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Islom – Paydoish va tarikh

 

Islomseyumin dini somi (ibrohimi) va okhirin dini jahoni ast. Vay dar nimai avvali asri VII dar nimjazirai Aribiston, ki arabho onro “Jaziratularab” guyand ba arsai vujud omad. In din dar hamsoyagii mintaqae zuhur kard, ki chorrohi barkhurdi tamaddunihoi buzurgi tarikhi buda, naqshi arzandae dar tamadduni jahoni guzoshta ast.

tarikhi paydoishi dini islom
Tarikhi paydoishi dini Islom

In chorrohro olimoni tamaddunshinos chorrohi Suriya (SHom) nomidaand, ki na tanho kishvari imruzai Suriya, balki taqriban tamomi Osiyoi Nazdik, sohilhoi Bahri Miyonazamin va Osiyoi Hurdro dar bar megirad. Harchand gahvorai islom shahrhoi Makka va Madina dar gushai durdasti in mintaqa qaror doshtand, tamomi muhtavoi islom, mazmunu mundarijai on, anosiri farhangivu mazhabii on az vahdatu umumiyat bo digar farhanghoi az in chorroh sarchashmagirifta guvohi medihad.

In mintaqa chorrohe bud, ki dar on tamaddunhoi bobuli, shumerivu akodi, eroni, yunonivu rumi, finiki, misri (qibti) va nihoyat somi (arabiyu yahudi va gayra) ba ham barkhurda, az yakdigar mutaassir gardidaand va dar zaminai on dar shahrhoi markazii in mintaqa tadrijan, metavon guft, yak khamirmoyai tamadduni nave tashakkul meyoft, ki badan bo paydoishu shukufoii du tamadduni fari: tamadduni nasroni va tamadduni islomi neru tozae paydo karda, sholudai asosii tamadduni imruzai basharro poyaguzori kard. Paydoishi se dini tavhidii somi: yahudiya va nasroniya va islom, ki zodai hamin havzai tamaddun buda, har se mutaassir az dini tavhidii zardushti meboshand, baroi shukufoii tamadduni badii insoniyat az ahamiyate khosae barkhurdorand va az bisyor jihat ifodakunandai vahdati mabnoi farhangii insoniyat meboshand.

Az in ru paydoish va ravandi ba dini jahoni tashakkul yoftani dini islomro biduni ba nazar giriftani irtiboti on bo havzai tamadduni Suriya fahmidan mushkil ast.

Dar boramon

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