadafzaniho mohiyatan foidae nadosht…» (Toirov.T. Bombaboroni Bukhoro //Sadoi SHarq.- 1990.- S. 95). Tupzanihoi na tanho sarbozoni amirro ba vahm meovardand balki sokinoni shahr ki tayyorahoro hayotan nadida budand az tars ba har taraf medavidand.
Muvofiki baze malumotho Bukhoro 20 ruz dar hukmi sukhtor bud. Dar natija 34 guzar, ziyoda az 1000 dukon, 20 saroy, 29 masjid, 3 hazor havli sukhta kharob shudand. (Mukhtorov A. Daruni jomai rangin // Adabiyot va sanat.- 1990.-18 yanv.).

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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