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Ruza doshtan dar in ruzho karohiyat dorad va yo man ast

Ruzai ruzi shak ba niyati vujub (Ramazon) kharom (makrukhi takhri-
my) va ba niyati tatavvu makrukh ast. Ruzi shak on ast, ki ekhtimoli
shabon va Ramazon kharduro dorad – khanuz ba poyon rasidani mokhi
shabon va daromadani mokhi Ramazon ba tavri anik muayyan nagashta-
ast. Ammor ibni YOsir (r) mefarmoyad: «Kase ruzi shak ruza girad, vo-
qean ham, Abulqosim Muuammad (s)-ro nofarmoni kardaast».161
Az Abukhurayra (r) rivoyat shudaast, ki Rasuli Hudo (s) farmud:
«Ramazonro bo doshtani yak yo du ruz ruza peshdasti nanamoed, magar ka-
se, ki sablan ruzador boshad, pas vay metavonad on ruzro ruza bigirad» .162
Bar khamin asos ruza doshtani ruzi shak baroi odamone, ki kablan
ruzador boshand, mamnuiyate nadorad, vale baroi gayri onkho makrukh
meboshad. Bo in khol vakte niyat kunad, ki agar Ramazon boshad, ruzai
farz doram va illo ruzai nafl va zokhir shavad, ki on ruz az Ramazon
buda, az Ramazon ba shumor oyad.
Hamchunin ruza doshtani ruzkhoi idi Ramazon va Kurbon va ruzkhoi
tashrik man ast. Rivoyat shudaast, ki Rasuli Hudo (s): «Az ruza doshtani
ruzhoi idi Ramazon va Qurbon nahy namud».163 Rasuli Hudo (s) dar borai
ruzkhoi tashrik, yane se ruzi digari idi kurbon mefarmoyad: «Ayyomi
tashris ruzhoi khurdanu nushidan va zikri Hudoi taolo meboshand».164
Payombar (s) khamchunin az ruzai visol nakhy namudaast. Ruzai visol
on ast, ki shakhse be iftor va sakharikhury chand ruz payvasta ruza bigi-
rad. Payombar (s) khudash ruzai visol megirift va baze sakhobagon bo
payravy az on Hazrat (s) ruzai visol giriftand. On Hazrat (s) onkhoro
man kard va farmud: «Ruzai visol nagired. Guftand: Tu (khudat) ru-
zai visol megiri!? Guft: Man misli shumo nestam, balki ba man taom
va sharob doda meshavad va dar rivoyate omadaast: Maro Parvardigoram
mekhuronad va menushonad».
Dar rivoyati Abusaid (r) omadaast: «… Agar kase az shumo ruzai
visol doshtan bikhohad, pas to sahar visol namoyad» .166 Pas malum me-
shavad, ki agar kase bikhokhad, metavonad to sakhar ruzai visol bigirad,
yane begoh iftor nakunad va ruzaashro to zamoni saharikhury idoma
dihad. Vale ruzai visol ba tavri mutlak mamnu meboshad. Dar rivo-
yati Abuhurayra (r) omadaast: «… Amaluoro ba andozai kuvvat va ta-
vonoii khud ansom dihed».167 Pas malum megardad, ki ruzai visol az
tobu tavoni shakhs berun meboshad.
Ikhtisos dodani ruzi juma va yo shanbe ba ruza karokhiyat dorad,
vale agar onho yakjoya girifta shavand va yo ruzi panshnbe bo juma
girifta shavad, boke nadorad. Az Abuhurayra (r) rivoyat shuda, ki Pa-

tisos nadiued va ruzashro az bayni ruzho ba ruza ikhtisos nadiued, ma-
gar on ki on ba ruze muvofiq ki kase az shumo on1r>o (kablan) ruza me-
dosht». Boz mefarmoyad: Payombar (s)-ro shunidam, ki farmud: «Kase
az shumo ruzi sumaro ba tanuoy ruza nadorad, magar hamroh bo ruzi
qabl va yo badi on».

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