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Savdo.

Munosibathoi moliyu puli dar arafai amorat hamroh shudani Bukhoroi SHarki khelo makhdud budand. Faqat Hissor va Kabodiyon markazhoi kaloni savdoi ba hisob meraftand, chunin nazar ba digar bekigarihoi Bukhoroi SHarki, Hissoru Qabodiyon rokhdoi khubi aloqai savdoi doshtand. Dar bekigarihoi Qaroteginu Darvoz boshad, savdo nisbati sust ba nazar merasid. Bukhoroi SHarki az kadimulayyom bo tilloi khud shuhrat dosht. Dar bozorhoi Fargona Qaroteginro didan mumkin bud. Asosan tilloro dar Qarotegin az sokhilhoi daryoho ba dast meovardand. Baroi kharidani tillo az Hindustoni Kobul ba Qarotegin meomadand.
Dar bekigarii Darvozniz ba tavri ibtidoi ba istehsoli tilo mashgul budand, ki dar natichai mekhnati ziyod miqdori kami tillo ba dast meovardand.
Pesh az istilokhshudanashon dar in nokhiyahoi munosibathoi savdoi ba tavri na on kadar inkishof yofta vuchud doshtand, vale badi az tarafi amorati Bukhoro istilo shudani nokhiyahoi CHanubii SHarki va Markazii Tochikiston munosibathoi pulliyu moli kame boshad ham pesh raft. Na tanho savdoi dokhili, balki sadoi khorichii Bukhoroi SHarki nazarras gardid. Mahsuloti asosie, ki dar bekigarihoi nokhiyahoi CHnubu SHarkii va Markazii Tochikiston ba khorich, barovarda meshud, asosan mahsuloti bud. Dar katori mahsuloti kishovarzi chorvo niz ba furush barovarda meshud.
Kulob yake az markazhoi savdoi dar Bukhoroi SHarki ba shumor meraft. Nisbat ba Kuronteppa va Qabodiyon sahmi on ziyodtar bud. “Dar hudi Kulob haftae du marotiba bozor barpo meshud, ki dar bozor tamomi namudi mahsulot ba furush barovarda mushud. Dar bozor ba gayr az mahsuloti ustokhonahoe, ki dar dokhili bozor budand, boz 50 dukoni mahsuloti manufakturi, 5 dukoni savdogaroni hindi, 5dukoni mahsuloti az chub tayyor karda shuda, du se dukoni furushi mahsuloti kuloli 5-6 dukoni furushi ravgan, mevachot, yakchand dukon baroi furushi mahsuloti alladona az kabili chav, gandum birinch, va ayraho vuchud dosht.
Dar markazi bekigarii Karotegin-Garm bozori serodam vuchud dosht. Nazar ba digar bozorho dar bozori Garm dukonho kamtar budand. Dar tamomi bekigarii Qarotegin tanho yak bozor mavchud bud, ki narkhhoi takhmini bozorro khudi bozor tain menamud. Az hamin chikhat bozori Garm az digar bozorhoi nohiyahoi Bukhoroi SHarki fark mekard.
Dar bekigarii Darvoz to okhiri solhoi 80-umi asri XIX bozor vuchud nadosht. Faqat dar avvali soli 90-um dar Kalai qum bozrhoi tashkil shudand. Dar bozorhoi Darvoz ayr az mahsuloti kishovarzi, boz yakchand namudi mahsuloti istehsoli mahali, makhsusan mahsuloti ohanin ba furush barovarda meshud.
Dar bozorhoi Bukhoroi SHarkii ayr az mahsuloti istehsoli mahali, az khorich, az chumla az Hinduston, Afgoniston va Eron molhoi khudro ba furush meovardand.
Ba peshraft va taraqqii nohiyahoi CHanubu SHarq va Markazii Tochikiston pesh az hama nabudani rohhoi aloqa sadi roh megardidand. Az sababi nabudani rohhoi durust savdogaroni in nohiyaho kam ba beruni kishvar az chumla ba Turkiston mebaromadand. CHunin vazi noguvori rokhdo, ki pesh az hama durustii onho ba nafi savdogaron ast, diqqati khukumati Rossiya va pomeshikonu kapitalistoni Rusho ba khud chalb menamud. Hnomi durust budani rokhdo savdogaroni rus imkoniyat paydo karda metaonistand, ki ba daruntari amorati Bukhoro az jumla Bukhoroi SHarqi sar darorand. Okhiri asri XIX va ibtidoi asri XX davrai mustakhkm gardidani munosibatho va aloqahoi tichoratii hamai nohiyahoi CHanubu SHarqi va Markazii Tochikiston bo Turkiston meboshad. YAk qator mahsuloti zamindori va chorvodori aknun na faqat ba bozorhoi Bukhoroi Garbi, balki ba Turkiston ham burda meshudand. Ba sokhti idorakuni feodali, ki dar amorat vuchud nigoh nakarda, munosibathoi kapitalisti ohista-okhista ba nohiyahoi Bukhoroi SHarqi sar darovardan giriftand. Dar in kor nakshi muhimro sokhtmoni rokhdo az Farona ba Pomir, az Samarqand ba Termiz va az Termiz ba CHubeku Kulob bozidand.
Hamin tariq okhiri asri XIX va ibtidoi asri XX iktisodiyoti nokhiyahoi CHanubu SHarki va Markazii Tochikiston barobar taraqqi namekardand. Amaldoroni amiri Bukhoro namekhostand, ki rusho berun az marzi amorai Bukhoro baroyand. Faqat shumorai kami rusizabonho dar ibtidoi acpu.XX ba bekigarihoi Kurnteppa, Kulob va Hior omada dar peshburdi khochagii qishloq ba aholii mahalli yori rasonidand. Ba barobari sar darovardani nishonahoi kapitalisti dar khochagii shlok, yak daracha ba peshraftu inkishofi muborizai ommai mehnatkashon ba muqobili sokhti mavchudbuda dar in nokhiyaho kumak rasonid.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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