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SADAQAI FITR

adaqai Fitr zakoti saronae meboshad, ki shakhsi musalmon
pas az khotimai mokhi Ramazon baroi jubroni norasoikho va
kuokhikhoi khud dar asnoi ruzai in mokh, va khamchunin baroi
dasgiri va kumaki benavoyon dar ruzi id onro pardokht menamoyad.
Sadakai Fitr idomai barnomai takofuli ijtimoy dar Islom
meboshad, ki ba surati barjasta va bo shukuhi khose dar ruzi idi Rama-
zon amaly megardad. Dar on ruz musalmonon bori digar dar khotimai
mokhi Ramazon ikhlosu sadokat ba arzishhoi dini Islom, satkhi balan-
di khudsozy, marifati diny va taassuroti insonii khudro dar zarfi
yak mokhi ruza va hamin tavr namunae az hambastagiyu takofuli ijti-
moii kheshro ba namoish meguzorand va ba niyozmandoni jomea bo nomi
sadakai Fitr dasti navozish daroz mekunand.
Sadakai Fitr sababi pogizagii nafsi inson az baze behudagiho
va pleftagihoe meboshad, ki imkon dorad goho ruzadoron dar mokhi
Ramazon ba on oluda shuda boshand. Hamchunin, kambagalon va kishri
niyozmandi chomea loakal dar ruzhoi id az khurok va ekhtiyojoti munosi-
be bakhramand megardand.
Ibni Abbos (r) rivoyat mekunad, ki «Rasuli Hudo (s) zakoti Fitr-
ro baroi pok gardidani r ador az behudagy va badsukhany va hamchunin
baroi faroham gardidani gizoi munosibe baroi niyozmandon farz gardo-
nidaast. Kase onro pesh az namoz (-i id) ado namoyad, on zakoti pazi-
vakase bad az namoz ado nyumyuyad؛, on sadakae az sa-
dakot meboshad» .235
Islom dar zimni barnomahoi ibodatii khud usuli iktisody va
tarkhi kafolathoi ijtimoiro ba surati zebo va bo peshbinihoi daki-
ke darch namudaast, ki dar on ham arzishhoi insony, az kabili baroda-
ry, hambastagy va tamini zindagonii obrumandona baroi tamomi
qishrhoi jomea tahakkuk meyoband va ham bo khissi kamoli bandagy va
anjomi vazifai shary az sui dorandagon pardokht meshavand.
Pardokhti sadakai Fitr bar shakhsi doroi sharoit vojib buda, so-
li duyumi hijry hamzamon bo farz gardidani ruzai mokhi Ramazon so-
bit shudaast. Onro dar istilokhi shar ham sadakai Fitr va ham zako-
ti Fitr meguyand.
Az chandin nafar peshvoyoni Islom, az jumla Ikrima rivoyat
shudaast, ki manzur az pokizagy dar oyati karima «Dar voqe, rastagor
gardidaast kase, ki (khudro) pok sokhta va nomi Parvardigorashro ba yod
235 Sunani Abudovud, 1609. Sunani Ibni Mocha, 1827. 
ovarda namoz guzoridaast» dodani sadakai Fitr ast.
Rivoyat shudaast, ki amiri muminon Umar ibni Abdulaziz (rh)
mardumro ba dodani sadakai Fitr amr mekard va in oyatro: «Dar vo-
qe, rastagor gardidaast kase, ki pok gardid va nomi Parvardigorash-
ro ba yod ovard, on gokh, namoz guzorid» tilovat mekard. Vay iborai
«Man tazakko» -ro dar oyati «ba manoi «Kase
zakot (va yo sadaqa)-i Fitr(ash)-r0 bidikhad, dar voke, rastagor gar-
dida…» tafsir kardaast.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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