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Navisanda – Valeriy Mikhaylovich Voskoboynikov

Valeriy Mikhaylovich Voskoboynikov – navisan- dai bachagon, muarrikh va publisisti mashhuri rus yakumi apreli soli 1939 dar shahri Leningrad (hozira Sankt-Peterburg), dar kho- nadoni omuzgoron tavallud yofta, dar sesolagi shohidi sahnahoi dahshatbori muho- ribavu muhosirai shadidi zodgohi azizash gardidaast. Badi soliyone hamon lah- zavu sahnahoi khotirnishinu faromushnopaziri kudaki- ro ba yod ovarda navishtaast: «Odatan, odamon avval khondan, baland – baland khondan, badan navishtanro yod megirand. Ammo maro aksi hol ruy namud.

Valeriy Mikhaylovich Voskoboynikov
Surati Valeriy Mikhaylovich Voskoboynikov

Muhosirai Leningradro pushti sar guzoshta, manu modaram Urol raftem, ki dar shifokhonai jangovaron padari dar jabha charohatbar-doshtaam bistari bud. Padaram badi chande ba maydoni jang bargashtu modaram omuzgori zaboni rusi shud. Man chahorsola bosham ham, bozichae nadoshtam, hol on ki kudaki tamomi ruz dar khona tanhomondaro sargarmi shugle doshtan lozim bud. Baroi hamin, modaram hamaruza gazeta, qalam va porae oazi devororoyiro, ki hamsoyagoni khonaashonro ba mo ijoradoda garamash karda budand, dar ikhtiyori man guzoshta, payi korash meraft. Az maktab bargashta maqolai dar sahifai tozai oazi devororoyi bo harfhoi kalon-kalon az gazeta ruybardorkardai maro az nazar meguzarond.

Man hamin guna navishtanro yod girifta, qaror dodam, ki barobari ba voya rasidan, hatman, navisanda meshavam. On vaqtho chunin mepindoshtam, ki navisandaho gazeta menavisand, chi qadar gazeta boshad, hamon kadar navisanda hast. Lekin az mavchudiyati kitob hatto darake nadoshtam – moro dar khona kitobe nabud. Orzu mekardam, ki zudtar kalon shavamu bo harfhoi rezavu hamvori gazety navishtanro yod giram. Badi chande nakhustin gazetai khudro chop kardam».

Ba dushvorivu nodorihoi badijangy nigoh nakarda, Valeriy Mikhaylovich dilgarmona khondanu omukhtanro davom doda, soli 1957 Tekhnikumi tekhnologiyai istehsoli naftro ba farjom rasonda, donishjuyi Instituti tekhnologii Leningrad shudaast. SHabona khondavu ruzona kor kardaast. Solhoi 1958­1960 karzi vatandoriro ba joy ovarda, dar muassisahoi gunoguni Leningrad (1957-1558; 1961-1966) ba sifati muhandis faoliyat burdaast. Ammo mekhru muhabbati garmi navisandagy lakha   domanashro furu nameguzorad: u sarnavishti khudro ba sarnavishti

adabiyot mepayvandad. Az soli 1973, badi khatmi Kursi olii adabiyot (dar Moskav) hunaru istedodashro komilan vakfi adabiyoti bachagon megardonad.

Avvalin khikoyai uro jurnali «Smena» muntashir sokhta, badan navishtahoyashro mokhnomahoi mashkhuru marufi kudakon – «Kostyor»-u «Iskorka», kalonsolon «Avrora»-vu «Zvezda»-vu «Neva» payiham ba tab merasonand. Nakhustin kitobi qissavu khikoyahoyash («Man ba tatil meravam»)-ro soli 1966 nashriyoti «Detskaya literatura» az chop mebarorad.

Faoliyati shtsola dar vazifai mudiri shubai nazmu nasri jurnali «Kostyor» (1973-1980) uro madadu musoyadat mekunad, ki jahoni khonandai javonro bekhtar omuzadu donad. Behuda nest, ki navisanda dar ofaridahoi khud masoili mukhimmi akhlokiro mavridi barrasii jiddy karor doda, navrasonro vodor mesozad, ki bar raftoru kirdorashon andesha kunand, nekro az badu safedro az siyokh, tafrika doda tavonand. Nakhustin ofaridahoi YUriy Koval, Vasiliy Aksyonov, Sergey Ivanov va digar navisandagoni javonro dastrasi khonandagon gardonda, darvozai kokhi mukaddasi nigorandagiro ba ruyashon vo menamoyad va juratu rokhkhati navisandagy mebakhshadashon.

Asarhoi V.M. Voskoboynikov na tanho dar kalam- ravi sobik CHamokhiri Ittihodi SHuravy va mahofilu majolisi rusizabonu rusitaboroni jahon, balki aksari mamoliki mutamaddinu kitobdustu kitobkhoni olam az marufiyatu mahbubiyati tamome barkhurdorand. Az chumla, kissai «Daftari mukovasurkh»-i u, ki soli 1971 nakhustin marotiba dar Leningrad intishor yofta bud, dar YAponiya, IMA, Lakhiston va Ajoriston ham tarchumavu chop shudaast. Hamchunin, asari mazkur az jonibi nashriyoti «Raduga» ba chandin zaboni khorijy muntashir gardidaast. Kitobi «CHazirai Beshamol»-i u dar YAponiya se marotiba intishor yoftaast. Qissai tarikhii «Hakimi buzurg» (Maskav, «Molodaya gvardiya», 1972), ki ba tasviri ruzgori nobigai notakrori tojik Abualy ibni Sino (980-1037) bakhshida shudaast, soli 1980 bo karori YUNESKO, ba munosibati 1000-umin solgardi zodruzi buzurgvor takroran ba zaboni rusy, hamchunin, dar tarjuma, dar Tikiston, Ozarboyjon (2 marotiba), Turkmaniston, Uzbekiston va Totoriston ba tab rasidaast.

Solhoi 90-umi asri guzashta navisanda hamrokhi iddae hampeshagonash ideyai bunyodi silsilai «Hiotho dar borai avliyoi pravoslavy»-ro baroi kudakoni sinni khurdi maktaby amaly gardonda, dar khususi ruzgoru guftahoi buzurgone, chun «Nikolayi Mujizakor, muqarrabi Hudo» (1993), «Knyazi Buzurg Vladimir, barobarapostoli mukaddas» (1994), «Barobarapostoloni muqaddas – barodaron Kirillu Mefodiy» (1994) va digaron, 16 qissai mujazu ikhcham intishor dodaast. Ammo, bo in hama, kori talifi asarhoi tashakkuldihandai farhangi manavii kudakonro mavkuf naguzoridaast, ki bozii «Bibliyai musavvar baroi kiroati oilavy» (Sankt-Peterburg, «Zolotoy vek») guvohi on meboshad.

Solhoi navadumi asri bistum, dar haqiqat, ovoni sarshorii adabiyoti rus az osori mansuri baroi bachagon ejodgardida budand. Dar in davra boz yak oyai digari V.M. Voskoboynikov jomai amal pushidaand. Dar silsilai «Edinorog» romanhoi dar mavzui eposi mardumi gunoguni olam, monandi «Kissai Zigfridi bebok va nibelungoni tavono» (dar asosi eposi asrimiyonagii olmony; 1996) va «Gilgameshi dilovar» (dar zaminai eposi kadimii shumerivu akkadiyon; 1997) ba chop rasidand, ki baroi bachagoni sinni miyonai maktaby peshbiny shudaand.

V.M. Voskoboynikov baroi maktabiyoni khurdsol asari cholibu mufidi «Ruzgori bachagoni nomdor»-ro talifu muntashir sokhtaast (1999), ki dar bobi davroni bachagii afrodi nomy, monandi Iskandari Makduny, Aleksandr Suvorov, Isaak Nyuton, CHarli CHaplin, Pyotri Avval va digaron kissapardozy mekunand. Malum meshavad, ki na hamai onon az kudaky hamadon, az ruzi tavalludashon sokhibi istedodi favkulodae budaand; baraks, onhoro, hatto, bachagoni behunar, talabagoni foribol mekhiso- bidaand. Ammo hunaru istedodashon okh,ista-okh,ista zuhur yoftaast. Muallif baroi in asarash sazovori Diplomi iftikhorii SHuroi baynalkhalkii kitobi kudak (soli 2000) gardonida shudaast.

V.M.Voskoboynikov ofaridgori beshtar az shast kitob baroi bachagon, zindaginomahoi tarikhy baroi kudakonu kalonsolon, Laureati chandin Ozmuni umumiittifokivu umumirusiyavii «Bekhtarin kitobi kudak» buda, sharafmandi daryofti Diplomi iftikhorii baynalkhalkii ba nomi H.K. Andersen, CHoyizai ba nomi Samuil Marshak va CHoyizai ba nomi Aleksandr Grin gardidaast. Baroi kitobi «Hamaash khub meshavad» (soli 2007) sazovori Diplomi hayati hakamoni ozmuni kudakoni kitobkhon va CHoyizai millii adabiyoti bachagon gardonida shudaast.

Ejodiyoti Valeriy Mikhaylovich na tanho kissavu khikoya, balki radiopyesaho, asarhoi ilmii ommavi va makolahoi adabiyotshinosiro faro megirad. Beshtar az dah sol Ittihodiyai navisandagoni javon – ofarandagoni adabiyoti bachagonro rohbari karda, uzvi SHuroi takhririyai jurnali mashkhuri «Detskaya literatura» budaast. Az soli 1987 sarvarii bakhshi adabiyoti kudakonu navrasoni Ittifoki navisandagoni Sankt-Peterburgro bar uvda doshta, az soli 1998 uzvi SHuroi kitobi bachagoni Rusiya meboshad. Hamchunin, uzvi hayati hakamoni CHoyizai millii adabiyoti bacha- goni «Zavetnaya mechta» (mavsimi 2007-2008) budaast.

Hamin tarik, V.M. Voskoboynikov az mashkhuru mahbubtarin adiboni sohai adabiyoti kudakonu navra- soni rus shinokhta shuda, kamtar navisandaero metavon muloki gardid, ki zamonu makon va qakhramoni ofaridahoyash ba in daraja farokhdomonu gustardavu gunogunkiyofa boshand.

Hushbakhtona, Valeriy Mikhaylovich, dar barobari khub omukhtanu donistani tarikhu farhangi khalki rus va mardumoni digari olam, az tarikhu farhangi mardumi mo ham vukufi tamom dorad, ki kissai musannadi tarikhii «Hakimi buzurg» (1972,1980,        2011) va

qissahoi tarikhii «SHarki Kuhan» (1998) guvohi onand.

ASARHOI MARUFI V.M. VOSKOBOYNIKOV

  1. Man ba tatil meravam. Qissavu khikoyaho. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1966.
  2. Turnahoi shakhr (dar hamqalamii V. Arro). Qissa. – Leningrad, 1968.
  3. Zurtarinhoi havly. Kissavu hioho. – Leningrad, «Lenizdat», 1969.
  4. Tiramohi digar. Qissaho. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1969.
  5. Daftari mukovasurkh. Qissa. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1971, 1975.
  6. Hakimi buzurg. Kissai tarikhy dar borai Ibni Sino. – Maskav, «Molodaya gvardiya», 1972, 1980, 2011.
  7. Davom dorad. Qissaho. – Leningrad, 1973.
  8. Oftobi sari roh. Qissa.- Leningrad, 1973.
  9. Vakte ki boz maktab meravam. Qissa.- Leningrad, 1974.
  10. Davati Artika. Qissai tarikhy. – Maskav, «Molodaya gvardiya», 1975.
  11. Sayrugashti pagokhiruzy. Qissa. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1976. Dar YAponiya tarjumavu chop shudaast.
  12. Subh bakhayr, CHukotka! Kissa. Leningrad, 1977.
  13. Vasiliy Vasilevich. Kissai khuchchaty. Leningrad, 1978.
  14. Kirill va Mefodiy. Qissai tarikhy. – Maskav, «Molodaya gvardiya», 1979.
  15. CHairai Beshamol. Qissa. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1981. Dar YAponiya se marotiba tarchumavu chop shudaast.
  16. Zangulahoi bomdody. Romani tarikhy. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1983, Dar Litva, Ukraina va Totoriston ham tarjumavu chop shudaast.
  1. Nuhsad ruzi chasorat. Hioho dar borai muhosirai Leningrad. – Maskav, «Malish» 1984, 1985, 1986, 1969. Dar Ukraina ham tarchumavu chop shudaast (ba tedodi 3 mln nuskha).
  2. Dukhtaraku pisaraku sag. Kissaho. – Leningrad, «Detskaya literatura», 1988. Soli 1989 bo Diplomi iftikhorii Ozmuni umumiittifokii bekhtarin kitobi kudak mukofotonida shudaast.
  3. Nikolayi Mujizakor, mukarrabi Hudo. Qissai tarikhi. – Sankt-Peterburg, «Lisey», 1993.
  4. Knyazi Buzurg Vladimir, barobarapostoli mukaddas. Kissai tarikhi. – Sankt-Peterburg, «Lisey», 1994.
  5. Barobarapostoloni muqaddas – barodaron Kirillu Mefodiy. Kissai tarikhi. – Leningrad, «Lisey», 1994.
  6. Kissai Zigfridi bebok va nibelun goni tavono. Romani hamosi. – Maskav, «Terra», 1996.
  7. Gilgameshi dilovar. Romani tarikhi. – Maskav, «Terra», 1997. Dar ruykhati jurnali «Knijnoe obozrenie» ba guruhi «Bekhtarini bekhtarinho» vorid shudaast.
  8. Ruzgori bachagoni nomdor. Hioho dar borai bachagii afrodi buzurg. – Sankt-Peterburg, «Obrazova- nie-Kultura», 1997, 1998, 1999. Dar Ozmuni umumi- rusiyavii «Arliada – 1998» sazovori mukofot gardida- ast. Hamchunin, sharafyobi Diplomi iftikhorii baynal- khalqii ba nomi H.K. Andersen gardonida shudaast.
  9. SHarki Kuhan. Kissahoi tarikhi. – Sankt- Peterburg, «Respeks», 1998.
  10. SHamsheri Dovmont. Romani tarikhi. – Sankt- Peterburg – Maskav, «Azbuka-Terra», 1998.
  11. Kitobi qissahoi tarikhi. Qissaho dar borai peshvoyoni dini pravoslavi. – Sankt-Peterburg, «Zolotoy vek», 1999, 2003.
  12. Bibliyai musavvar baroi kiroati oilavi. Bo hidoyati Patriarkhi Mukaddasi Maskav va Sarosari Rus Aleksiyi Duvum intishor yoftaast. – Sankt- Peterburg, «Zolotoy vek», 2003. Dar Namoishgokhi baynalkhalkii kitobi «Forumi Neva» (2003) sazovori mukofoti oli gurdidaast.
  13. Tarikhnomai musavvar baroi bachagon. – Sankt-Peterburg, «Zolotoy vek», 2003 (yakchand tiraj intishor yoftaast).
  14. Serafim Sorovskiy. Qissai tarikhi. – Maskav, «Rosmen», 2003.
  15. Haft mujizai olam. Atlasi musavvar. – Maskav, «Oniks-21 vek», 2005.

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JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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