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VAZI SIYOSII TOJIKISTON BADI INQILOB

Badi sarnagun namudani amiri Bukhoro va ba Afoniston firor kardani u dar kalamravi Tochikistoni imruza dar bayni kuvvahoi inkilobi va aksulinkilobi muborizai shadid sar shud. Dar tarikh in harakat bo nomi bosmachigari malum meboshad. Ba harakati ziddiinkiloby amaldoroni amir, boyho va guruhhoi ziddi shuravi hamroh shudand. Onho dar amal tarafdori barkaror namudani sokhti peshtara buda, shaklan ba in harakat kharakteri milli- ozodikhohi doda va yak kismi aholii kambaalro az kafoi khud meburdand.
Dar solhoi okhir nisbati changi dokhilii solhoi 19211926 fikru andeshahoi mukhtalif paydo shudand. YAk kismi muhaqqiqon hamai onhoe, ki ba muqobili sokhti nav muboriza meburdand, kuvvai muchohiddin menomidand. In masala khelo muhim ast va tadkikoti hamatarafa talab mekunad.
Dar navbati avval qobili kayd ast, ki vazi iktisodi, ichtimoi va siyosii Bukhoroi SHarqi nisbati mintaqahoi digar kulan fark dosht. Masalan, dar kismati Garbii Bukhoro kismi ziyodi aholi ba tagyir yoftani hokimiyat betarafona raftor namuda boshand, dar SHarki on baraks. Dokhilshavii kismhoi ekspeditsionii Hisorro mardum hamchun istiloi achnabiyon kabul namudand. Sabab dar chi bud?.
Sokhtori navi SHuraviro sobiq namoyandagoni sinfhoi hukmron, ki az hokimiyat mahrum gardida budand, chashmi didan nadoshtand. Badi barpo shudani hokimiyati SHuravi az tamomi kanorahoi Osiyoi Miyona kuvvahoi aksulinkilobi dar Bukhoroi SHarki cham omada, onro ba markazi muborizai ziddi SHuravi tabdil dodand. Qismi ziyodi aholii Bukhoroi SHarkiro dehqonon tashkil medodand, ki az jihati siyosi obutob nayofta budand. Mutaasifona hokimiyati shuravi dar rafti guzaronidani tadbirhoi siyosi, iktisodi va ichtimoi ba kambudihoi chiddi roh dod. Masalan, boigarii dekhdononi miyonahol va kosibonro niz kashida girift. In sabab shud, ki yak kismi aholi ba kuvvahoi ziddi SHuravi hamroh shudand.
Kambagalon bo du roh, ba vositai zuri zeri fishori dini va dar baze mavridho bo sababi past budani shuuri siyosi ba bosmachiho hamroh megardidand.
Bosmachiyon (kalimai turki-bosmak hamlakuni) zeri ideologiyai islomparasti amal mekardand. Amaliyoti onho terroisti bud. Solhoi 1918-1920 dar nohiyahoi SHimolii Tochikiston ba harakati bosmachiyon Lahadmakhsum, Holbuta, Asrorkhon, Nasratshoh, Homid, sarvari menamudand.
Baroi bartaraf namudani harakati bosmachigari bo qarori turkbyuroi KMRKP (b) az 17 noyabri soli 1921 komissiyai favkullodai muborizai ziddi bosmachiyon dar Huchand va Uroteppa tashkil yoftand. Bo tashabbusi khizbiyon dastahoi ikhtiyori az khisobi aholii mahali tashkil karda meshudand. Ba in dastaho CHura Zokirov, Haydar Usmonov, Bobobek Mavlonbekov va digaron rohbari mekardand. Nisbat ba nokhiyahoi digar dar Mastchoh bosmachigari dertar davom kard. CHunki badi shikast dodani bosmachiyoni Vodii Fargona tamomi aksulinqilobchiyon ba Maschoh omadand.
Dar Bukhoroi SHarki dastahoi musallah bo rohbarii Ibrokhimbek, Davlatmandbi, eshoni Sulton, Fuzayl-makhsum, Rahmondodkhoh, Doniyor, Hurambek va digaron amal
mekardand. Ba in dastaho amiri firori karda az Afgoniston rohbari namuda, onkhoro boyaroku asliha tamin mekard.
Ba kuvvakhoi aksulinkilobi dastnishondodhoi khorichi kumak merasondand. Masalan, Anvarposho (sobiq vaziri harbii Turkiya) bo 27 nafar mushovironi harbii turk ba Quronteppa omada, badtar bo dastgirii amir Olimkhon sarfarmondekhi tamomi kuvvahoi aksulinkilobi dar Tochikiston tayin gardid.
Dastahoi bosmachiyonro baze khodimoni marufi-siyosi, ki bo rokhi gunogun ba organhoi davlatii shuravi roh yofta budand, dastgiri mekardand. Masalan, Usmonkhocha Pulodkhochaev raisi KIM – i Bukhoro bo 600 nafar bosmachiyonro libosi nizomi shuravi pushonda, mohi dekabri soli 1921 bo maqsadi tabadulloti davlati ba Dushanbe ovard.
CHunin sababho budand, ki changi dokhili dar Tochikiston kashol meyoft. Hukumati SHuravi dar barobari amaliyoti changi bar ziddi bosmachiyon dar bayni aholi korhoi ziyodi fahmondadihi meburd. Dar naticha aksari aholi az bosmachiyon ru gardonda ba hayoti osoishta guzashtand.
Hamin tavr hokimiyati SHuroho dar tamomi Osiyoi Miyona ustuvor gardid. Dar naticha nooromihoi siyosi, ki takhminan 7-sol davom kardand, hazorho nafar odamoni osoishta qurbon shudand va ziyoda az nim million nafar az vatan firor kardand. Ba iktisodiyoti kharobi khochagii khalq zarari kaloni moliyavi rasonda shud.

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Jubron Halil Jubron

JUBRON HALIL JUBRON yake az  navisandagoni ovozadori arab buda,  soli 1883 dar dehai Bashrai Lubnon  …

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