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VAZIYATI SIYOSII DAVLATI SHURAVI VA TOJIKISTON DAR DAHSOLAI BADI JANGI

Solhoi badi chang vazi siyosii mamlakat bo charayoni peshtara idoma meyoft. Dar solhoi chang demokratiyakunonii chomeai sotsialisti mahdud shuda bud va zaruriyati inkishofi in masala az nav ba miyon omad. Vaziyat talab mekard, ki dar navbati avval usuli kori tashkilotho va sozmonhoi siyosi digar karda shuda, faoliyati onho baland bardoshta shavad. Hali in masalaho dar sistemai tashakkulyoftai on davra gayriimkon bud. Dar in choda dar Tochikiston niz yak qator choraho andeshida shudand. Ba maqsadi demokratikunonii faoliyati shuroho mohi fevrali soli 1947 intikhoboti SHuroi Olii CHSHS Tochikiston va mohi yanvari soli 1948 intikhoboti SHurohoi mahali deputathoi mehnatkashon guzaronida shud. Dar naticha shuroho az jihati tashkili mustahkam shuda, sahmi onho dar
masalahoi khochagi, ichtimoi va farhangi afzud.
Mohi dekabri soli 1948 anchumani VII HK Tochikiston dar asosi muhokimai maruzai kotibi Komiteti Markazi B.Gafurov, vazifahoi navi hizbro bo shaklu usulhoi navi rohbari muayyan namud. Dar solhoi badi changi huquqi Ittifoqhoi kasabai chumhuri vase gardida, faoliyati tashkilothoi digari chamiyati-siyosi behtar gardonida shud.
Soli 1953 I.Stalin rohbari hizbi kommunisti va davlati SHuravi badi faoliyati tuloni vafot kard. YAke az iqdomhoe, ki pas az vafoti I.Stalin dar anchumani HH HKISH (soli 1956) ba miyon omad, muhokimai shakhsparastii
Stalin bud.
Dar anchumani HH yak qator khulosahoi nazariyavi barovarda shudand. Realiyati obektivi vaziyati baynalkhalqi ba nazar girifta shuda, anchuman khulosa barovard, ki dar bayni mamlakathoi sokhti siyosiashon gunogun, hamzistii osoishta imkon dorad. Va imkoniyat hast, ki peshi changi nav girifta shavad.
Hulosai digar az vaziyati ba amal omadai baynalkhalqi dar on bud, ki dar borai bo tarzi osoishta ba sari qudrat baromadani kommuniston imkoniyat paydo shudaast.
Dar sohai siyosati dokhili anchumani vazifahoi takmili iqtisodiyot, chori namudani ruzi kori 7-soata, guzaronidani islohoti fondi nafaqavi, sokhtmoni manzil va digar masalahoro barrasi namud. Dar hamin asos «vazifai tarikhi» az chihati istehsoli mahsuloti sanoati ba mamlakathoi taraqqikardai kapitalisti barobar shudan va az onho pesh guzashtan ba miyon omad.
Dar machlisi pushidai anchan Hurushyov tamomi obruyu shuhrati Stalinro ba zeri shubha guzosht. Sokhtmoni chamiyati sotsialisti dar yak mamlakat va khususan dar CHBV obru va etibori I.Stalinro boz ham baland gardond. Dastgohi ideologi boshad baroi inkishofi shakhsparasti musoidat namud. Tamomi muvaffaqiyathoi sokhmoni sotsialisti ba nomi Stalin vobasta karda meshud. Tamomi atrofiyoni Stalin, az jumla Hurushyov pesh az hama gunahkor budand. Besabab nabud, ki Hurushyov dar maruzai khud nisbati in ehtiyotkorona munosiat karda, tamomi gunohro ba zimmai Stalin guzosht. Har kadome az rohbaroni balandpoyai hizbi va davlati baroi dar nazdi Stalin sadoqatmand budani khud az boloi yakdigar khabarkashi mekardand. Ba in vosita dar mamlakat baroi shakhsparasti zaminaho muhayyo gardida, tarzi idorakunii farmonfarmoi- mamuri ba hayoti siyosi, iktisodi, ichtimoi va madani roh yoft.
Oqibathoi shakhsparasti dar Tochikiston niz his karda meshud. Dar solhoi 40-um va avali 50-um yak qismi shahrvandoni begunohi Tochikiston ba choyhoi durdast va noobodi Qazoqiston va Sibir badara gardidand. Bo nishondodi dasisabozon tashkilothoi kumitai bekhatari odamoni ziyodro shakhsoni «khavfnok» elon karda az mansabhoi davlati dur karda, ba habs kgirifta shudand.
Dar chunin vaziyat zarur bud, ki dar mamlakat harchi zudtar ba qonun va meyorhoi muayyanshudai chomeai shuravi rioya karda shavand. Tarzi kollektivonii idorakunii mamlakat chori gardida, nomi onhoe, ki beasos chazoi siyosi giriftand, barqaror karda shavad.
Huquqhoi CHumhurihoi Ittifoqi vase gardonda shavad. Ba in maqsad KM HKISH dar asosi nishondodhoi anchumani HH HKISH doir ba shakhsparasti va oqibathoi zararnoki on qaror qabul namud. Dar in hujchat sababhoi bavuchudoii shakhsparastii Stalin tahlil gardida, rohhoi barham
dodani oqibathoi on peshnihod shuda bud. Dar qaror qayd karda shuda bud, ki dar natichai suistemol az hokimiyat va dagalona poymol namudani huquqi shahrvandon va usulhoi nodurusti rohbarii gayridemokrati hayoti chamiyati ba vuchud omad. Peshnihod karda shud, ki baroi demokratigardonii chomeai SHuravi boyad maqomoti HK baland bardoshta shavad va nazorati hizbi az boloi sokhtorhoi hokimiyat purzur gardad.

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