Home / Ilm / SAROR DAR BORAI PO1HRDANI ITTIHODI SHURAVI

SAROR DAR BORAI PO1HRDANI ITTIHODI SHURAVI

Ittihodi SHuravi davlate bud, ki khalqhoi gunoguni doroi madaniyat, darajai iqtisodi, ananahoi mukhtalif doshtaro dar doirai ideologiyai kommunisti muttahid namud. Dar barobari sust shudani tasiri ideologiyai hizbi shiorhoi milli bolo raft. Avvalin shuda baroi ba dast darovardani istiqloliyat jumhurihoi nazdi Baltika Litva, Latviya va Estoniya muborizaro sar kardand.
Masalai ba dast darovardani istiqloliyat dar anchani 1-umi deputatkhoi khalqii RSFSR (mokhi may-iyuni soli 1990) mavridi muhokima qaror girift. Dar in anchan deputatho ba khulosae omadand, ki sharti peshrafti iqtisodi va madanii khalqhoi Rossiya in ba dast darovardani
istiqloliyati komil meboshad. CHunin qaror az tarafi SHuroi Olii chumkhurihoi Belorussiya va Ukraina ham qabul karda shud.
Garchande, ki dar asosi qonuni asosi ba jumhuriho istiqloliyati komil doda shuda boshad ham, dar amal ittihodi SHuravi davlati unitari bud.
Baroi amalan nigoh doshtani davlati yagona rohbariyati SHuravi mokhi marti soli 1991 raypursii umumiittifoqi guzarond. Dar raypursi 9- chumkhuri ba ayr az se chumkhurii nazdi Baltika, Gurchiton, Armaniston va Moldaviya ishtirok kardand.
Dar naticha az chor qism se qism baroi nigoh doshtani ittihodi SHuravi ray dodand. Makhsusan dar Osiyoi Miyona aksariyati mardum tarafdori davlati yagona ray dodand.
Ba in nigoh nakarda vaziyati mamlakat to raft tezu tund megasht. Mokhi marti soli 1991 shakhtiyorhoi havzahoi kalontarini mamlakat korpartoi karda talabhoi siyosi: istefoi Gorbachev, parokanda kardani SHuroi Oli va sezdi namoyandagoni khalq va suporidani hokimiyat ba ikhtiyori SHuroi Federatsiyaro ba miyon guzoshtand.
Baroi mutadil gardonidani vaziyat rohbariyati davlat qaror dod, ki shartnomai ittifoqi tayyor karda shavad. Okhirhoi mokhi apreli soli 1991 bo ishtiroki Gorbachev va rohbaroni 9-jumhuri dar borai bastani shartnoma guftushunid shuda guzasht.
Dar in vaqt yak qismi rohbaroni khizbi, davlati va harbi ba vaziyati ba amal omada muroso kardan nakhosta 19-avgust ba vositai radio va televizion dar borai az vazifa ozod kardani Gorbachev va ba dasti komiteti davlatii holati favquloda guzashtani hokimiyat khabar dodand. Ba hayati komiteti davlatii holati favquloda (GKCHP) noibi prezidenti ICHSHS G.YAnaev, raisi parlumon Lukyanov raisi shuroi vazironi ICHSHS V.Pavlov, raisi komiteti bekhatari V.Kryuchev va vaziri korhoi dokhili B.Pugo va digaron dokhil shudand. Onho khostand, ki bo yorii quvvai harbi faoliyati GKCHP –0 chori kunand, lekin maqsadi onho amali nagasht.
Ruzi 19-avgust Elsin bo farmonhoi hukumati RSFSR faoliyati GKCHP-yon tabadulloti davlati manidod karda, qarorhoi onro gayrikonuni arzyobi namud. Ruzi 21-avgust dar sessiyai SHuroi Olii RSFSR, amaliyoti GKCHP mahkum karda shuda, azoyoni on ba habs girifta shudand. Az in davra kushishi istiqloliyatkhohii jumhurihoe, ki baroi bastani shartnomai navi umumiittifoqi tayyor budani khudro izhor karda budand, duchand ziyod gardid.
5-sentyabri soli 1991 dar anchumani namoyandagoni khalqii ICHSHS organi rohbarikunanda SHuroi Davlatii ICHSHS tasis doda shud, ki az tarafi on baroi nigoh doshtani Ittihodi SHuravi kushish ba nazar merasid.
Lekin mavchi chudoikhohi hamono bo surat davom mekard. 14- noyabr rohbaroni chumhurihoi Russiya, Belorussiya, Ozorboychon, Koqiston, Qiriiston va Tochikiston dar borai tashkil dodani Ittihodi davlathoi mustaqil (SSR) izhori aqida namuda qaror dodand, ki to okhiri soli 1991 SHartnomai navi ittifoq tayyor karda shavad. 8-dekabri soli 1991 rohbaroni Federatsiyai Russiya, Ukraina va Belorussiya (Elsin, Kravchuk va SHushkevich) dar borai tashkil dodani ittihodi davlathoi mustaqil (SNG) shartnomaro imzo kardand. 21 -dekabr dar Almaato rohbaroni Rossiya, Belorussiya, Ukraina, Ozorboychon, Koqiston, Qiriiston, Turkmaniston, Tochikiston cham omada, dar borai poshkhurdani Ittihodi SHuravi dekloratsiya qabul namudand. Nihoyat 25-dekabr Gorbachev dar borai hamchun prezidenti ICHSHS az vazifa istefo doda ba qaror imzo guzosht.
26-dekabr 1991 palatai SHuroi Oli ICHSHS dar borai parokanda shudani Ittihodi SHuravi Dekloratsiya qabul namud.
Hamin tariq Davlati SHuravi, ki 25-0ktyabri soli 1917 dar natichai alabai inqilobi sotsialisti tashkil yofta, az mohi dekabri soli 1922 Ittihodi chamhoi SHuravii Sotsialisti (SSSR) nom girifta bud, 26-dekabri soli 1991 parokanda gardid.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

Bez-nazvaniya-28

Tashakkul va inkishofi guruh hamchun kollektiv

Az tahlilhoi psikhologii dar bolo kardashuda doir ba guruh hamchun kollektiv barmeoyad, ki har qadare, ki guruh …

222222222222222