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Sokhtori siyosimamurii Osiyoi Miyona dar davrai gulomdory.

Sokhti gulomdory, bad az jamiyati ibtidoy, avvalin jamiyati sinfy buda, asosi siyosy-ijtimoii onro molikiyati khususy ba hisob meravad.
Dar Avesto oid ba masalai tashkili davlathoi ibtidoii gulomdory malumot doda meshavad. In davlatho az hisobi muttahid shudani kabilaho paydo shuda az davlathoe, ki dertar tashkil yoftand, fark doshtand. Qismi asosii sokinon dar holati sokhti avlodi qaror doshtand.
CHamiyate, ki onro Avesto tasvir mekunad, chamiyati patriarkhalii chorvodoronu ziroatkoron buda, dar on nobarobarii moly hukumfamo meboshad. Muvofiki Avesto zinai poenii chamiyat khona hamchun istiqomatgohi oila va khochagii vay ba shumor meravad.Sardori oila katkhudo imanopati meboshad.
Oilahoi ba ham kheshu nazdik avlod (vis) ba hisob rafta ba on faqat kheshoni padary dokhil meshudand. Farzandoni khohar ba avlodi padari khud dokhil meshudand. Sardori avlod «vispati» nomida shuda az qabili muysafedoni obrumandi avlod intikhob meshud. Dar yak vaqt «vispati» qozy va sardori deha ba shumor meraft.
Ittihodiyai avlodhoro dar dokhili qabila «zantu» menomidand.Dar hududi qabilaho machlisi halqy va shuroi muysafedon- «hanchamana» anchanho guzaronda meshudand.
Bayni qabilaho va viloyatho ittihodho basta meshud, ki onro dahyu va sardori onhoro dahyupati meguftand. Hokimiyati dahyupatiro shuroi muysafedon nazorat mekard.
Dar yake az kismhoi Avesto-Mehr yasht doir ba muttahidshavi viloyatho ba darachai tashkilshavii davlat sukhan meravad.
Dar barobari Avseto muallifoni yunony oid ba se ittihodiyai buzurg, hamchun davlathoi nakhustini Osiyoi
Miyona-Horazm, Bokhtar va Sugd malumot medihand.
Dar nimai asri VI p.m. davlati purquvvat tasis yoft, ki dar tarikh ba nomi imperiyai Hakhomanishiyon (550-331) malum meboshad. Nomi sulola az nomi saravlodi on Hokhman hokimi viloyati Fors girifta shudaast.
Doroi I (522-486) baroi mustahkam namudani poyahoi siyosii davlat zarur donist, ki dar mamlakat islohot guzaronnad. Islohot tamomi sohahoi mamury moliyaviro darbar megirift.
Imperiyai Hakhomanishiniyon hokomiyati mutlaqo
mutamarkazonida shuda bud. SHoh hokimoni mutlaq bud va hukmi u qonuny va tagyirnopazir bud. Dar nazdi shoh SHuroi darbory, az 9-nafar iborat amal mekard, ki tanho huquqi mashvaraty dosht.
Idorai mamury az se devon, devoni moliya- khazinai podshoh, devoni dodbary (qozy, sud) va devoni artish iborat bud. Sardori devonho az tarafi shoh az bayni ashrofoni fors tain karda meshudand.
Dar davlati Hakhomanishiyon mamlakat ba 20- satrapiya taqsim karda shud. Az boloi faoliyati satrakho idorai mamury-nazoraty va khadamoti makhfy nazorat mekard.Osiyoi Miyona ba chor sotratya: Bokhtar, Sugd, Horazm va Port sakkoiho -massaggtto taqsim meshud. Ba hayati imperiya Hakhomanishinho hamroh shudani Osiyoi Miyona ravandi taravdiyoti munosibathoi gulomdoriro dar in sarzamin tezonid.
Bad az zabtkorihoi yunonu- makduny, davlati Port vusat girifta, in davlat az soli 247 p.m.to soli 224-i milody vuchud dosht, ki on dar barqarorkunii istikloliyati siyosy va farhangi millii mardumoni eroninajod badi istiloi Iskandari Makduny sahmi kalon guzoshtaast. Davrai saltanati Port-inkishofi minbadai munosibathoi gulomdori meboshad.
Dar darbori shokhi Port du SHuro-shuroi kheshovandoni nazdiki shoh va shuroi ashrofon va mubadon amal mekard. Dar korhoi davlat, sardori sarbozoni shoh-hazorapati maqomi khosa dosht. Dar in davra dar Osiyoi Miyona sokhti tabaqavy choy dosht.CHamiyat ba se tabaqa: ozodagon
(ashrofon) changovaron, kishovarzon va khunarmandon taqsim shuda bud.

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