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Ilm

Imsok

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Imsok dar lugat ba manoi bozistodan va khuddori kardan ast va dar istilohi shar ba manoi bozistodan az khurdanu nushidan dar idomai ruze ast, ki ruzai onro ba gunae fosid namudaast. Dar tamomi mavridhoe, ki shakhs ruzai mohi Ramazonro ba gunae fosid namuda va bar vay qazo va yo qazovu …

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Mufsidoti ruza

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Hamon tavre ki guftem, ruzador boyad az damidani subkhi sodik to gurubi oftob az baze korho khuddory namoyad va agar yake az onhoro an- jom dihad, ruzaash fosid meshavad. Majmuai in korhoro mufsidoti ruza menomand. Baze «mufsidoti ruza» chunon hastand, ki bo sodir kardani onho boyad ham kazoi onro ba …

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Ruza doshtan dar in ruzho karohiyat dorad va yo man ast

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Ruzai ruzi shak ba niyati vujub (Ramazon) kharom (makrukhi takhri- my) va ba niyati tatavvu makrukh ast. Ruzi shak on ast, ki ekhtimoli shabon va Ramazon kharduro dorad – khanuz ba poyon rasidani mokhi shabon va daromadani mokhi Ramazon ba tavri anik muayyan nagashta- ast. Ammor ibni YOsir (r) mefarmoyad: …

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Navhoi ruza

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Giriftani ruza az nazari hukmy ba navhoi zerin taksim meshavad: Farz Vojib Nafl a) dar vakti muayyan: Ru- zai mohi Ramazon, b) vak- tash nomuayyan: kazoi ru- zai favtshudai mohi Ra- mazon, ruzai nazri mut- lak va kafforatho Koi ruzai fo- sidshudai nafly va ruzai etikofi nazry Ruzai ruzhoi dushanbe …

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SHarthoi vojib gardidani ruza

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Dini Islom tamomi holathoi gunoguni insonro, az kabili tan- durustivu bemory, marhalahoi sinnu soly, pirivu javony, kudratu tavonoy va ajzu notavony va gayra dar vakti anjomi ibodatho dar na- zar giriftaast va onhoro bar hama ba tavri yakson vojib nagardoni- daast, balki bar asosi talimoti Islom anjomi tamomi ibodatho pas …

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Bayoni baze masoili khiloli Ramazon

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1. SHakhse ruzi bistu nuhumi mohi shabon khudash tanho mohi navi Ramazonro binad, bar khudi on shakhs lozim ast, ki ruza bigirad, na bar digaron. Vaqte si ruz tamom shud va hiloli mohi navi shavvol baroi id dida nashud, ruzi sivu yakumro niz boyad ruza bigirad va bo digaron yakjoya …

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Tafovuti matlakho

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Az nazari jumhuri ahli ilm, az jumla imom Abuhanifa (rh), imom Molik (rh) va imom Ahmad (rh) vakte hiloli mohi Ramazon dar sarzamine dida shud, ruza bar tamomi musalmonon dar sar to sari olam vojib megardad, zero rui khitob dar farmoishi Rasuli akram (s): Bo» didani on (dar avvali mohi …

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Mokhi muboraki Ramazon chy guna sobit meshavad?

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Rasuli Hudo (s) mefarmoyad: «Bo didani mohi navi Ramazon ruza -i Rama؛bigired va bo didani myukh zonro ba poyon rasoned), vale agar on (ba sababi abrnok budani osmon) bar shumo pushida mond, mohi shabonro si (30) ruz purra sozed».154 Faro rasidani mohi muboraki Ramazon bar asosi hadisi bolo va digar …

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NIYATI RUZA

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uza az chumlai mukhimtarin ibodatho ast va boyad bo niyati anjomi farmoni Hudovandi mutaol ba jo ovarda shavad. Amalhoi banda, ba khusus ibodatho, be niyat dar nazdi Hudo pazirufta nameshavand. Payombar (s) mefarmoyad: «Amalho, be hes shak- (iazirufta meshavanb؛va bar igibqiH …».152 Niyat aslan hamon kasdu iroda va omodagii amalii …

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Bakhshi seyum

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O Odob va ahkomi ruza M Mufsidoti ruza M Makruhoti ruza M Masoili muosir dar bobi ruza K Kafforati ruza s Qazoi ruza S Sadasai Fitr s Qurbony Hudoi taolo dar hadisi sudsie mefarmoyad: «Tamomi amali farzandi odam baroi khudi ust, magar ruza, ki on baroi Man ast va Man …

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