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MAZDAKIYA

Mazdakiya buzurgtarin harakati ichtimoii zamoni Sosoniyon bud, ki khususiyati oshkori diny dosht.
Harakati Mazdak dar soli 494 dar zamoni khukumronii Kubodshoh sar shud, ki to soli 529 idoma yoft. Dar avval Mazdakiya, hamchun firqai monaviya paydo shuda, goyahoi demokratii in talimotro inkishof dod. Mazdakiya ba monandi Zardushtiya va Monaviya robitai du mabdai qadim – khayru sharro asosi goyahoi siyosii khud kabul kard. Muvofiki talimoti Mazdak hamai odamon barobar ofarida shudaand, az in sabab taqsimoti nobarobari sarvat beadolati meboshad. Mazdak dar talimoti khud dar borai barham dodani nobarobarii iktisodii chamiyat, umumy kardani molu mulk va bekor kardani imtiyozi tabaqavii ashrofon talab guzosht. inchunin u peshnihod karda bud, ki zanon az haramkhonai boyho barovarda shavand, ba odathoi bisyorzany khotima doda shavad.
Mazdak sababi mukholifatro dar kinu adovat, nobarobarii odamon dar chamiyat medonist. Binobar in boyad nobarobary va kinu adovat az bayn bardoshta shavad barobarii ichtimoy barkaror gardad. Baroi barqaror kardani barobary dar chamiyat tamomi sarvathoi moddy boyad chamiyaty boshand, to ki hama azoyoni chamiyat imkoniyati istifodai barobari onhoro paydo kunand.
Sarvatmandon bo rokhi zury sarvati chamiyatro az zud kardand. Baroi tantanai adolati ichtimoy molikiyati sarvatmandonro kashida girifta, az rui adolati bayni omma taqsim kardan zarur ast. Molikiyat misli obu otash dastrasi umum boshad.
Talimoti Mazdak dar zamone sar shud, ki davlati Sosoniyo davrai bukhroni shadidro az sar meguzaronid. CHanghoi pay dar paye, ki Sosoniyon bo Haytoliyon va Rum meburd, iktisodiyoti mamlakatro falach, gardondand. Hazina kholy shud. Sosoniyon dar chunin sharoit andozhoi davlatiro duchand ziyod kardand. Zulmu istibdodi ashrofon hadu kanor nadosht. Ilova az on khushksolii pay dar pay ahvoli ommaro boz ham dushvor gardond. Azbaski Mazdak dar talimoti khud orzuyu niyati ommai kambagalonro asos girifta bud, khalki mazlum guruh- guruh ba tarafi Mazdak guzasht. u ba manfiati khalki zakhmatkash chorahoi ziyod andeshid.
Harakati Mazdak saltanati ashrofon va davlatmandoni Sosoniro ba larza ovard. Bisyore az boyho kushta shuda, kismi digar firor kardand.
Dar navbati khud baroi mustakhkam namudani mavqei khukumat Qubodshoh khukdro payravi Mazdak elon kard. u bo in maqsad dosht bo in vasila tasiri zamindoron va ashrofoni forsro sust namoyad.
Ashrofonu zamindoroni Sosony baroi barham dodani harakati Mazdak chora andeshidand. Azbasky shoh Qubod khudro tarafdori Mazdak elon kard, ayonu ashrof zabon yak karda soli 496 Kubodshohro az takht durr karda, barodari u CHamaspro ba takhti shohy barovardand.
Kubod az habs gurekhta nazdi podshokhi Haytoliyon raft, ki ba u imdod kunad. Soli 499 Kubod bo yorii lashkari Haytoliyon az nav ba takht sokhib shud.
Badi mustakhkam namudani mavqei khud, Kubodshoh nisbati Mazdak siyosati digar pesh girift. Ba muqobili Mazdak va tarafdoroni u suiqasdi pinhony ooz yoft. Dar zarfi solhoi 528-529 Mazdak va hazoron nafar tarafdoroni u ba qatl rasonda shuda, kismi digari onho ba pinhonkory guzoshtand.
Harakati Mazdak ommai benavoyonro ba muborizai ziddi tartiboti feodaly davat menamud. Goyahoi (talimoti) u ba afkori ichtimoiyu siyosii mamlakat tasiri kalon rasond. Az in chihat in harakat kharakteri progresivy dosht.
CHihati digari harakati Mazdak dar on ast, ki manfiati ommaro tarafdory mekard, lek davati u ba chamiyati ibtidoy yak qadam ba kafo bud.

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