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Ilm

AHVOLI MEHNATKASHON

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Dar amorati Bukhoro, az chumla, Bukhoroi SHarki khochagii qishloq asosi iktisodiyotro tashkil mekard. Zamin ba kategoriyahoi: amloki, amiri, vaqf, mulk taqsim meshud. Hochagihoi dekhdoni az du seyaki hosil andoz medodand. Dar barobari andozi asosi az zamin ziroatkoron boz kushpuli, kavsan, obchuvozpuli, mirobona medodand. Ilova az in, andozhoi digar, ba monandi …

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AMORATI BUHORO DAR ARAFAI INSIIOBB SOLI 1905-1907

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Dar natichai barkaror shudani protektorati Rossiya az boloi amorati Bukhoro dar hayoti ichtimoiyu iqtisodii amorat tairothoi muayyan ba amal omadand. Dar zeri tasiri kapitalizmi rus shaklhoi khochagidorii asrimiyonagi vayron shuda, Bukhoro ba muomiloti chahoni chalb karda shud. Az Bukhoro ba Rossiya asosan pakhta burda meshud va dar furushi pakhta Bukhoro …

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VAZIYATI SIYOSI-ICHIMOII OSIYOI MIYONA DAR ARAFAI INSILOBB (1905-1917).

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Dar okhiri asri XIX va ibtidoi asri XX Rossiya ba darajai olii taravdiyoti kapitalizm – imperializm rasid. Dar in davra kapitalizmi rus ba iktisodiyoti Osiyoi Miyona toraft beshtar vorid gardida, munosibathoi feodaliro vayron mekard. Albatta dar sharoiti mustamlikavi khuchumi kapital, nihoyat sust ba amal omada bud. Ba in nigoh nakarda …

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PAYDOISHSH JARAYONHOI SIYOSI. TALIMOTI MARKSISTI.

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Asri XIX dar tarikhi bashariyat bo ziddiyatho va ikhtilofho va barkhurdhoi ideologi maqomi khosa dorad. Ziddiyathoi chamiyati tanho khosi karni XIX nestand, dar olami hasti ziddiyathoi noguzir choy dorand. Dar surate, ki az ziddiyatho ba maqsad istifoda burda shavand, metavonand omili peshrafti chomea gardand. Dar holati mukobil chomearo ba kharobkoriho …

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HAYRAT

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Muhammadsiddiq, ki dar sher Hayrat takhallus dosht, soli 1887 dar guzari Arusoni Bukhoro tavallud yoftaast. Padari u dar masjidi hamon guzar muazzin (guyandai azon) bud va oilai u bo daromadi nochize zindagi mekard. Hayrat malumoti umumiro dar maktabi guzari khud girift. Hayrat bo yak dodari khurdsolash dar hashtsolagi az padar …

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SHOHIN

Drevnyaya-tsivilizatsiya-Egipta

SHamsiddin – makhdumi SHokhin soli 1859 dar Bukhoro dar oilai mulloi kambagal tavallud shudaast. Padari u Mulloamon aslan az Hatlonzamin (Kulobi khozira) buda, dar vakti chavoni baroi takhsili ilm avval ba Samarqand va bad ba Bukhoro rafta, dar madrasa takhsil namudaast. Badi khatmi madrasa khonador shuda, chand vakte dar yake …

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AQIDAHOI MAORIFPARVARII AHMADI DONISH.

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Akidahoi maorifparvarii Ahmadi Donish, ki dar hayoti manavii on zamon nihoyat peshqadam hisob meyoft, dar natichai shinosoii u bo Rossiya tashakkul yofta budand. Ahmadi Donish badi safarhoi khud ba Peterburg pasmondagi va chaholati sokhti ichtimoi va madanii kishvari khudro fahmid. Vay peshrafti buzurgi ilmu tekhniki Rossiya va taraqqiyoti sanoati kapitalistro …

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VOZEH

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Kori Rahmatulloi Vozeh soli 1818 dar Bukhoro dar oilai mulloi kambagal tavallud shudaast. Badi malumoti ibtidoi Vozeh chand sol dar maktabi qorigi (az yod kardani Kuron) tahsil karda, dar zarfi chand sol in ilmro ba khubi az khud mekunad. Laqabi «Qori», ki pesh az nomi vay omadaast, bo hamin sabab …

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ASIDAHOI MAORIFPARVARII AHMADI DONISH.

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Akidahoi maorifparvarii Ahmadi Donish, ki dar hayoti manavii on zamon nihoyat peshqadam hisob meyoft, dar natichai shinosoii u bo Rossiya tashakkul yofta budand. Ahmadi Donish badi safarhoi khud ba Peterburg pasmondagi va chaholati sokhti ichtimoi va madanii kishvari khudro fahmid. Vay peshrafti buzurgi ilmu tekhniki Rossiya va taraqqiyoti sanoati kapitalistro …

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AFKORI JAMIYATI SIYOSI, MAORIFPARVARI

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Dar nimai duyumi asri XIX dar afkori chamiyatii khalki tochik zeri tasiri madaniyati rus charayone paydo shud, ki bo nomi maorifparvari mashhur ast. Istiloh va mafkhumi maorifparvari dar asrhoi XVII dar hayoti chamiyati Angliya dar asri XVIII dar Fransiya va okhiri asri XVIII ibtidoi asri XIX dar Rossiya ba vuchud …

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