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SHISHI SOLI 1916 VA VAZI SIYOSII OSIYOI MIYONA

25-umi iyuni soli 1916 imperatori rus Nikolai II «Dar borai safarbarii mardhoi aholii mahali tobekhi imperiya ba kori sokhtmoni inshooti mudofia dar mahali urdui amalkunanda va hamchun baroi anchomi hama guna korhoi mudofiyai davlat zarur» farmon barovard. Muvofiki in farmon boyad az Turkiston 250-hazor nafar mardoni az 19 to 44 sola safarbar karda meshudand.
Farmon dar davrai hosilgundori baromada, safarbarkunii kuvvai kori ba aqiboh tasiri bad merasond.
CHangi chahoni ba iktisodiyoti Rossiya tasiri
kharobiovar rasond. Dar natichai chang sohahoi asosii
khochagii khalki mamlakat kasod shud va darachai zindagonii khalq past faromad. Ba chang 47% mardoni qobili mehnat safarbar karda shudand.
Kulfati chang, talafoti choni, besalohiyatii hayati farmondehi, khiyonati bevositai hukumatdoron, kharobshavii aqiboh boisi khashmu azabi khalk gardid.
CHang ba iktisodiyoti Osiyoi Miyona, az chumla, nohiyahoi tochiknishini on tasiri kharobovar rasond. Kashonda ovardani mahsuloti sanoati ba Osiyoi Miyona qat gardid. Az Osiyoi Miyona barovardani ashyoi khom va ozuqavori baraks meafzud. Ba sababi past faromadani narkhi pakhta khochagii pakhtakori kharob gardida, solhoi 1915-1916 dar Osiyoi Miyona buhroni iqtisodi sar zad. Dar solhoi chang andozho dar Osiyoi Miyona 3-4 marotiba ziyod shudand. Andoz az 10%-i solhoi 80-umi asri XIX dar soli 1914 ba 75% rasid.
Soli 1916 andozi makhsusi harbi va andozi makhsusi muvavdati ba mikdori 2 sumu 50 tin az har pud pakhta chori karda shud. Andoz az zaminhoi lalmi to darachae rasonida shud, ki bisyor dehqonon az bahri zaminhoyashon meguzashtand. Az aholii chorvodor (kuchiyon) andozi sari khonagi ba andozi 4 sum az havli girifta meshud.
Az aholi bo har bahona chorvo va chizu choraashon zuran kashida girifta meshud. Soli 1915 narkhi pakhta nihoyat past farovarda shud. Dehqonon hatto kharochoti mehnati sarfshudaro pushonda nametavonistand.
Siyosati mustamlikavi, zulmi dahshatovari ichtimoi muqobiliyati sakhti aholii kishvarro ba amal ovard. Dar chunin vaziyat 25 iyuni soli 1916 farmoni podshoh dar borai ba korhoi akibgoh safarbar namudani aholii ayrirus elon karda shud. To in davra sokinoni Qazoqiston va Osiyoi Miyona ba khizmati harbi davat karda nameshudand. Ba ivazi khizmati harbi ba hukumati podshohi andozi makhsusi ilovagi medodand. Tamomi in zulmu sitam sababi shurishi soli 1916 gardid.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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