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VAZI SIYOSII JAHON DAR SOLHOI BADI JANGI

CHangi duyumi chakhon bo galabai kuvvakhoi ziddi gitleri ba itmom rasid. Dar galaba sakhmi davlati SHuravi baso kalon bud. Zero to kushoda shudani fronti duyum dar Avrupo Ittikhodi SHuravi yakkavu tankho ba muqobili Olmon va ittifokchiyoni on mechangid. Badi ba okhir rasidani chang dar chakhon digargunikhoi kalon ba amal omadand. Bad az shikasti fashizm baroi ba dast darovardani istiqloliyati mamlakatkhoe, ki sadsolakho dar zeri asorati mamlakatkhoi buzurg budand, zaminakhoi siyosi ba amal omadand. YAk qator davlathoi Avrupo, Amrikoi Lotini va Osiyo sohibikhtiyor gashtand. Az chumla Hinduston, ki ziyoda az dusad sol dar itoati Britaniyai Kabir bud, soli 1949 davlati mustaqil gardid. Inchunin Indoneziya, Misr va digar davlatho bo rohi taraqqiyoti mustaqilona qadam nihodand. Harakati milli-ozodikhohi makhsusan dar qitai Afriko charayoni bosurat girift. Soli 1960 yakbora 17 davlati in qita istiqloliyat ba dast darovardand. Badi yak sol dar qitai Afrika 62-davlati mustaqil paydo shudand.
Hamin tavr natichai avvali changi duyumi jahon in dar purzur gashtann harakati milli-ozodikhohi va arzi vuchud kardani mamlakathoi nav meboshad.
Az sababi tezu tund gashtani harakati milli-ozodikhohi solhoi 60-umro soli Afrika nomidand.
Hamin tavr natichai avvali changi duyumi jahon purzur gashtann harakati milli-ozodikhohi va arzi vuchud kardani mamlakathoi nav meboshad.
Natichai duvvumi chang tashkil yoftani sistemai chahonii sotsialisti ast. Pesh az hama badi ba okhir rasidani chang dar Avrupo digargunihoi kuli ba amal omadand. Davlathoi az zulmi fashizm ozod shuda istiqloliyati davlati ba dast darovardand. Albatta peshrafti minbadai siyosii davlathoi az fashizm ozodshuda ba davlathoi abadqudrati ittihodi ziddi gitleri vobasta bud.
Qushunhoi shuravi dar ozod namudani khalqkhoi Avrupo az zeri zulmi fashizm sahmi asosi bozidand. Az in ru khalqhoi Avrupo lashkari Surkhro hamchun ozodkunandagoni khud mepindoshtand va nisbat ba SHuravi tavajchi ziyod paydo kardand. Az tarafi digar dar rafti muborizai ziddi Olmoni gitleri dar in mamlakatho fronti khalqi- demokrati tashkil yoft, ki rohbariyati onro dar aksar mavridho kommuniston ba zima doshtand. In du omil baroi muayyan namudan va intikhobi sokhti siyosi-ichtimoii davlathoi navtasis tasir rasondand. Hamin tavr Lahiston, Machoriston, YUgoslaviya, CHekhoslovakiya, Albaniya, Ruminiya, modeli SHuravi taraqqiyotro pesh giriftand. Dar masalai Olmon dar bayni ittifoqchiyon ikhtilofho paydo
shudand. Davlati SHuravi tarafdori davlati yagonai Olmon az fashizm va militarizm ozod bud. Ittifokchiyon ba in rozi nashuda dar zonnai okupatsionii khud CHumhurii
Federativii Olmonro tasis dodand. Dar chavob dar kismi sharki – zonnai ishgolkardai artishi SHuravi CHumkhurii Demokratii Olmon tashkil yoft. Olmon ba du davlati mustakil taqsim shud.
Dar Osiyo on kismathoe, ki artishi SHuravi az istiloi davlati CHopon ozod karda bud, davlathoi demokrati – khalki dar yak kismi Koreya va Vetnam barpo shudand, ki dar naticha in davlatho niz ba du kism taqsim shudand.
In digargunihoi kuli dar chahon: purzur shudani harakathoi milli-ozodikhokhi va tashkil yoftani sistemai chahonii sotsialisti doirai reaksionii irtichoii kapitalistiro ba tashvish ovard. Bo tashabusi IMA soli 1949 mamlakathoi sokhili bakhri Atlant ittihodi harbii khud bo nomi NATO-ro tashkil dodand. Ba in ittihod IMA, Faronsa, Inglisiston, Belgiya, Ispaniya va digar davlatho dokhil meshudand. Soli 1955 ittihodi harbi mamlakathoi sokhilhoi uqyonusi Hind dokhil shuda, itihodi SEANTO nom girift. In ittihodiyahoi harbi ba mukobili davlati SHuravi va ittihodiyai davlathoi demokratiyai khalqi ravona karda shuda budand.
Davlati SHuravi baroi bekhatarii khud chorahoi chavobi andeshid. Soli 1953 Ittihodi SHuravi bo yakchoyagii mamlakathoi Avrupo ittihodi harbii paymoni Varshavaro tasis dodand.
Baroi hamkorii iktisodi bayni davlathoi lageri sotsialisti soli 1949 SHuroi yorii baynihamdigari tasis doda shud. Dar bayni azoyoni (davlathoi) in tashkilot baroi muvofiqa gardonidani iqtisodiyot integratsiyai iktisodi chorahoi amali andeshida shudand.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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